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Khangar (Hindu traditions) in India

Khangar (Hindu traditions)

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Khangar (Hindu traditions) in India map

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
352,000 Hindi Hinduism 0.00 % 0.00 %   

Khangar (Hindu traditions) in India

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Introduction / History
The Khangar get their ancestry from Khet Singh and Bhopat Singh of the Grah Kundal state of Tikamgarh. That status is not accepted by the higher castes who believe they are lower or middle in class. They are called Khangur Thakur in Uttar Pradesh. They are calkled Rajthakur in Bihar and Gohenja in Kota, Rajasthan. They also have other names which are Khara, Kharal, Kharwal, Khengor, Khand, Kotpal, Kotwar, Rao Khangad, Roy and Rawat.

The word Khangar has come from the words Dhoran and Khang which mean sword bearer. They are believed to be bold. They are classed as a Scheduled Caste in Madya Pradesh and Rajasthan. This status is given to lower castes who have been oppressed for a long period of time. This new status gives them government jobs and reserved seats in legislature among other opportunities.

What are their lives like?
The Khangur speak local dialects and Hindi and write in Devanagari. In Bihar they speak Hindi. In Madya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh they speak Bundelkhandi, a form of Hindi. Food and water is accepted by them from higher communities but higher castes usually do not accept cooked food from them.

The main work of the Khangar is agriculture. In Madya Pradesh weaving has been the main work though many have turned to other things such as cloth selling, cosmetic selling, manufacturing and tailor work as the profits are greater. Most Khangar own some land but in Bihar they usually have no land and work as farm laborers. Some work for the government and in the construction industry among other things. At village level they have political leaders. Literacy is lower than the average nationally, particularly in Bihar where girls especially are not sent to school. They believe in family planning, modern medicines, development programs and loans except in Bihar. The Khangur eat such things as chicken, pork and fish but not beef due to their religious beliefs. They also eat food like wheat, rice, seasonal vegetables and milk products and fruit. They drink alcohol and smoke rolled and dried Tendu leaves called Bidis and chew tobacco.

The Khangar are endogamous, marrying partners from the same group. Marriages are arranged by relatives. Adult marriages happen more now but child marriages are common in Rajasthan. Marriage is from twelve to twenty for boys and from ten to sixteen for girls. Polygamy does not happen often. Marriage ceremonies are done in the home of the bride by a Brahmin priest and the couples live with the family of the husband or nearby. Dowry is preferred. Divorce is acceptable from either the man or the woman. Divorcees and the bereaved can marry again. If a married woman elopes, the man she eloped with has to pay compensation to the husband. Only males receive an inheritance. Money can be saved for an unmarried daughter. The eldest son succeeds his father as leader of the home. Women are lower than men and take part in domestic, religious social and money matters. The Khagar have traditional caste councils called Jati Panchayats. They deal with lesser civil and criminal matters.

What are their beliefs?
The Khangar are Hindus. They worship family, clan and regional gods and goddesses such as Balaji, Rama and Shiva. They believe in ancestor worship too. They bring in sorcerers and witchdoctors called Bhopa who they believe will get rid of evil spirits.

The Khangar use a Brahmin priest to cremate the dead and they have birth and death pollution periods. They celebrate the festivals of Diwali, Holi, Janamashtami and Rakshabandhan.


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  Submit Update:
Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: South Asia
Persecution Rank:11 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:352,000
Largest States:
Madhya Pradesh (188,000)Uttar Pradesh (138,000)
Rajasthan (9,500)Odisha (7,800)
Chhattisgarh (3,400)Maharashtra (3,200)
Jharkhand (700)Bihar (700)
Delhi (100)Chandigarh (60)
Total States on file:12
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Khangar (Hindu traditions)
People Name General: Khangar (Hindu traditions)
Alternate People Names:
KhangheraKshatriya Kangar
Kshatriya KhangarMandal
Mirdhaखांगर (हिंदू ट्रेडिशन्स)
ROP3 Code: 112501
Joshua Project People ID: 17151
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 352,000
Population all Countries: 352,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: Hindi
People Name General: Khangar (Hindu traditions)
Ethnic Code: CNN25g
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Hindi (308,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): hin    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Bundeli (22,000)Odia (7,700)
Dhundari (3,400)Haroti: Harauti (1,800)
Chhattisgarhi (1,800)Kanauji (1,200)
Malvi (500)Marathi (400)
Awadhi (300)Angika (300)
Note: Only 10 largest secondary languages listed
Total Languages: 21
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.01 % 
Christianity0.00 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism99.98 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 2   Less than 2% Evangelical. Initial (localized) church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1806-1962
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 1818-2000
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsOnline Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoA Beautiful Hope (
Film / VideoA Pilgrimage (
Film / VideoAasha - Hope (
Film / VideoCoconuts (
Film / VideoCreation to Christ (
Film / VideoFathers Love Letter
Film / VideoFollowing Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / VideoHaqeeqat Episode 6 (
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Hindi
Film / VideoMagdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoMy Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / VideoRivka (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / VideoTen Virgins (
Film / VideoThe Final Prodigal (
Film / VideoThe Hope Video: View in Hindi
Film / VideoThe Price of Life (
Film / VideoYeshu Satsang (
GeneralBible Visuals
GeneralFour Spiritual Laws
GeneralGod's Simple Plan
GeneralGot Questions Ministry
GeneralYeshu Samaj
Mobile AppDownload Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed MatterBible
Text / Printed MatterBible: Hindi Holy Bible
Text / Printed MatterBible: Hindi Holy Bible
Text / Printed MatterBibles, Bible League
Text / Printed MatterChrist for the Nations
Text / Printed MatterEasyBibles
Text / Printed MatterEasyBibles
Text / Printed MatterHindi Bible
Text / Printed MatterInternational Bible Society
Text / Printed MatterOneHope resources for children and youth
Text / Printed MatterOnline Bible (Bibles India)
Text / Printed MatterWorld Missionary Press Booklets
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Khangar (Hindu traditions) in India

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