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Bhotia (Hindu traditions) in India

Bhotia (Hindu traditions)

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Bhotia (Hindu traditions) in India map

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
133,000 Nepali Buddhism 2.92 % Unknown   

Bhotia (Hindu traditions) in India

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Introduction / History
India is a complex mosaic of ethnic, linguistic, religious, and social groupings. Because of this diversity, it is very difficult to adequately describe any single people group. Ranking second only to China among the world's most populous countries, India has a population of more than 1,250,000,000.

India may be divided into four main regions: the Himalayas, the northern river-plains region, the Deccan Plateau, and the Eastern and Western Ghats Mountains. Because of its numerous geographical features, climatic conditions are very diverse on both a seasonal and regional basis, ranging from tropical to temperate extremes.

The Sikkimese Bhotia, who are part of this complex cultural milieu, are located mostly in the northern state of Sikkim along the southern slopes of the Himalayas. Their language, Denjonke, is part of the Sino-Tibetan language family.

What are their lives like?
The state of Sikkim is bordered by Tibet and Bhutan. The population is mainly Nepalese, but it includes the Lepchas (the largest minority group), and the Bhotia, a people of Tibetan origin.

Almost three-fourths of India's population lives in rural areas and is engaged in some form of agricultural activity. Sikkim follows this pattern, as agriculture forms the basis of its economy. Cardamom (an Indian spice), oranges, apples, and potatoes are grown for export; barley, wheat, corn, and rice are also important crops. Other economic activities include raising sheep and yak, and mining such minerals as coal, copper, iron ore, marble, and lead. Traditional handicrafts, tourism, and the development of new industry are also important to Sikkim's economy.

Indian culture is primarily Hindu-oriented. Many Hindu institutions, including the rigid caste (social class) system, have wide-ranging effects on secular Indian society. The word "caste" basically means breed, race, or kind. Indian society is divided into hierarchical castes that are usually endogamous (marriage only within the caste). Castes may be defined by occupation or by kinship and lineage, although there are some exceptions. Nevertheless, caste is so fundamental to the social organization of India that it prevails in all parts, except among some of the tribal populations.

Essentially all Buddhist groups in India today are groups who migrated from neighboring Buddhist countries (through choice or to avoid conflict), or who live along the borders with these countries. The basic lifestyle of Buddhist groups in India is not too different from the lifestyle of Hindus. The differences are only found in their religious practices.

What are their beliefs?
The majority of Sikkimese Bhotia are Tantrayana (Lamaistic) Buddhists. Buddhism teaches that right thinking, ritual sacrifices, and self-denial will enable the soul to reach nirvana (a state of eternal bliss) at death. They daily live in fear of their gods and constantly strive to appease them with religious chants, rituals, and sacrifices. Like Hindus, Buddhists believe that existence is a continuing cycle of death and rebirth (reincarnation). As long as a person remains within the cycle of death and rebirth, he can never be completely free from pain and suffering. The cycle can only be broken by achieving nirvana, and only those who follow the Buddhist principles of the "middle way" and the "noble eight-fold path" can achieve that state.

Lamaistic Buddhism was developed in Tibet and then spread among the Mongols and other minority groups in southwestern Asia. They follow the teachings of the Dalai Lama and believe that each person's well-being was determined by his behavior in previous lives.

What are their needs?
Intercession and increased missions efforts are still needed. The small number of believers need discipleship materials to encourage and strengthen them in their Christian walk.

Prayer Points
* Ask the Lord of the harvest to send forth laborers to work among the Sikkimese Bhotia.
* Ask God to grant wisdom and favor to missions agencies focusing on the Sikkimese Bhotia.
* Ask God to raise up prayer teams who will break up the soil through worship and intercession.
* Ask the Holy Spirit to complete the work begun in the hearts of the small number of Sikkimese Bhotia believers through adequate discipleship.
* Ask the Lord to bring forth a triumphant Sikkimese Bhotia church for the glory of His name!

View Bhotia (Hindu traditions) in all countries.

Prayer Links  
PrayerGuard.net
Global Prayer Digest: 2007-08-20
Global Prayer Digest: 2010-08-15
  Submit Update:
Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: South Asia
Persecution Rank:15 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:133,000
Largest States:
West Bengal (79,000)Uttarakhand (45,000)
Uttar Pradesh (8,700)Delhi (100)
Bihar (90)Tripura (50)
Tamil Nadu (30)Chandigarh (20)
Jharkhand (10)Punjab (10)
Total States on file:11
Location in Country:They inhabit all four districts of Sikkim, but they are concentrated in North Sikkim District near the Chinese border. A migrant community of Sikkimese has moved down into the Darjeeling District of West Bengal.
(Source: Peoples of the Buddhist World, 2004)
   
 
Maps
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
 
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Bhotia (Hindu traditions)
People Name General: Bhotia (Hindu traditions)
Alternate People Names:
BhotiaBhotia of Bhutan
Bhotia of SikkimBhutia
DandzongkaDrukpa
LachengpaLhori
MonpaRang
RanksRongpa
ShaukaSikkim Bhotia
TibetanTibetan Bhotia
ROP3 Code: 111608
Joshua Project People ID: 16449
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 133,000
Population all Countries: 133,000
Least-Reached: Yes
   
 
Affinity Bloc: Tibetan-Himalayan Peoples
People Cluster: Tibeto-Burman, other
People Name General: Bhotia (Hindu traditions)
Ethnic Code: MSY50r
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
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Primary Language: Nepali (63,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): npi    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Kumaoni (21,000)Sikkimese (13,000)
Hindi (9,600)Tibetan, Central (7,200)
Garhwali (5,500)Sherpa (3,400)
Rawat (2,700)Chaudangsi (1,800)
Bengali (1,400)Kanauji (800)
Note: Only 10 largest secondary languages listed
Total Languages: 49
   
 
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Buddhism
Major Religions:
Buddhism52.14 % 
Christianity2.92 %(Evangelical: Data not available)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism43.25 % 
Islam0.51 % 
Non-ReligiousUnknown 
Other / Small0.08 % 
Unknown1.10 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
 
 
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1850-1961
New Testament:
1821-2010Audio
Complete Bible: 1914-2004
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsNepali Bible stories
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsOnline Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoFollowing Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Nepali
Film / VideoMagdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoMy Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / VideoNew Way - Naya Goreto (Indigitube.tv)
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / VideoThe Hope Video
Film / VideoUntil We Met (Indigitube.tv)
GeneralGot Questions Ministry
Text / Printed MatterBible-in-Your-Language
Text / Printed MatterBibles, Bible League
Text / Printed MatterEasyBibles
Text / Printed MatterInternational Bible Society
Text / Printed MatterOneHope resources for children and youth
Text / Printed MatterWorld Missionary Press Booklets
 
 
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources
 
 

Bhotia (Hindu traditions) in India

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      Bhotia (Hindu traditions) India    
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