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Adi Dravida in India

Adi Dravida

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Adi Dravida in India map

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
9,831,000 Tamil Hinduism 7.73 % Unknown   

Adi Dravida in India

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Introduction / History
The Adi Dravida of India are a low status caste. The word 'Adi' means 'beginning'. Their literacy level is said to be less than fifty percent so the gospel message should be given in oral form also. There are some professional workers among them such as doctors and engineers. They are mainly Hindus.

The Adi Dravida of Tamil Nadu speak, read and write in Tamil and they eat pork and beef and for a cereal they like rice. They marry within their own group. The men do agriculture. The women look after the family income details and they help with agriculture. The Adi Dravida also do rickshaw pulling among other work. They have an Association that judges in disputes. Hinduism is their main religion.

In Karnataka they speak, read and write in Kannada. Agricultural work is now the main work for a lot of the Adi Dravida. In the towns they are mainly in the shoe industry. They have festivals.

In Andhra Pradesh the Adi Dravida speak, read and write in Tamil. They can speak Telugu also. They have two groups, the Tamil Mala who are thought to be better as they are landowners and the Savu Mala who are gravediggers. They believe in monogamy and marriages tend to be adult ones now rather than child marriages. Divorce is allowed as is marrying again for the bereaved. The dead are buried except when the first child dies and when there is an abnormal death, then cremation takes place.

In Maharashtra the Adi Dravida live mainly in slums. They speak Tamil mainly and also Hindi and Marathi. Divorce and widows marrying again are not allowed. Property on the death of the father is given to the sons with the oldest son being in charge of the home. There are Hindus and Christians among them who are allowed to marry each other.

In Pondicherry they speak, read and write in Tamil. There are Christians among them also.

Prayer Points
* Pray that gospel materials will lead the Adi Dravida to Jesus Christ.
* Pray that God will give them dreams and visions leading them to Salvation too.

Singh, K. S., ed. "India's Communities A-Z", Oxford University Press, USA 1999

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  Submit Update:
Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: South Asia
Persecution Rank:11 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:9,831,000
Largest States:
Tamil Nadu (8,193,000)Karnataka (1,182,000)
Andhra Pradesh (264,000)Puducherry (128,000)
Maharashtra (40,000)Delhi (6,100)
Kerala (5,200)Gujarat (2,500)
Odisha (2,000)West Bengal (1,600)
Total States on file:30
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Adi Dravida
People Name General: Adi Dravida
Alternate People Names:
Adi DravidarChakkiliyan
Sambanआदि ड्रॅविडा
ROP3 Code: 111266
Joshua Project People ID: 16164
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 9,831,000
Population all Countries: 9,831,000
Least-Reached: No
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: Tamil
People Name General: Adi Dravida
Ethnic Code: CNN23c
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Tamil (8,806,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): tam    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Telugu (570,000)Kannada (404,000)
Tulu (51,000)Malayalam (8,900)
Konkani, Goan (3,200)English (1,000)
Odia (400)Konkani (200)
Total Languages: 9
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.06 % 
Christianity7.73 %(Evangelical: Data not available)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism92.22 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Evangelicals have only a very small representation among all who claim to be Christians.
Least-Reached: No
GSEC Status:Level 5   Greater than or equal to 5% Evangelical
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1714-1956
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 1727-2002
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsFathers Love Letter
Audio RecordingsGeneral Ministry Resources
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsOnline Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio RecordingsOral Bible
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoFollowing Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / VideoGeneral Ministry Resources
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Tamil
Film / VideoMagdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoMy Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
GeneralBible Visuals
GeneralGod's Simple Plan
GeneralGot Questions Ministry
Mobile AppDownload Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed MatterBible
Text / Printed MatterBible: Old Version Bible
Text / Printed MatterBibles, Bible League
Text / Printed MatterEasyBibles
Text / Printed MatterOneHope resources for children and youth
Text / Printed MatterOnline Bible (Bibles India)
Text / Printed MatterWorld Missionary Press Booklets
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Adi Dravida in India

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Tamil     South Asia    
      Adi Dravida India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Adi Dravida in India          
      Religion Language  
      Hinduism     Tamil  
    All Religions                              

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