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Thai, Central in Thailand

Thai, Central

Send us a photo of this people.  [1]

Thai, Central in Thailand map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
19,646,000 Thai Buddhism 0.30 % 0.20 %   

Thai, Central in Thailand

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Introduction / History
The Central Tai, or Siamese, live on the country's rich central plain. The area, which includes the capital city of Bangkok, is watered by the Chao Phraya River. The Central Tai, who represent more than a third of the population, call themselves the Khon Thai, meaning "the free people".

Centuries ago the Tai lived north of Yangtzekiang in China. Relentless pressure by the Chinese gradually forced them southward. They conquered many peoples and cultures as they sought a new homeland, and by the 10th century they had settled in Central Thailand. A bloodless revolution in 1932, led by Westernized intellectuals, instituted a democratic constitutional monarchy. However, the country has suffered numerous governmental upheavals since then. Today, Buddhism is the central and unifying force in Tai society and even maintains social control. The Central Tai speak Thai, the official language of the country.

What are their lives like?
The Central Tai are unusually polite, respectful, and hospitable people. Their children are brought up to respect those of a higher rank, with additional emphasis on independence and self-reliance. The Central Tai seldom use physical punishment to discipline children.

Age is highly respected in Central Tai society. Type of occupation, wealth, and place and type of residence follow age in terms of respect and rank. Rural farmers rank below artisans, merchants, and city government officials; clergy form a separate group. Families are the core of Tai society. In rural areas, the immediate family usually lives, eats, and farms together. A young married couple may live with the bride's family until they can establish their own home.

The Central Tai are distinguished by a near absence of labor division by gender. Both men and women plow, till, fish, cook, tend babies, clean house, and wash clothes. Rice is the major economic crop, providing both a food staple and a cash crop.

The wealthiest Tai live in wood-framed homes that are raised off the ground and have plank floors, hard wood or mahogany panels, and tile roofs. The poorest villagers live in bamboo homes with thatched roofs and dirt floors. There are a wide variety of homes in the cities: multi-level cement houses, houses that are attached to or above shops, townhouses, apartment complexes, or wooden houses. The temple and school are prominent features in the villages. Water taxis transport people and cargo on polluted waterways that connect houses and other buildings.

What are their beliefs?
Theravada Buddhism was introduced in Thailand in 329 B.C. Almost all of the Tai are devout followers of Buddha ("the enlightened one") and seek to eliminate suffering and improve their future by gaining merit in pursuit of perfect peace, or nirvana. They believe that merit can be acquired through feeding monks, donating to temples, and attending worship services.

Traditionally, young men enter a Buddhist monastery for three months to study Buddhism. The Tai also attempt to incorporate their Buddhist beliefs with folk animism, a practice in which they seek help through the worship of spirits and objects.

What are their needs?
Thailand has serious public health problems. Hepatitis is prevalent and malaria is a problem in rural areas. HIV infections are epidemic in the cities.

Prostitution is a pressing social problem. Approximately 200,000 to 500,000 prostitutes, usually from poor, rural areas, are forced to sell their bodies to help their families survive. Education and employment opportunities for women are limited, and many women and children lack adequate health care.

Although a number of missions agencies are working among the Central Tai, more help is needed. The Bible, the Jesus film, and audio recordings are all available in the Tai language. However, only a handful of the Central Tai are Christians.

Prayer Points
* Ask God to raise prayer teams who will begin breaking up the soil through worship and intercession.
* Pray that God will grant wisdom and favor to the missions agencies that are currently ministering to the Central Tai.
* Ask God to send Christian teachers and medical teams to work among the Central Tai.
* Ask the Holy Spirit to soften the hearts of the Central Tai towards Christians so that they will be receptive to the Gospel.
* Ask the Lord to raise up strong local churches among the Central Tai.

View Thai, Central in all countries.

Prayer Links  
PrayerGuard.net
Global Prayer Digest: 2006-07-30
Global Prayer Digest: 2012-05-28
Global Prayer Digest: 2014-04-20
Global Prayer Digest: 2014-06-10
  Submit Update:
Country: Thailand
Continent: Asia
Region: Southeast Asia
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:Central, centered in Bangkok. Khorat in Ratchasima
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
   
 
Maps
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Country Map:Political map
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
 
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Thai, Central
People Name General: Thai, Central
Alternate People Names:
Bangkok ThaiCentral Tai
Khon TaiLao Song
SiameseSiamese Thai
Tai NoiThai Khom
Thai KlangThai Song
ROP3 Code: 101940
Joshua Project People ID: 11277
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 19,646,000
Population all Countries: 20,359,000
Least-Reached: Yes
   
 
Affinity Bloc: Southeast Asian Peoples
People Cluster: Thai
People Name General: Thai, Central
Ethnic Code: MSY49d
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
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Primary Language: Thai (19,646,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): tha    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
   
 
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Buddhism
Major Religions:
Buddhism99.20 % 
Christianity0.30 %(Evangelical: 0.20 %)
Ethnic Religions0.50 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent5.00 %
Protestant50.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic45.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 2   Less than 2% Evangelical. Initial (localized) church planting within past 2 years
 
 
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1834-1967
New Testament:
1843-1977Audio
Complete Bible: 1883-2011
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoCome to Me (Indigitube.tv)
Film / VideoCreation to Christ (Indigitube.tv)
Film / VideoFather's Love Letter (Indigitube.tv)
Film / VideoFathers Love Letter
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / VideoGodMan in Thai (Indigitube.tv)
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Thai
Film / VideoMagdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoMy Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / VideoThai Contextual Gathering (Indigitube.tv ...
Film / VideoThe Hope Video
Film / VideoThe Prophets Story (Indigitube.tv)
GeneralBible Visuals
GeneralFour Spiritual Laws
GeneralGods Simple Plan
GeneralGot Questions Ministry
Text / Printed MatterBible-in-Your-Language
Text / Printed MatterBible: Biblica Thai
Text / Printed MatterBible: Holy Bible
Text / Printed MatterBible: Thai Standard Version Revision
Text / Printed MatterBible: พระคัมภีร์ภ ...
Text / Printed MatterBibles, Bible League
Text / Printed MatterEasyBibles
Text / Printed MatterInternational Bible Society
Text / Printed MatterOneHope resources for children and youth
Text / Printed MatterWorld Missionary Press Booklets
 
 
Ministry Activity
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Networking: Visit LinkingGlobalVoices.org for networking possibilities.
Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
 
Data Notes
Data Sources
 
 

Thai, Central in Thailand

Peoples
               
Geographic
Global                 Global
           
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
           
   
People Cluster
       
Region
   
    Thai     Southeast Asia    
     
People-Group-Across-Countries
   
Country
   
      Thai, Central Thailand    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Thai, Central in Thailand          
      Religion Language  
      Buddhism     Thai  
    Global    
Language
 
    All Religions                              
   
Religion
                             

Direct link:  http://legacy.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?peo3=11277&rog3=TH