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Gosain in India


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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
1,533,000 Hindi Hinduism 0.00 % 0.00 %   

Gosain in India

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Introduction / History
The Gosain are very religious. By tradition, they have removed themselves from material pleasures and live by collecting alms and looking after temples. They worship the Hindu god Shiva. They live in many parts of India but particularly in Uttar Pradesh in the Gonda and Gorakhpur regions.

What are their lives like?
Many of the Gosain have now turned to other things for a living like farming, raising cows for milk, and government services.

The Gosain are landowners except in Maharashtra and the Punjab where most have no land. In Punjab they do rickshaw pulling, carpentry and other things while some beg. Some are weavers. They eat grain, lentils and vegetables and meat except for beef. Smoking marijuana and drinking alcohol happens a lot among them. Education takes place with the boys and the literacy level among females is much less than among males. They do family planning and use local and modern medicines.

Families usually arrange marriages. They believe in monogamy. Most marriages are now adult ones. If the wife cannot have children, the husband is allowed to keep his wife while marrying again. Divorce is allowed in such things as adultery, cruelty and impotence. Divorcees and the bereaved can remarry.

Only the sons inherit property and the oldest son becomes leader of the home. Women usually are only involved in social, religious and ritual matters. The Gosain have organizations that are national, regional and local that look after social, economic, religious and educational needs. A traditional community council is elected in the villages. They judge on things like divorce and family matters. When found guilty, fines are given or the guilty are boycotted. The money from the fine is given to a Shiva temple or a feast for the local people.

What are their beliefs?
The Gosain are Hindus and give their offerings to Hindu gods and goddesses. Shiva is their main god. Also they worship male and female clan gods. They do ceremonies they believe will rid them of evil spirits and please their god.

The Gosain go to the main Hindu pilgrimages that they believe to be holy. They celebrate all the Hindu festivals such as Holi and Diwali. They particularly celebrate Maha Shivaratri which means the great night of Shiva. It is they believe to do with the destruction and renewing of the universe.

Most Gosain bury their dead except in Himachal Pradesh, Bihar and Delhi. Bodies are burned in big cities to avoid crowding of dead bodies. The dead are buried in a sitting down position towards the Kailash peak in the Himalayas as they believe that is the heavenly home of Shiva. There is death pollution for a set period and that is followed by a funeral feast at the end of it.

The Gosain are devoted to Shiva and are looking to find peace and happiness in God. They hope to be redeemed by living a life of hardship that they put on themselves and by a life of denial. (As they are wanting to find happiness in God, that may be an opportunity for the gospel message to be given to them).


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Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2017-10-04
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Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: South Asia
Persecution Rank:11 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:1,533,000
Largest States:
Uttar Pradesh (534,000)Maharashtra (398,000)
Madhya Pradesh (196,000)Gujarat (75,000)
Uttarakhand (69,000)Bihar (67,000)
Chhattisgarh (59,000)Jharkhand (51,000)
West Bengal (28,000)Karnataka (14,000)
Total States on file:23
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Gosain
People Name General: Gosain
Alternate People Names:
BhartiDaure Gosaviati
ROP3 Code: 112144
Joshua Project People ID: 16862
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 1,533,000
Population all Countries: 1,536,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: Hindi
People Name General: Gosain
Ethnic Code: CNN25g
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Hindi (792,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): hin    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Marathi (313,000)Bhojpuri (80,000)
Gujarati (69,000)Chhattisgarhi (44,000)
Awadhi (39,000)Kumaoni (36,000)
Bengali (24,000)Konkani (18,000)
Kanauji (12,000)Malvi (11,000)
Note: Only 10 largest secondary languages listed
Total Languages: 41
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.00 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism99.98 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.02 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 2   Less than 2% Evangelical. Initial (localized) church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1806-1962
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 1818-2000
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsOnline Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoA Beautiful Hope (
Film / VideoA Pilgrimage (
Film / VideoAasha - Hope (
Film / VideoCoconuts (
Film / VideoCreation to Christ (
Film / VideoFathers Love Letter
Film / VideoFollowing Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / VideoHaqeeqat Episode 6 (
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Hindi
Film / VideoMagdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoMy Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / VideoRivka (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / VideoTen Virgins (
Film / VideoThe Final Prodigal (
Film / VideoThe Hope Video: View in Hindi
Film / VideoThe Price of Life (
Film / VideoYeshu Satsang (
GeneralBible Visuals
GeneralFour Spiritual Laws
GeneralGod's Simple Plan
GeneralGot Questions Ministry
GeneralYeshu Samaj
Mobile AppDownload Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed MatterBible
Text / Printed MatterBible: Hindi Holy Bible
Text / Printed MatterBibles, Bible League
Text / Printed MatterChrist for the Nations
Text / Printed MatterEasyBibles
Text / Printed MatterEasyBibles
Text / Printed MatterHindi Bible
Text / Printed MatterInternational Bible Society
Text / Printed MatterOneHope resources for children and youth
Text / Printed MatterOnline Bible (Bibles India)
Text / Printed MatterWorld Missionary Press Booklets
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Gosain in India

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Hindi     South Asia    
      Gosain India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Gosain in India          
      Religion Language  
      Hinduism     Hindi  
    All Religions                              

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