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Gourma in Benin



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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
58,000 Gourmanchema Ethnic Religions 12.00 % 1.00 % Not available   

Gourma in Benin

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Introduction / History
The eastern sixth of Burkina Faso is an area generally characterized by heat and dryness. This is home for the Gourmancheba, Burkina Fasos third largest ethnic group. Major Gourmancheba populations are also found in Niger and Togo, and smaller groups in Benin. The physical climate of the region poses great challenges. The lack of adequate water is a stark reality for most Gourmancheba. Some aid organizations have drilled small, deep, bore wells in a few villages. But some women must walk as much as 5 kilometers for water from a dam or a small dug well, sources which are known to dry up before the rainy season begins. In general, the southern regions do not receive enough rainfall to grow surplus crops.

Education poses another great challenge for the Gourmancheba. They have one of the lowest enrollment rates in Burkina Faso. Yet there is hope as almost one half of the primary schools in the area have opened since 1980. Furthermore, there has been a growing interest in learning to read and write in their own language, largely through the efforts of a professor from the University of Ouagadougou. There is a great interest in using literacy to help meet practical needs. Publications in their own language include health pamphlets and a monthly newspaper.

SIM International has been at work in the area since 1930. They have a history of combining evangelization with physical ministries like health care. They have translated the New Testament, along with some commentaries. Literacy is taught in each church, where the publications are also sold. Old Testament translation is being done by nationals, with UBS supervision. Today there are over 40,000 Christians and churches of many denominations. The people as a whole, however, remain strongly tied to traditional practices including sun worship, and sacrifices to the spirits. Many Gourmancheba syncretize their traditional religion with Islam, believing in a powerful God who has no time for individuals.

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Country: Benin
Continent: Africa
Region: West and Central Africa
10/40 Window: Yes
Total Provinces on file:2
Location in Country:Atakora department: Tanguieta, Kérou, Materi, and Cobly communes; Alibori department: Banikouara, Karimama communes.
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
   
 
Maps
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
 
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Gourma
People Name General: Gourma
Alternate People Names:
BigulimancebaGourmance
Gourmancheba Gourmantche
GulmachemaMigulimancema
ROP3 Code: 103587
Joshua Project People ID: 12004
Indigenous: No
Population in Country: 58,000
Population all Countries: 1,445,000
Least-Reached: No
   
 
Affinity Bloc: Sub-Saharan Peoples
People Cluster: Gur
People Name General: Gourma
Ethnic Code: NAB56a
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
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Primary Language: Gourmanchema (58,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): gux    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
   
 
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity12.00 %(Evangelical: 1.00 %)
Ethnic Religions50.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam38.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent8.00 %
Protestant15.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian2.00 %
Roman Catholic75.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Evangelicals have only a very small representation among all who claim to be Christians.
Least-Reached: No
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
 
 
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1947-2016
New Testament:
1958-1990
Complete Bible: 2005
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Gourmanchema
Text / Printed MatterOneHope resources for children and youth
Text / Printed MatterWorld Missionary Press Booklets
 
 
Ministry Activity
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Networking: Visit LinkingGlobalVoices.org for networking possibilities.
Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
 
Data Notes
Data Sources
 
 

Gourma in Benin

Peoples
               
Geographic
Global                 Global
           
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
           
   
People Cluster
       
Region
   
    Gur     West and Central Africa    
     
People-Group-Across-Countries
   
Country
   
      Gourma Benin    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Gourma in Benin          
      Religion Language  
      Ethnic Religions     Gourmanchema  
    Global    
Language
 
    All Religions                              
   
Religion
                             

Direct link:  http://legacy.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?peo3=12004&rog3=BN