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Khandait in India


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Khandait in India map

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
1,725,000 Odia Hinduism 0.05 % Unknown   

Khandait in India

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Introduction / History
The Khandai or Kandayat were traditionally soldiers and landowners in east India. "Khandai" means man of the sword or landowner. When the Moguls conquered the Orissa area, many Khandai lost their land holdings to the new rulers. They joined the Moguls' armies and regained some of the territory they had lost. During the British period, the Khandai continued to serve as military officers and soldiers.

Today the Khandai are landowners who generally have lower castes farm their property. They serve in the Indian Army and in police forces. Education is a high priority in Khandai families. Khandai have gained the highest political positions in Orissa and West Bengal.

The vast majority of Khandai speak Odia and Bengali. Most educated Khandai also speak Hindi so they can communicate with Indian citizens from central and north India.

Where are they located?
Most Khandai live in the east Indian states of Orissa and West Bengal.

What are their lives like?
The Khandai are a Forward caste so they are not eligible for special positions in schools and government. The Khandai own land and fill high levels in east Indian society. They work in government, the military, education and business.

The Khandai marry within their gotra or clan. Cousin marriages are common. Sons inherit property with the eldest son getting the home of his parents. Brahmin priests officiate at the life rituals of birth, weddings and death. The Khandai cremate their dead.

What are their beliefs?
The Khandai are almost all Hindus. They worship and serve the gods of the Hindu pantheon. They celebrate the Hindu holidays such as Holi, the festival of colors, Diwali, the festival of light and Navratri, the festival for the coming of spring.

What are their needs?
The Khandai need to realize that they are sinners in need of a Savior. They need to be willing to humble themselves and see that the gods of Hinduism will not save them.

Prayer Points
* Pray the Lord leads Christians to make friends with the Khandai and show them the love and care of Christ.
* Pray the Khandia would be dissatisfied with Hinduism and open to the teachings of the Bible.
* Pray God moves many Khandai to become Christians and that Bible believing churches are planted in their community.


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Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2007-09-22
Global Prayer Digest: 2009-09-09
Global Prayer Digest: 2016-09-14
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Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: South Asia
Persecution Rank:11 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:1,725,000
Largest States:
Odisha (1,401,000)West Bengal (251,000)
Jharkhand (26,000)Chhattisgarh (17,000)
Assam (11,000)Andhra Pradesh (11,000)
Delhi (1,600)Bihar (900)
Maharashtra (900)Andaman and Nicobar Islands (800)
Total States on file:25
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Khandait
People Name General: Khandait
Alternate People Names:
KhandayatMahanayaka Khandayata
Mahanayaka Khyatriyaखंदाित
ROP3 Code: 112500
Joshua Project People ID: 17150
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 1,725,000
Population all Countries: 1,727,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: Bengali
People Name General: Khandait
Ethnic Code: CNN25l
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Odia (1,369,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): ory    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Bengali (274,000)Hindi (65,000)
Assamese (8,000)Chhattisgarhi (3,100)
Kui (1,400)Santhali (1,000)
Maithili (900)Magahi (600)
Ho (500)Telugu (500)
Note: Only 10 largest secondary languages listed
Total Languages: 19
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.05 %(Evangelical: Data not available)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism99.95 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 2   Less than 2% Evangelical. Initial (localized) church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1811-1956
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 1815-2004
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsOnline Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoFollowing Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Odia
Film / VideoMagdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoMy Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / VideoRivka (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
GeneralFour Spiritual Laws
GeneralGod's Simple Plan
GeneralGot Questions Ministry
Mobile AppDownload Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed MatterBible
Text / Printed MatterBible: ODIA - Oriya
Text / Printed MatterBibles, Bible League
Text / Printed MatterOneHope resources for children and youth
Text / Printed MatterOnline Bible (Bibles India)
Text / Printed MatterWorld Missionary Press Booklets
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Khandait in India

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Bengali     South Asia    
      Khandait India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Khandait in India          
      Religion Language  
      Hinduism     Odia  
    All Religions                              

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