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Albanian, Gheg in United States

Albanian, Gheg

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Albanian, Gheg in United States map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
85,000 Albanian, Gheg Islam 30.00 % 0.50 %   

Albanian, Gheg in United States

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Introduction / History
The Albanians are believed to be descendants of the Illyrians, who were the original inhabitants of the western Balkan Peninsula. In the sixth century, migrating Slavs began to settle on Illyrian territory and pushed the Illyrians into what is present-day Albania.

The Albanians are divided into two major groups, the Gheg and the Tosk, according to which Albanian dialect they speak. The Gheg live north of the Shkumbin River, while the Tosk live south of the river. The two dialects differ slightly in vocabulary and pronunciation. In the 1950s it was decided that the Tosk dialect would be used in all Albanian publications, since it was the one most widely spoken in Albania.

In addition to differences in dialect, the Gheg and the Tosk also have many social differences. The Gheg are a very stern and courageous people; while the Tosk are known to be friendly, lively, and talkative.

What are their lives like?
Prior to the changes introduced by the Communist regime in the 1940s, the Albanians were a tribal people who lived in extended family units called fis. The fis had many old traditions, such as the vendettas, or "blood feuds," which often lasted for several generations. For protection during these feuds, families lived in fortified stone buildings called kulas. The ground floor of the kula was built with small slits rather than windows, while the upper floor had windows that could be closed.

Albania is a country with many isolated areas. Over the centuries, this produced a wide variety of regional lifestyles and settlement patterns. However, when the Communist regime began in 1944, the traditional lifestyles began to change drastically. Communist political authorities believed that the way to achieve national unity was to abolish differences of tribe, religion, and even dress. Huge community farms were established and education became mandatory. Large apartment complexes were built and much of the population became urbanized. Today, more than a third of Albania's population live in cities. The increasing industrial population and the introduction of mandatory education have, in fact, eliminated many regional differences.

The collapse of the Communist regime in 1991 brought on numerous traumatic and rapid changes in Albania, leaving the people with an identity crisis. The people were shocked to discover that they had been reduced to poverty. Hurt, angry, and confused, they are now struggling to find their identity in a country that is considered to be Europe's poorest and least developed.

What are their beliefs?
Centuries ago, many Albanians were converted to Islam by the Ottoman Turks. However, they practiced a type of folk Islam, which embraced occult practices such as praying to the dead, seeking cures for sickness, and praying for protection from spirits and curses.

In 1967, Albania declared itself as "the world's first atheistic state," closing its borders to any influence from the outside world. Before this time, religion was mostly based on folk beliefs. Many of the Gheg Albanians professed to be Catholic; however, it was - and still is - nominal, and superficial.

With the fall of the Communist regime in 1990, the crime rate in Albania began to soar. Since that time, religious practices have not only been allowed, but also encouraged as an antidote to the crime wave. Muslims from the Middle East are now attempting to re-evangelize Albania by sending missionaries, supplying financial aid, and building mosques. Today, the Muslims, along with the Catholics of northern Albania and the Orthodox of southern Albania, are pressing for restrictive legislation to keep out other religions, such as Christianity, that are considered non-Albanian.

What are their needs?
Today, Albania's economy is very unstable. Strikes, especially in the mines, are frequent; the Albanian currency is worthless; and the rate of unemployment is extremely high. The people need to know that hope and security can be found in Jesus Christ.

Prayer Points
* Pray that God will grant His wisdom and favor to missions agencies that are currently focusing on the Gheg Albanians.
* Ask the Lord to raise up additional long-term laborers to go to Albania and share the Good News.
* Pray that legislation restricting the preaching of the Gospel will not be passed.
* Pray that Bibles will be effectively distributed throughout Albania and have a strong spiritual impact on the people.
* Ask God to use the small number of Gheg believers to share Christ's love with their own people.
* Pray for the effectiveness of the Jesus film in Albania.
* Ask the Lord to raise up strong local churches among the Gheg Albanians.

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Country: United States
Continent: North America
Region: North America and Caribbean
10/40 Window: No
Total States on file:40
   
 
Maps
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Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
 
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Albanian, Gheg
People Name General: Albanian, Gheg
Alternate People Names:
Albanian Chamurian
GhegGheg Speaking
KosovarScutari
ROP3 Code: 103338
Joshua Project People ID: 11880
Indigenous: No
Population in Country: 85,000
Population all Countries: 2,995,000
Least-Reached: No
   
 
Affinity Bloc: Eurasian Peoples
People Cluster: Albanian
People Name General: Albanian, Gheg
Ethnic Code: CEW13
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
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Primary Language: Albanian, Gheg (85,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): aln    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
   
 
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity30.00 %(Evangelical: 0.50 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam63.00 % 
Non-Religious7.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent1.00 %
Protestant1.00 %
Orthodox55.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic43.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Evangelicals have only a very small representation among all who claim to be Christians.
Least-Reached: No
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
 
 
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1866-1978
New Testament:
1869-1990
Complete Bible: 2011
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsOnline Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoFather's Love Letter
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Albanian, Gheg
GeneralBible Visuals
GeneralFour Spiritual Laws
GeneralGod's Simple Plan
GeneralGot Questions Ministry
Text / Printed MatterBible: Albanian Bible
Text / Printed MatterBible: Interconfessional New Testament
Text / Printed MatterCartoon Gospel tract
Text / Printed MatterWorld Missionary Press Booklets
 
 
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources
 
 

Albanian, Gheg in United States

Peoples
               
Geographic
Global                 Global
           
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
           
   
People Cluster
       
Region
   
    Albanian     North America and Caribbean    
     
People-Group-Across-Countries
   
Country
   
      Albanian, Gheg United States    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Albanian, Gheg in United States          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Albanian, Gheg  
    Global    
Language
 
    All Religions                              
   
Religion
                             

Direct link:  http://legacy.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?peo3=11880&rog3=US