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Bhathiara (Muslim traditions) in India

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Bhathiara (Muslim traditions) in India map

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
185,000 Urdu Islam 0.00 % 0.00 %   

Bhathiara (Muslim traditions) in India

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Introduction / History
The Bhathiara are a Muslim people who live in north India. Their name comes from a word for "boiled rice." The Bhathiara claim to be descendants of the last Pathan ruler of the Suri Empire of the 16th century. The traditional occupation of the Bhathiara was that of innkeeper. They would house and feed Muslims along the trade routes of north India. The Bhathiara would provide a mat and a place to sleep for a modest price. They would provide rice, curry, kabobs and water for Muslims travelers. During the Mughal period they were provided with royal patronage.

The job of being innkeepers has declined among the Bhathiara in modern times.

Now they work in agriculture, factories and in small businesses. Some Bhathiara have taken advantage of Indian's educational system and become professionals in medicine, law, engineering and computer science.

Lack of education is a problem among the Bhathiara. The literacy rate among their women is only 62%.

The primary language of the Bhathiara is Urdu. They also speak other regional languages.

Where are they located?
The vast majority of the Bhathiara of Muslim tradition live in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. Smaller numbers live in Haryana, Bihar, Maharashtra and Gujarat. A large population of Muslim Bhathiara also lives in the nearby nation of Pakistan.

What are their lives like?
The Bhathiara often live in their own sections of the cities and villages in Uttar Pradesh. They are strictly endogamous, that is, they marry within their caste and clan. Families arrange marriages with the consent of the young people. Sons inherit their father's property. Newly married couples frequently live with or near the groom's parents. Muslim priests officiate at important life events like births, weddings and funerals. The Bhathiara bury their dead.

The Bhathiara are not vegetarians. They eat meet except for pork. Their main foods are wheat, rice, lentils, vegetables and dairy products.

Caste councils promote their interests and settle legal disputes.

What are their beliefs?
The Bhathiara practice Sunni Islam, the largest branch of Islam. They attempt to obey the teachings of the Qur'an and the prophet Muhammad. They believe that by following the Five Pillars of Islam that they will gain entrance into heaven upon their death. The Bhathiara pray five times a day towards Mecca, attend Mosque services on Fridays and fast during the month of Ramadan. If a Bhathiara has the means, he or she will make a once in a lifetime pilgrimage to Mecca called the Hadj.

The two most significant holidays of the Bhathiara are Eid al Fitr, the breaking of the month fast and Eid al Adha, the feast day in celebration of Abraham's willingness to sacrifice his son to Allah.

What are their needs?
The Bhathiara need to hear and understand the life-changing message of Isa or Jesus. They need to see the love and mercy of Christ lived out in practical ways before them by Christians. They would benefit by job training skills and help in educating their women and children. They need to see that Jesus is not a merely prophet, but that He is the Lord and Savior of the world.

Prayer Points
* Pray for Bhathiara families to be drawn to Jesus and to the Bible to find out more about this man, Jesus.
* Pray for Bhathiara families and communities to discover and embrace the free gift of life found by trusting Christ and his finished work.
* Pray that the Bhathiara would be open to the gospel and that the Lord would raise up Bible-believing churches among them.


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Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2014-09-10
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Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: South Asia
Persecution Rank:11 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:185,000
Largest States:
Uttar Pradesh (165,000)Haryana (5,900)
Bihar (5,800)Maharashtra (3,100)
Gujarat (2,500)Madhya Pradesh (1,200)
Uttarakhand (800)Delhi (400)
Jharkhand (300)Punjab (200)
Total States on file:16
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Bhathiara (Muslim traditions)
People Name General: Bhathiara (Muslim traditions)
Alternate People Names:
भाठियारा (मुस्लिम ट्रेडिशन्स)
ROP3 Code: 111595
Joshua Project People ID: 16442
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 185,000
Population all Countries: 344,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: Urdu Muslim
People Name General: Bhathiara (Muslim traditions)
Ethnic Code: CNN25r
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Urdu (168,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): urd    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Bhojpuri (5,200)Awadhi (4,500)
Gujarati (2,400)Kanauji (900)
Hindi (500)Braj Bhasha (500)
Marwari (500)Bundeli (300)
Punjabi, Eastern (200)Bagheli (200)
Note: Only 10 largest secondary languages listed
Total Languages: 15
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.00 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam100.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 3   Less than 2% Evangelical. Widespread church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1747-1894
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 1843-2016
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament - Easy to Read (FCB ...
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament - Pakistan Bible So ...
Audio RecordingsOnline Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio RecordingsOral Bible
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Audio RecordingsUrdu Online Audio Bible
Film / VideoA Gathering of the Followers of Isa (Ind ...
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Urdu
Film / VideoMagdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoMy Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / VideoThe Greatest Sacrifice (
Film / VideoThe Hope Video
Film / VideoThe Prophets Story (
GeneralBible Visuals
GeneralFour Spiritual Laws
GeneralGod's Simple Plan
GeneralGot Questions Ministry
Mobile AppDownload Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed MatterBible
Text / Printed MatterBible: Revised Urdu Bible
Text / Printed MatterBible: UGV Devanagari
Text / Printed MatterBible: اردو جیو ورژن
Text / Printed MatterBibles, Bible League
Text / Printed MatterEasyBibles
Text / Printed MatterEasyBibles
Text / Printed MatterFather's Love Letter
Text / Printed MatterInternational Bible Society
Text / Printed MatterWorld Missionary Press Booklets
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Bhathiara (Muslim traditions) in India

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Urdu Muslim     South Asia    
      Bhathiara (Muslim traditions) India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Bhathiara (Muslim traditions) in India          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Urdu  
    All Religions                              

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