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Aka in India

Aka

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Map source: Omid / Joshua Project
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
9,200 Hruso Hinduism 16.25 % Unknown Not available Not available   

Aka in India

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Introduction / History
Aka women make their faces ugly, by painting them! Covering their beauty is their way of protecting themselves from men from outside. Because of this habit the British and Assamese gave them their name 'Aka', which in Assamese means 'painted'.

They are very proud of their long history. Their folklore claims that their ancestor was King Bhaluka, the grandson of King Bana who was defeated by Lord Krishna at Tezpur. Though their population is small, there are two dialects, namely Hrusso Aka and Kora Aka. They are a close-knit community, with eleven clans and sub clans.

What are their lives like?
They practice shift cultivation – mainly maize and millet. Rearing a bison-like animal called a Mithun is an activity in every household.

Handicrafts, basket weaving and woodcarving are the principal arts among the Aka tribe. Aka men wear a silky Assamese toga, while the women wear a long dark red garment that covers their entire body. Silver ornaments play an important role in the female costume: vase shaped earrings, and for the richer ones, a silver filigree chain is worn around the head. Men having several wives is quite common.

What are their beliefs?
Both Hrusso and Koro Aka speakers follow the same religious beliefs and practices. Their main god is represented by the sun and moon, and they call him Donyi Polo. This god is a supreme god, all powerful, and controlling all living and non-living things. However, centuries of Buddhist and Hindu influences have greatly shaped their religious rituals. Now, superstition and magic play a central role in their beliefs. Shizon is the most popular one – used mainly against their enemies. One Shizon ritual involves slaughtering a dog, draining its blood and sprinkling a few drops of blood in their enemy's house or burning it in his hearth. The expectation is that spirits will harm the enemy.

What are their needs?
As a result of nearly 50 years of Christian ministry among the Aka, about 30% are Christians. Others practice their age-old beliefs. Translation of the Scripture into these two dialects will go a long way to help strengthen the existing churches and lead the entire community to Christ.

Prayer Points
* Pray for Aka churches and their leaders to catch the vision for their people and to take an active lead in the evangelism of their community.
*Pray for unity among the churches and a thirst for God's Word.
* Pray for the mother tongue translation team to be strengthened, well equipped and speed the process of translating the Scripture.
(Mother tongue translation teams consist of language speakers and translation consultants working together.)

View Aka in all countries.

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Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: South Asia
Persecution Rank:15 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:9,200
Largest States:
Arunachal Pradesh (7,000)Assam (2,100)
West Bengal (80)Nagaland (40)
Total States on file:5
   
 
Maps
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
 
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Aka
People Name General: Aka
Alternate People Names:
Aka PygmyAkha
Baaka Bayele
Hrussoआका
ROP3 Code: 111303
Joshua Project People ID: 16195
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 9,200
Population all Countries: 9,600
Least-Reached: No
   
 
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: Hindi
People Name General: Aka
Ethnic Code: CNN25g
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
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Primary Language: Hruso (8,100 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): hru    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Assamese (400)Hindi (300)
Bengali (100)Nyishi (70)
Adi (20)Punjabi, Eastern (Unknown)
Nepali (Unknown)Kuvi (Unknown)
Tibetan, Central (Unknown)Kok Borok (Unknown)
Note: Only 10 largest secondary languages listed
Total Languages: 16
   
 
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism5.11 % 
Christianity16.25 %(Evangelical: Data not available)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism64.00 % 
Islam0.03 % 
Non-ReligiousUnknown 
Other / Small0.03 % 
Unknown14.58 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Evangelicals have only a very small representation among all who claim to be Christians.
Least-Reached: No
GSEC Status:Level 5   Greater than or equal to 5% Evangelical
 
 
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: Help start a Bible Translation
New Testament: None Reported
Complete Bible: None Reported
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
 
 
Ministry Activity
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Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
 
Data Notes
Data Sources
 
 

Aka in India

Peoples
               
Geographic
Global                 Global
           
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
           
   
People Cluster
       
Region
   
    Hindi     South Asia    
     
People-Group-Across-Countries
   
Country
   
      Aka India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Aka in India          
      Religion Language  
      Hinduism     Hruso  
    Global    
Language
 
    All Religions                              
   
Religion
                             

Direct link:  http://legacy.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?peo3=16195&rog3=IN