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Kaibartta in India

Kaibartta

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
2,061,000 Bengali Hinduism 0.00 % 0.00 %   

Kaibartta in India

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Introduction / History
The Kaibartta's primary occupation has been that of fishermen since their earliest days. In fact, their name may have originated from the words "ka," which means water, and either "vrit," which means to exist, or "varta" meaning livelihood. Thus, the name of the people group communicates that their livelihood is dependent upon water. Their occupations should serve as a natural bridge to messages of the Bible that speak of fish and fishermen, primarily the ones dealing with Jesus calling some fishermen to become his evangelistic disciples, and thus "fishers of men."

From a cultural standpoint, the Kaibartta are a despised people. Some people in India view them as primitive, uncultured, and tribal. India has numerous castes and some people view the Kaibartta as one of the lowest castes. The Kaibartta women do not participate in political or religious activities. Elderly men make judicial decisions in their communities. Thus, Christians should share the Gospel through the men before they do so with the women.

William Carey came from England to India as a missionary in 1793. Heralded as the "Father of Modern Missions," Carey worked in and near Calcutta, which is the largest city in which Kaibartta reside, though it is currently unknown if Carey had contact with the Kaibartta. Most likely, Carey led Indians to Christ who eventually led some Kaibartta people to Christ.

Furthermore, Kaibartta people did live and fish in the marshy land of Serampore, where Carey spent most of his time. The concentrations of Christians in India are mainly in South India and within the tribal people in East India, which is the region where most Kaibartta exist.

Where are they located?
The Kaibartta currently have a population of 2.4 million, 1.7 million of which live in India and the remainder live primarily in Bangladesh with a couple thousand in Nepal. Over 0.6 million Kaibartta live in the Indian state of Assam and over 0.5 million live in the state of West Bengal, which is where Calcutta (or Kolkata) is located. The remaining states of India where Kaibartta primarily live, in descending order, are Bihar, Orissa, Tripura, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh, Nagaland, Madhya Pradesh, and Maharashtra. Those eight states comprise a total population of 0.4 million Kaibartta.

It is estimated that the Kaibartta migrated from Burma and China to their current locations in India and Bangladesh around 2000 B.C. Thus, the Kaibartta have been entrenched within the East and Northeast parts of India for some time.

What are their lives like?
The national language of India is Hindi; however, the primary languages of the Kaibartta vary in accordance with their geographic locations. For instance, Kaibartta in Assam will speak the state's primary language, Assamese, while Kaibartta in West Bengal will speak that state's primary language, Bengali. Furthermore, each Indian state possesses several dialects of these primary languages: Jharwa (Pidgin), Mayang, Western Assamese, and so on. It is thought that the main dialect of Kaibartta in Assam is Western Assamese.

For evangelistic purposes, it would be wise to learn at least one of the primary languages of Assamese or Bengali, not only because they are common but also because the complete Bible has been translated into both languages. However, the majority of Kaibartta are illiterate, meaning not many can even use a Bible.

What are their beliefs?
The Kaibartta are a Hindu people. They recognize the existence of the Hindu gods, and even lay claim to one - Vasuli Devi - as their primary Hindu god, paying their homage to him every April in a dance called "Chaiti Ghoda Naacha." Yet, underneath the veneer of Hinduism, the Kaibartta also believe in the existence of spirits, and therefore, are rightly considered by some to be animists.

The Kaibartta are more fervent for animism than for Hinduism, and therefore, are not orthodox Hindus. Yet, their fervency for Vasuli Devi as well as other spirits ought to suggest, again, that the presentation of the Gospel ought to begin with a recognition of spirits and an introduction to the Supreme God over these spirits. Beginning at or even before creation would probably not be perceived as foreign or alien to the Kaibartta.

Kaibartta enjoy festive dances. As already mentioned, the dance "Chaiti Ghoda Naacha" is the dance to Vasuli Devi, and is the people's most favorite and famous dance. One male and one female dress in colorful attire and sing and dance around a wooden or bamboo horse, which is an idol of Vasuli Devi.

Another dance that is near to the affections of the Kaibartta is the "Chaiti Parva," a dance that worships boats. The Kaibartta enjoy this dance so much because it does not require the presence of a Brahmin to perform, but also because the main occupation of the Kaibartta is fishing.

Kaibartta folklore tells of a story about how the supreme god made man out of the dirt of his ear; man is subsequently saved by this god from a gigantic fish. Afterwards, the Kaibartta were given a goddess horse to be the primary deity, and the horse died! Only through worshiping this goddess do the Kaibartta believe they can receive salvation.

