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Chero in India

Chero

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
193,000 Hindi Hinduism 0.13 % Unknown   

Chero in India

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Introduction / History
The Chero live in Bihar, Orissa, Uttar Pradesh, and West Bengal. They are primarily concentrated in Palamau, Shahabad, Champaran, and other surrounding districts. The Chero speak a language that is also called Chero. Those in Bihar are bilingual, speaking both Chero and Bihari.

The Chero claim to be the descendants of the Rajput, who were a powerful race of Indian warriors whose kingdom existed between the eighth and thirteenth centuries. The Chero were once the lords of all the provinces surrounding the sacred Ganges River. Now, however, they hold meager jobs in the cities or live in the woods skirting the hills.

Like many people in India, the Chero belong to a particular social class, or caste. They are officially classified as land-owners and farmers. In general, they are a proud race and have never forgotten that their bloodline is one of royalty.

What are their lives like?
Most of the Chero live in villages situated near streams to ensure the people of a fresh water supply. The villagers get timber from the forests to build their homes and to use as fuel. Their settlements are clusters of homes seemingly huddled together without rhyme or reason. The poorest Chero live in homes made of mud. These families share their homes with the cattle, farm tools, and grain.

Today, agriculture is vital to the Chero economy, and the villagers usually grow exactly what they need for survival. Men and women work together to produce the harvest, and the women especially love to sing as they work. Some of the Chero have moved over to shop-keeping and petty trade in towns and cities. Others earn wages by working on roads or in coal mines.

For the Chero living on the plains, their livestock is crucial for their livelihood. Oxen, buffaloes, and cows are yoked to plows and carts to help them work the fields. Goats, fish, and fowl are important components of their diet and are also used as sacrifices in religious ceremonies.

The nuclear family, which consists of parents and unmarried children, is the basic building block of Chero society. While they hold their elders in high regard, old age itself is viewed as an ailment. The tribe is governed by councils called panchayats, which are made up of the village elders, the headman, and the high priest.

The land-holding Chero in the Palamau region have borrowed the gotras social structure, which means that they do not associate with those of lower castes. They are divided into two sub-castes, and marriage outside of their own group is strictly forbidden.

Over the years, the distinctive physical traits of the Chero have been softened by intermarriage with pure Hindu families. Because they are of Rajput descent, the Chero obtained military land grants, which they hold to this day.

The higher caste Chero are almost equal to any other high caste group of Hindus. Brahmins (the highest Hindu caste, made up of priests and scholars) will actually take water from the Chero's hands. This is considered a privilege in their society. They now live strictly as Rajputs and wear their caste symbols. However, they still do not intermarry with pure Rajput families.

What are their beliefs?
The majority of Chero are Hindu, and Brahmin priests serve at all their weddings. About one-fifth the Chero are Muslims, who were converted during Muslim invasions of the nineteenth century.

What are their needs?
At the present time, there are only a few known Chero Christians. Missionaries are needed to disciple these young believers. Christian resources are desperately needed. Prayer is the key to seeing the Chero reached with the Gospel.

Prayer Points
* Ask the Holy Spirit to complete the work begun in the hearts of the few Chero believers through adequate discipleship.
* Ask the Lord of the harvest to send forth laborers to work among the Chero.
* Pray that God will raise up prayer teams who will begin breaking up the soil through worship and intercession.
* Ask the Lord to bring forth a triumphant Chero church for the glory of His name!

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Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: South Asia
Persecution Rank:15 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:193,000
Largest States:
Jharkhand (102,000)Uttar Pradesh (73,000)
Bihar (11,000)West Bengal (3,500)
Assam (1,500)Uttarakhand (1,400)
Odisha (50)
Total States on file:7
   
 
Maps
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
 
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Chero
People Name General: Chero
Alternate People Names:
ChereChoro
चेरो
ROP3 Code: 111778
Joshua Project People ID: 16583
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 193,000
Population all Countries: 198,000
Least-Reached: Yes
   
 
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: Hindi
People Name General: Chero
Ethnic Code: CNN25g
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
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Primary Language: Hindi (168,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): hin    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Bhojpuri (8,000)Bengali (2,600)
Kanauji (2,600)Assamese (900)
Awadhi (900)Ho (700)
Garhwali (600)Kumaoni (400)
Bagheli (400)Santhali (200)
Note: Only 10 largest secondary languages listed
Total Languages: 28
   
 
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.02 % 
Christianity0.13 %(Evangelical: Data not available)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism99.40 % 
Islam0.02 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.42 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
 
 
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1806-1962
New Testament:
1811-1998Audio
Complete Bible: 1818-2000
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsHindi Bible stories
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsOnline Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoA Beautiful Hope (Indigitube.tv)
Film / VideoA Pilgrimage (Indigitube.tv)
Film / VideoAasha - Hope (Indigitube.tv)
Film / VideoCoconuts (Indigitube.tv)
Film / VideoCreation to Christ (Indigitube.tv)
Film / VideoFathers Love Letter
Film / VideoFollowing Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / VideoHaqeeqat Episode 6 (Indigitube.tv)
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Hindi
Film / VideoMagdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoMy Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / VideoRivka (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / VideoTen Virgins (Indigitube.tv)
Film / VideoThe Final Prodigal (Indigitube.tv)
Film / VideoThe Hope Video: View in Hindi
Film / VideoThe Price of Life (Indigitube.tv)
Film / VideoYeshu Satsang (Indigitube.tv)
GeneralBible Visuals
GeneralFour Spiritual Laws
GeneralGods Simple Plan
GeneralGot Questions Ministry
GeneralYeshu Samaj
Text / Printed MatterBible: Hindi Holy Bible
Text / Printed MatterBible: Hindi Holy Bible
Text / Printed MatterBibles, Bible League
Text / Printed MatterChrist for the Nations
Text / Printed MatterEasyBibles
Text / Printed MatterEasyBibles
Text / Printed MatterHindi Bible
Text / Printed MatterInternational Bible Society
Text / Printed MatterOnline Bible (Bibles India)
Text / Printed MatterWorld Missionary Press Booklets
 
 
Ministry Activity
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Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
 
Data Notes
Data Sources
 
 

Chero in India

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      Chero India    
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Direct link:  http://legacy.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?peo3=16583&rog3=IN