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Berber, Kabyle in France

Berber, Kabyle

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Berber, Kabyle in France map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
712,000 Kabyle Islam 3.00 % 1.50 %   

Berber, Kabyle in France

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Introduction / History
The Kabyle are an African Berber tribe located primarily in Morocco, Tunisia, western Libya, and the coastal mountain regions of northern Algeria. The Africans call this entire region of North Africa Maghrib. During the third century, the Romans named the people of the Maghrib Berber, which means "barbarian."

The Kabyle live in the rugged, well-watered al-Quabail Mountains. These inaccessible peaks (some as high as 7,000 feet) have long been a refuge for the Berbers, forming a base of resistance against the Romans, Vandals, Byzantine, and Arabs.

Emigration is becoming more common among the Berbers, and it is estimated that several million now live in European cities. More than 500,000 Kabyle have migrated to France. In the 1980s, however, the European labor market closed to new workers.

What are their lives like?
In general, the Kabyle are sturdy, thrifty, hospitable lovers of the soil. They are also said to be proud, shrewd, persistent, and loyal. In particular, a passion for independence is deeply ingrained in their culture. Most memorable in their history was the great Kabyle uprising in 1871, which was suppressed by the French.

In Africa, most Kabyle are shepherds and farmers. For unemployed Kabyle, immigration to Europe was once an option, but that choice has declined in the late twentieth century due to restrictions on immigration. However, decades of immigration have left a large community in France. For some, service in the army and working in the factories of France during World War I were avenues of migration. When the war ended, many remained in France. Others arrived after World War II when there was a labor shortage in France. Recently, additional Kabyle went as merchants, since France is one of the most important trading partners of North Africa.

As the number of immigrants in France increased, so did various kinds of racial discrimination, including problems in housing and unemployment. Initially, most of the immigrants were males who lived in low-standard hostels and worked at low-paying jobs such as construction workers, street cleaners, miners, or manual laborers in steel assembly. With the beginning of economic stress in 1974, many French began to reclaim these jobs; thus, the government began to restrict immigration.

Preserving the family is important to the Kabyle. Even when a family member is forced by economic or social reasons to migrate to other countries, family ties remain strong. Family bonds are also strengthened by their marriage customs and inheritance rights. Often, an entire family lives in one small room, sharing everything. The father is the head of the family, and the family ancestry is traced through the males.

Traditional Kabyle dress for men includes a loosely flowing robe, a woolen lariat draped over a woolen cap, and a broad-brimmed straw hat. Women wear brightly colored cotton garments, usually woven in wavy stripes. Silk scarves cover their heads.

What are their beliefs?
Although the Kabyle are practically all Muslims, they still retain many of their traditional beliefs, such as saint worship. They usually celebrate the Muslim holidays, visiting friends and neighbors during these festive times. Weddings are lengthy celebrations that often last several days.

What are their needs?
Many Kabyle are searching for answers beyond Muslim fundamentalism. Those in North Africa do not have the freedom to follow Christianity, but those in France do. Although a number have responded to recent Christian programs produced in France, there are still many who remain unreached.

The New Testament and the Jesus film are available to the Kabyle in their own language. However, the stronghold of Islam must first be broken through prayer before this people can be reached with the Gospel.

Prayer Points
* Ask the Lord to burden the hearts of French Christians for the Kabyle who live among them.
* Pray that the Jesus film will effectively reveal the person of Jesus to the Kabyle.
* Ask the Lord to save key leaders among the Kabyle who will boldly declare the Gospel.
* Pray that signs and wonders will follow the Kabyle believers as they share Christ with their families and friends.
* Ask God to raise up prayer teams who will begin breaking up the soil through worship and intercession.
* Ask the Lord to bring forth a triumphant Kabyle church for the glory of His name!

View Berber, Kabyle in all countries.

Prayer Links  
PrayerGuard.net
Global Prayer Digest: 2008-04-26
Global Prayer Digest: 2011-04-07
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Country: France
Continent: Europe
Region: Western Europe
10/40 Window: No
   
 
Maps
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Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
 
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Berber, Kabyle
People Name General: Berber, Kabyle
Alternate People Names:
Greater KabyleNorth African Berber
We
ROP3 Code: 104365
Joshua Project People ID: 12399
Indigenous: No
Population in Country: 712,000
Population all Countries: 6,460,000
Least-Reached: Yes
   
 
Affinity Bloc: Arab World
People Cluster: Berber-Kabyle
People Name General: Berber, Kabyle
Ethnic Code: CMT32c
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
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Primary Language: Kabyle (712,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): kab    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
   
 
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity3.00 %(Evangelical: 1.50 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam97.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant10.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic90.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 2   Less than 2% Evangelical. Initial (localized) church planting within past 2 years
 
 
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1885-1990
New Testament:
1901-1995Audio
Complete Bible: 2011
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsOnline Scripture / Portions
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Kabyle
Film / VideoMagdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoMy Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / VideoRivka (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
 
 
Ministry Activity
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Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
 
Data Notes
Data Sources
 
 

Berber, Kabyle in France

Peoples
               
Geographic
Global                 Global
           
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
           
   
People Cluster
       
Region
   
    Berber-Kabyle     Western Europe    
     
People-Group-Across-Countries
   
Country
   
      Berber, Kabyle France    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Berber, Kabyle in France          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Kabyle  
    Global    
Language
 
    All Religions                              
   
Religion
                             

Direct link:  http://legacy.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?peo3=12399&rog3=FR