What are their needs?
Three needs the Kaibartta are facing are illiteracy, economic freedom from the diku oppression, and increased community solidity. The majority of Kaibartta are illiterate.

Kaibartta society is currently being threatened by a group of upper-caste peoples called "dikus." These "dikus" are attempting to claim fishing rights over certain rivers that rightfully belong to the Kaibartta. If there is one need which the Kaibartta would request immediate assistance from outsiders, it would be this need to be freed from the upper-caste economic oppression.

Prayer Points
"Lord, for each person of the Kaibartta, please ...
* Let each one of them hear the name of Jesus at least once.
* Bring whole villages and families to salvation in You.
* Free them from idolatry, evil spirits, and Satan's power.
* Create churches that are pure, culturally relevant, and multiplicative.
* Decrease their illiteracy by giving them a hunger to understand and obey Your written Word.
* Deepen the 200 known Kaibartta Christians' walks with You and motivate them to witness to others.
* Bless them with the provision of employment, using it to improve their societies and provide their "daily bread."
* Raise up believers among the Kaibartta to lead other people groups in India, Bangladesh, and beyond to salvation in You."

View Kaibartta in all countries.

Prayer Links  
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Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: South Asia
Persecution Rank:15 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:2,061,000
Largest States:
Assam (797,000)West Bengal (680,000)
Bihar (286,000)Odisha (127,000)
Tripura (97,000)Jharkhand (17,000)
Uttar Pradesh (7,500)Madhya Pradesh (6,700)
Nagaland (6,500)Maharashtra (6,100)
Total States on file:32
   
 
Maps
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
 
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Kaibartta
People Name General: Kaibartta
Alternate People Names:
Adi KaibarttaBamunia
GhunnyaHaridhania
Jala KaibarttaJali
JaliaJalia Kaibarta
Jalia KaibarttaJaliya
JeleKaibaratta
KaibartaNadial
Shudra DasShudradas
ROP3 Code: 112347
Joshua Project People ID: 17016
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 2,061,000
Population all Countries: 2,525,000
Least-Reached: Yes
   
 
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: Bengali
People Name General: Kaibartta
Ethnic Code: CNN25b
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
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Primary Language: Bengali (863,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): ben    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Assamese (643,000)Hindi (213,000)
Odia (103,000)Maithili (100,000)
Magahi (3,900)Angika (500)
Andaman Creole Hindi (300)Chhattisgarhi (300)
Kurux (200)Mundari (200)
Note: Only 10 largest secondary languages listed
Total Languages: 17
   
 
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.00 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism100.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-ReligiousUnknown 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
 
 
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1800-1980
New Testament:
1801-1984Audio
Complete Bible: 1809-2000
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsBengali Bible stories
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament - Bangla Version (F ...
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament - Mussolmani Versio ...
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament- Common Version (FC ...
Audio RecordingsOnline Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio RecordingsOral Bible stories in Bengali
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoFollowing Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / VideoI Am Guilty (Indigitube.tv)
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Bengali
Film / VideoMagdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoMy Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / VideoRivka (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / VideoThe Burning Heart (Indigitube.tv)
Film / VideoThe Prophets Story (Indigitube.tv)
GeneralBible Visuals
GeneralFour Spiritual Laws
GeneralGods Simple Plan
GeneralGot Questions Ministry
Text / Printed MatterBible-in-Your-Language
Text / Printed MatterBible: Mussulmani-Bangla, Kitabul Mukkad ...
Text / Printed MatterBible: Standard Bangla Common Language
Text / Printed MatterBible: কিতাবুল মোক ...
Text / Printed MatterBibles, Bible League
Text / Printed MatterChrist for the Nations
Text / Printed MatterEasyBibles
Text / Printed MatterInternational Bible Society
Text / Printed MatterOneHope resources for children and youth
Text / Printed MatterWorld Missionary Press Booklets
 
 
Ministry Activity
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Networking: Visit LinkingGlobalVoices.org for networking possibilities.
Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
 
Data Notes
Data Sources
 
 

Kaibartta in India

Peoples
               
Geographic
Global                 Global
           
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
           
   
People Cluster
       
Region
   
    Bengali     South Asia    
     
People-Group-Across-Countries
   
Country
   
      Kaibartta India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Kaibartta in India          
      Religion Language  
      Hinduism     Bengali  
    Global    
Language
 
    All Religions                              
   
Religion
                             

Direct link:  http://legacy.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?peo3=17016&rog3=IN