People-in-Country Profile

People Selector:
Print version:
Step 1 - Select a Country:   Send us your updates!
Step 2 - Select a People:  

Adi Dravida in India

Adi Dravida

Send us a photo of this people.  [1]

Adi Dravida in India map

Flash Map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
9,835,000 Tamil Hinduism 7.74 % Unknown   

Adi Dravida in India

Profile Text
Submit Profile Text:

Introduction / History
The Adi Dravida of southern India were called the Paraiyar. Due to the negative connotation of the name Paraiyar or pariah in English, the leaders of this community in the early 20th century requested that their name become Adi Dravida or "original Dravidians." Today, the Adi Dravida are a scheduled caste which means they receive special benefits for government jobs and places in education to rectify past societal wrongs. In the past, many of the Adi Dravida were indigent agricultural workers tied to the land. They were also forced to live by themselves in hamlets outside the other villages and towns.

Where are they located?
The Adi Dravida live primarily in the southern Indian states of Tamil Nadu and Kanarkata. Some are scattered across the rest of India. They speak Tamil and other regional languages.

What are their lives like?
The Adi Davida have been poor farmers and agricultural workers. Some own their own land while others labor for land owners. Some Adi Dravida are shoe makers and leather workers. Others dig graves and take care of funerals.

The Adi Dravida are endogamous; that is, they marry within their caste. They do not practice child marriage.

The men spend the day working the soil growing rice, other grains, fruits and vegetables. Women tend to family responsibilities and also help the men in the fields. Unfortunately, illiteracy is high among the Adi Dravida. By giving the Adi Dravida scheduled status the Indian government is trying to increase literacy and access to higher paying jobs. Some Adi Dravida are educated and entered professions like medicine, engineering and law.

What are their beliefs?
Most Adi Dravida are Hindu. They worship the Hindu gods like Vishnu, Shiva, Rama, Krishna and Hanuman. Due to their low caste, sometimes Adi Dravida have not been allowed entry into Hindu temples. This fact has led some leaders to encourage the people to leave Hinduism and to embrace Buddhism.

Prayer Points
* Pray that God would create a hunger for His Word among the Adi Dravida. The complete Bible is available in Tamil.
* Pray that the Lord would lead Indian Christians to become friends with the Adi Dravida to help them with their educational and vocational needs.
* Pray that the small number of Adi Dravida Christians will be discipled and share the gospel with their brothers and sisters.

View Adi Dravida in all countries.

Prayer Links  
PrayerGuard.net
  Submit Update:
Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: South Asia
Persecution Rank:11 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:9,835,000
Largest States:
Tamil Nadu (8,195,000)Karnataka (1,184,000)
Andhra Pradesh (264,000)Puducherry (128,000)
Maharashtra (40,000)Delhi (6,100)
Kerala (5,200)Gujarat (2,500)
Odisha (2,000)West Bengal (1,600)
Total States on file:30
   
 
Maps
Submit Map:
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
 
  Peoples [3]
Submit Update:
People Name in Country: Adi Dravida
People Name General: Adi Dravida
Alternate People Names:
Adi DravidarChakkiliyan
HarijanHarijans
MadigaMala
ParayanPariyar
Sambanआदि ड्रॅविडा
ROP3 Code: 111266
Joshua Project People ID: 16164
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 9,835,000
Population all Countries: 9,835,000
Least-Reached: No
   
 
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: Tamil
People Name General: Adi Dravida
Ethnic Code: CNN23c
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
Submit Update:
Primary Language: Tamil (8,808,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): tam    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Telugu (570,000)Kannada (404,000)
Tulu (51,000)Malayalam (8,900)
Konkani, Goan (3,200)English (1,000)
Odia (400)Konkani (200)
Total Languages: 9
   
 
Religion [4]
Submit Update:
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.06 % 
Christianity7.74 %(Evangelical: Data not available)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism92.20 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Evangelicals have only a very small representation among all who claim to be Christians.
Least-Reached: No
GSEC Status:Level 5   Greater than or equal to 5% Evangelical
 
 
Bible Translation Status
Submit Update:
Bible Portions: 1714-1956
New Testament:
1715-1998Audio
Complete Bible: 1727-2002
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsFather's Love Letter
Audio RecordingsGeneral Ministry Resources
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsOnline Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio RecordingsOral Bible
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoFollowing Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / VideoGeneral Ministry Resources
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Tamil
Film / VideoMagdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoMy Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
GeneralBible Visuals
GeneralGod's Simple Plan
GeneralGot Questions Ministry
Mobile AppDownload Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed MatterBible
Text / Printed MatterBible: Old Version Bible
Text / Printed MatterBibles, Bible League
Text / Printed MatterEasyBibles
Text / Printed MatterOneHope resources for children and youth
Text / Printed MatterOnline Bible (Bibles India)
Text / Printed MatterWorld Missionary Press Booklets
 
 
Ministry Activity
Register Ministry Activity:
Networking: Visit LinkingGlobalVoices.org for networking possibilities.
Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
 
Data Notes
Data Sources
 
 

Adi Dravida in India

Peoples
               
Geographic
Global                 Global
           
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
           
   
People Cluster
       
Region
   
    Tamil     South Asia    
     
People-Group-Across-Countries
   
Country
   
      Adi Dravida India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Adi Dravida in India          
      Religion Language  
      Hinduism     Tamil  
    Global    
Language
 
    All Religions                              
   
Religion
                             

Direct link:  http://legacy.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?peo3=16164&rog3=IN