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Tatar in Uzbekistan


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Tatar in Uzbekistan map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
438,000 Tatar Islam 0.30 % 0.15 %   

Tatar in Uzbekistan

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Introduction / History
The Tatar are a group of Turkic people with sizable colonies in virtually every republic of the former Soviet Union. Although most of them live around the Volga region, others inhabit Azerbaijan, Byelorussia, the Ukraine, and the Central Asian republics. The Tatar speak a language that is also called Tatar. However, in some urban areas, nearly one-third claim Russian as their mother tongue. The name Tatar means "archer."

The physical appearance of the Tatar varies from blue-eyed blondes to Mongoloid features. In general, they have oval faces with little facial hair. They speak a unique language called Kazan Tatar, although many now claim Russian as their mother tongue. The Tatar are a settled people, mostly peasants and merchants, who have completely lost their traditional tribal structure.

The Tatar have had a strong civilization since the tenth century. It has survived the Mongol invasion of the thirteenth century and the Russian conquest of the sixteenth century. In the 1800s, Tatar cities ranked among the greatest cultural centers of the Islamic world.

What are their lives like?
The Tatar often seek work outside their native region, following a trend of mobility established before 1917. Some work in Russian manufacturing industries and petroleum refineries. Many of those in the Volga region work on collective (community) farms where they raise grains, hemp, legumes, and other fodder crops.

In urban areas, the Tatar live no differently than modern Russians. However, those living in rural areas still hold to their pre-Revolutionary traditions. For example, up to three generations may live under one roof.

Among the Tatar, the father is the legal head of the household. He is also in charge of the family income and how it is spent. The women usually cook, carry water, wash clothes, and tend to the livestock, while the men do more strenuous labor in the fields. Most Tatar are well educated. There are 1800 libraries in Tatarstan, having over 20 million books in Tatar. The Tatar people enjoy the arts - especially theatre, the orchestra, opera, and ballet.

Although the Tatar are primarily Islamic, many still observe sabantuy, or "rites of spring." This is an ancient agricultural festival that is celebrated simultaneously with the anniversary of the founding of the Russian Tatar Republic on June 25. These celebrations have their origins in Shamanism (the belief in an unseen world of gods, demons, and ancestral spirits).

The younger generation of Tatar wear contemporary city-style clothing. However, the older, collective farm members wear traditional dress. Many Tatar will identify themselves as Muslims before they will identify themselves as Tatar. Unlike devout Muslims, however, some of the Tatar will eat pork, and very few observe the prescribed Islamic fasts.

What are their beliefs?
Most of the Tatars are Hanafite Muslim. While Muslims believe that there is only one god, many Tatar still honor saints and holy places. Some beliefs in supernatural powers such as the "evil eye" (the ability to curse someone with a glance) still exist from their pre-Islamic days.

The Tatar's Volga area has been an Islamic stronghold since the ninth century. Nevertheless, the Tatar's beliefs remain more liberal and intellectual than the beliefs held by the more Orthodox Muslims of Central Asia or the Caucasus. For instance, in many of their mosques, prayer times have been arranged so as not to conflict with work schedules. Women have also been encouraged to join the men at the mosques instead of praying at home, as is the usual custom.

Unfortunately, the Tatar's view of Christianity has been scarred by the Russian Orthodox church and its attempts to convert them through coercion. During the 1600s and 1800s, their mosques were frequently burned. The few who were "converted" by these measures returned to their Islamic faith when oppression ended.

What are their needs?
Christian laborers are needed to live and work among the Tatars of Russia. Translation of the Bible began in the 1970s. The New Testament was completed in 2001.

Prayer Points
* We must pray that the Word of God will be completed, well-distributed, read, and understood by the Tatar.
* Pray that the nominally Orthodox Tatars would come to know Christ.
* Pray that God would bless the outreach efforts of a large Tatar church in Kazan.
* Ask the Lord to call people who are willing to go to Russia and share Christ with the Tatar.
* Ask God to use Tatar believers to share the love of Jesus with their friends and families.
* Ask the Holy Spirit to soften the hearts of Russian Tatars towards Christians so that they will be receptive to the Gospel.
* Pray that God will open the hearts of Russia's governmental leaders to the Gospel.
* Pray that the Lord will raise up loving Russian Christians to share the Gospel message with the Tatar.
* Ask the Lord to raise up strong local churches among the Tatar.

View Tatar in all countries.

Prayer Links
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Country: Uzbekistan
Continent: Asia
Region: Central Asia
Persecution Rank:16 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
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Country Map:Political map
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Tatar
People Name General: Tatar
Alternate People Names:
Kazan TatarLipka
Turkish Tatar
ROP3 Code: 109874
Joshua Project People ID: 15284
Indigenous: No
Population in Country: 438,000
Population all Countries: 6,363,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: Turkic Peoples
People Cluster: Ural-Siberian
People Name General: Tatar
Ethnic Code: MSY41h
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Tatar (438,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): tat    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.30 %(Evangelical: 0.15 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam79.70 % 
Non-Religious20.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant25.00 %
Orthodox75.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1864-2007
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 2016
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Tatar
Film / VideoMagdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoMy Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime))
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
GeneralGot Questions Ministry
Text / Printed MatterBible: Татарча - Tatar
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Tatar in Uzbekistan

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Ural-Siberian     Central Asia    
      Tatar Uzbekistan    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Tatar in Uzbekistan          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Tatar  
    All Religions                              

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