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Kandra in India

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Kandra in India map

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
741,000 Odia Hinduism 0.10 % Unknown   

Kandra in India

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Introduction / History
The Kandra or Kandara are a people group who live in east central India near rivers and the Indian Ocean. Their name means "tendon." They qualify as a scheduled caste, which gives them special preferences in public jobs and university admission. In a recent survey only 68% of men and 50% of Kandra women could read and write. Other Hindus see most Kandra as Dalits or Untouchables. Often the Kandra are denied entrance to Hindu temples. Brahmins priests do not offer their services to Dalits.

The main occupations of the Kandra are makers of bamboo items, fishing, security guards and landless agricultural workers.

The primary language of the Kandra is Odia. Some others speak Bengali and other regional languages.

Where are they located?
The large majority of the Kandra people live in the Indian states of Odisha and West Bengal. Smaller pockets of Kandra live in other Indian states.

What are their lives like?
The life of the typical Kandra family is not easy. Their traditional jobs of makers of inexpensive bamboo items and as farm workers on other castes' land have given way to becoming fishermen. Kandra men fish in the waters of the Bay of Bengal and in the rivers of Odisha and West Bengal states. When fishing is good, the Kandra can make ends meet. When fishing is bad, they starve. With little education, they will take any job that can bring money to their families. Illiteracy is a major problem. Unfortunately, many of their children do not attend school or attend school for at most a few years. Some Kandra men watch the property and land of higher castes as guards.

The Kandra are endogamous, that is they marry within their own group. Cousin marriages are popular. Sons inherit what little property that owned by their fathers. Their own priests conduct important life ceremonies like births, wedding and funerals as Brahmin priests refuse to associate with the Dalit Kandra.

What are their beliefs?
The Kandra are almost all Hindus. Hinduism is the ancient religion of India. The Kandra worship and serve the gods of the Hindu pantheon. They give special attention to Vishnu, the preserver god. They offer food, flowers and incense at their shrines because they are often not allowed into Hindu temples. The goal of the Hindu is to escape the endless cycle of birth, death and rebirth through the performance of rituals and good deeds.

The Kandra participate in the yearly Hindu holidays of Holi, the festival of colors, Diwali, the festival of lights and Navratri, the nine-day celebration of autumn.

What are their needs?
The Kandra have many pressing needs. Most of all they need to hear the life-changing message of Jesus Christ in a way they can understand. They need to see the love and mercy of Christ lived out before them by Christians. The Kandra need help in educating their children. They need job training so they can make a decent living.

Prayer Points
* Pray for Kandra families to be drawn to Jesus and to the Bible to find out more about this man, Jesus.
* Pray for discovery Bible studies to spread rapidly as they bless Kandra families and communities.
* Pray the Lord will give the Kandra understanding and responsive hearts as they hear about the love of Christ.
* Pray the Lord moves Christian workers to live among and reach out to the Kandra.


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  Submit Update:
Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: South Asia
Persecution Rank:11 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:741,000
Largest States:
Odisha (602,000)West Bengal (119,000)
Chhattisgarh (8,200)Andhra Pradesh (4,600)
Assam (2,800)Jharkhand (1,500)
Tripura (900)Manipur (700)
Maharashtra (300)Bihar (300)
Total States on file:22
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Kandra
People Name General: Kandra
Alternate People Names:
ROP3 Code: 112585
Joshua Project People ID: 17219
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 741,000
Population all Countries: 741,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: Oriya
People Name General: Kandra
Ethnic Code: AUG06z
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Odia (587,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): ory    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Bengali (113,000)Hindi (23,000)
Kuvi (5,900)Kui (3,800)
Santhali (1,400)Assamese (1,200)
Chhattisgarhi (1,100)Mundari: Bhumij (600)
Telugu (500)Kurux (400)
Note: Only 10 largest secondary languages listed
Total Languages: 16
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.13 % 
Christianity0.10 %(Evangelical: Data not available)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism99.77 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 4   Greater than or equal to 2% Evangelical
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1811-1956
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 1815-2004
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsOnline Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoFollowing Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Odia
Film / VideoMagdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoMy Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / VideoRivka (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
GeneralFour Spiritual Laws
GeneralGod's Simple Plan
GeneralGot Questions Ministry
Mobile AppDownload Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed MatterBible
Text / Printed MatterBible: ODIA - Oriya
Text / Printed MatterBibles, Bible League
Text / Printed MatterOneHope resources for children and youth
Text / Printed MatterOnline Bible (Bibles India)
Text / Printed MatterWorld Missionary Press Booklets
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Kandra in India

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Oriya     South Asia    
      Kandra India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Kandra in India          
      Religion Language  
      Hinduism     Odia  
    All Religions                              

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