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Korwa in India

Korwa

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Korwa in India map

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
479,000 Telugu Hinduism 1.12 % Unknown   

Korwa in India

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Introduction / History
The Korwa are one of the scheduled tribes of central India. They live in the hills, valleys, and forests of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, and Madhya Pradesh. They speak a Munda language, also called Korwa, which belongs to the Austro-Asiatic language family.

According to popular legend, the Korwa were the original inhabitants of the Surguja district in Madhya Pradesh. In the early 1900s they were leaders in the region and were dubbed as chiefs until more powerful and numerous conquerors invaded. They were later regarded as a wandering gang of looters. There remain two very distinct Korwa tribes: the Diharia (or Kisan), who are farmers, and the Paharia (or Benwaria), who live in the hills. These two tribes do not intermarry.

The Korwa are distinguished from other tribes by their savage appearance. They are short with stocky legs, appearing to be strong; yet, they are malnourished. The average height is only five feet three inches for men, and four feet nine inches for women.

What are their lives like?
The Korwa are primarily farmers and gatherers. They formerly used slash and burn agriculture, moving every two or three years to cultivate newly cleared plots. Rice, millet, and vegetables were the principal crops. Their income was supplemented by selling forest products, particularly firewood. In recent years, many have become settled farmers. The geographical isolation of the Paharia Korwa (hills dwellers) and the lack of communication have reduced most of them to the position of farm servants. Few of them own their own land. A major portion of their farm lands has been mortgaged to the neighboring tribal and non-tribal communities.

The Korwa in Surguja were once notorious lawbreakers known for robbing, stealing cattle, and even murdering. The state authorities compelled them to settle in the plains by supplying them with seed, land, and cattle. Today, the plains dwellers are relatively better off than those living in the hills, due to the fact that they have more contact with advanced ethnic groups. Still, the plains are not fertile and their annual yield is too small to be profitable, which accounts for their low standard of living.

The Korwa farmers have very little agricultural surplus to take to market. When they do go to market, cunning merchants often take advantage of their simplicity, lack of education and illiteracy, buying their products at absurdly low prices and making them loans at extremely high interest rates.

The Korwa wear very simple clothes. The women are tattooed, and neither the men nor women ever cut their hair. The plains dwellers live in villages that are mixed with other tribal groups. Wooden or bush fences surround their farms or homesteads. The Korwa who live in the hills still lead a semi-nomadic lifestyle.

The family is the basic social unit among the Korwa. They have a traditional family structure in which the father's word is law and is respected by all. Men and women are free to choose their own marriage partners, but a heavy bride price is required. Newlywed couples live with the grooms' parents until they are able to set up their own households. Men usually marry later in life because they have no means of supporting a family.

What are their beliefs?
Nearly one-third of the Korwa are Muslims, having been converted to Islam by Muslim merchants. The rest are ethnic religionists who have been heavily influenced by Hinduism. Their main tribal god is called Dulha Deo. Those who live in the Surguja district worship Khuria Rani, a goddess who requires animal sacrifices. They also practice ancestor worship, calling on the spirits of their ancestors for blessings and guidance. They regard fire as sacred. In fact, fires are kept burning 24 hours a day in their houses to keep evil spirits away.

What are their needs?
Prayer is the key to seeing these precious people reached with the Gospel.

Prayer Points
* Ask the Lord to call people who are willing to go to India and share Christ with the Korwa.
* Pray that God will raise up prayer teams who will begin breaking up the spiritual soil through worship and intercession
* Ask God use the small number of Korwa believers to share the Gospel with their friends and families.
* Pray for the salvation of key Korwa leaders who will boldly proclaim the Gospel among their own people.

View Korwa in all countries.

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Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: South Asia
Persecution Rank:15 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:479,000
Largest States:
Telangana (164,000)Chhattisgarh (117,000)
Karnataka (58,000)Assam (48,000)
Madhya Pradesh (45,000)Jharkhand (23,000)
Uttar Pradesh (8,600)West Bengal (6,400)
Odisha (1,800)Arunachal Pradesh (1,700)
Total States on file:20
   
 
Maps
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
 
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Korwa
People Name General: Korwa
Alternate People Names:
ArasamakkaluDiharia Korwa
DihariyaErakala
ErngaGangedula
JangaliKaikadi
Kisan KorwaKodaku
KormakarKormangta
KoruaKorvi
Singliकोरवा
ROP3 Code: 112644
Joshua Project People ID: 17273
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 479,000
Population all Countries: 481,000
Least-Reached: Yes
   
 
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: Munda-Santal
People Name General: Korwa
Ethnic Code: AUG04z
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
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Primary Language: Telugu (145,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): tel    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Hindi (124,000)Kannada (52,000)
Korwa (47,000)Assamese (33,000)
Chhattisgarhi (18,000)Bengali (13,000)
Tamil (6,700)Kurux (2,200)
Odia (2,100)Santhali (1,800)
Note: Only 10 largest secondary languages listed
Total Languages: 42
   
 
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.01 % 
Christianity1.12 %(Evangelical: Data not available)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism97.55 % 
Islam0.07 % 
Non-ReligiousUnknown 
Other / Small0.02 % 
Unknown1.24 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 3   Less than 2% Evangelical. Widespread church planting within past 2 years
 
 
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1812-1966
New Testament:
1818-1989Audio
Complete Bible: 1854-2002
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsFathers Love Letter
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsOnline Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio RecordingsOral Bible stories in Telugu
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoFollowing Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Telugu
Film / VideoMagdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoMy Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / VideoThe Hope Video
Film / VideoThe Pearl of Great Price (Indigitube.tv)
GeneralBible Visuals
GeneralFour Spiritual Laws
GeneralGods Simple Plan
GeneralGot Questions Ministry
Text / Printed MatterBible-in-Your-Language
Text / Printed MatterBibles, Bible League
Text / Printed MatterEasyBibles
Text / Printed MatterEasyBibles
Text / Printed MatterInternational Bible Society
Text / Printed MatterOneHope resources for children and youth
Text / Printed MatterWorld Missionary Press Booklets
 
 
Ministry Activity
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Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
 
Data Notes
Data Sources
 
 

Korwa in India

Peoples
               
Geographic
Global                 Global
           
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
           
   
People Cluster
       
Region
   
    Munda-Santal     South Asia    
     
People-Group-Across-Countries
   
Country
   
      Korwa India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Korwa in India          
      Religion Language  
      Hinduism     Telugu  
    Global    
Language
 
    All Religions                              
   
Religion
                             

Direct link:  http://legacy.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?peo3=17273&rog3=IN