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Halwai (Hindu traditions) in India

Halwai (Hindu traditions)

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Halwai (Hindu traditions) in India map

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
1,368,000 Hindi Hinduism 0.00 % 0.00 %   

Halwai (Hindu traditions) in India

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Introduction / History
The Halwai of India are a caste of sweet makers and confectioners. The name Halwai comes from the Hindi word Halwa which is a sweet. The Halwai are called Mithaiha in Madya Pradesh. In Uttar Pradesh as well as being called Halwai, they are called Yogyaseni, Modanwal and Gupta. In Punjab they are called Kamboj and Arora. In West Bengal, they are called Mayara and in Orissa by the name Guria. There are many of them living in the east regions of Barabanki and Bahraich of Uttar Pradesh.

The Halwai in Madya Pradesh migrated from Rajasthan and Gujarat many years ago in olden times. They are looked at with respect. Because of the importance sweets have in religion and socially, they have a special position in festivals and childbirths and marriages.

The Halwai of Uttar Pradesh and Madya Pradesh speak Hindi. In Bihar they speak Maithili and Hindi as well. In most states they read and write in Devanagari. They speak Oriya in Orissa and Bengali in West Bengal.

What are their lives like?
Sweet shops of the Halwai are in the towns and bazaars in north India. Some of the Halwai do government and private work. Some work in agriculture. and there are a few doctors and engineers. They are mainly vegetarians, eating wheat and rice, fruit and vegetables. In Bihar, the Halwai eat chicken and mutton but not beef. They like milk and dairy produce but not alcohol. They educate both boys and girls and they do family planning as well as using modern medicines.

The Halwai are endogamous, which means they do not marry outside of the group. They believe in monogamy. Divorce is permitted and divorcees and the bereaved can marry again. They use a dowry. Property is equally given to the sons. The oldest son becomes the main one in the home. Younger men often move away to begin a business.

Most of the Halwai are comfortable financially and some are wealthy particularly in the cities and towns. (They need to realize that wealth is temporary but Salvation through Jesus Christ is permanent).

What are their beliefs?
The Halwai are mainly Hindu and worship all the main Hindu gods such as Shiva, Rama and Krishna. A Brahmin priest does birth, marriage and death ceremonies. The dead are cremated and the ashes immersed in a river with the Ganges being the favorite. Post delivery child birth pollution and death pollution are observed for a given period of time.

The Halwai celebrate all the main Hindu festivals such as Holi and Diwali. They do pilgrimages to certain places.


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Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2009-08-24
Global Prayer Digest: 2016-09-23
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Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: South Asia
Persecution Rank:11 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:1,368,000
Largest States:
Bihar (531,000)West Bengal (403,000)
Uttar Pradesh (307,000)Jharkhand (101,000)
Madhya Pradesh (5,700)Odisha (5,400)
Chhattisgarh (4,600)Maharashtra (2,900)
Uttarakhand (1,800)Andaman and Nicobar Islands (1,400)
Total States on file:20
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Halwai (Hindu traditions)
People Name General: Halwai (Hindu traditions)
Alternate People Names:
हलवाई (हिंदू ट्रेडिशन्स)
ROP3 Code: 112199
Joshua Project People ID: 16905
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 1,368,000
Population all Countries: 1,526,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: Hindi
People Name General: Halwai (Hindu traditions)
Ethnic Code: CNN25c
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Hindi (716,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): hin    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Bengali (362,000)Maithili (97,000)
Bhojpuri (86,000)Awadhi (50,000)
Magahi (23,000)Kanauji (11,000)
Angika (5,000)Odia (3,900)
Chhattisgarhi (3,000)Bagheli (2,200)
Note: Only 10 largest secondary languages listed
Total Languages: 20
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.00 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism100.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 2   Less than 2% Evangelical. Initial (localized) church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1806-1962
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 1818-2000
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsOnline Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoA Beautiful Hope (
Film / VideoA Pilgrimage (
Film / VideoAasha - Hope (
Film / VideoCoconuts (
Film / VideoCreation to Christ (
Film / VideoFathers Love Letter
Film / VideoFollowing Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / VideoHaqeeqat Episode 6 (
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Hindi
Film / VideoMagdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoMy Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / VideoRivka (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / VideoTen Virgins (
Film / VideoThe Final Prodigal (
Film / VideoThe Hope Video: View in Hindi
Film / VideoThe Price of Life (
Film / VideoYeshu Satsang (
GeneralBible Visuals
GeneralFour Spiritual Laws
GeneralGod's Simple Plan
GeneralGot Questions Ministry
GeneralYeshu Samaj
Mobile AppDownload Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed MatterBible
Text / Printed MatterBible: Hindi Holy Bible
Text / Printed MatterBibles, Bible League
Text / Printed MatterChrist for the Nations
Text / Printed MatterEasyBibles
Text / Printed MatterEasyBibles
Text / Printed MatterHindi Bible
Text / Printed MatterInternational Bible Society
Text / Printed MatterOneHope resources for children and youth
Text / Printed MatterOnline Bible (Bibles India)
Text / Printed MatterWorld Missionary Press Booklets
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Halwai (Hindu traditions) in India

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Hindi     South Asia    
      Halwai (Hindu traditions) India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Halwai (Hindu traditions) in India          
      Religion Language  
      Hinduism     Hindi  
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