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Kattunayakan in India

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Kattunayakan in India map

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
67,000 Tamil Hinduism 0.49 % Unknown   

Kattunayakan in India

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Introduction / History
The Kattunayakan are a tribal people who live in south India. Their name means "chiefs of the forest. They are believed to be among of the earliest inhabitants of south India. Their main livelihood is collecting and selling of honey. They also fish, hunt and collect forest products to eat and sell. The Kattunayakan are a scheduled caste meaning they are eligible for special consideration for public jobs and college admission.

The Kattunayakan are one of the few tribal peoples of India who still live as hunter-gatherers. The literacy rate is very low for both men and women. They practice traditional medicine and live without modern conveniences like electricity and indoor plumbing.

Where are they located?
The Kattunayakan live mainly in south Indian states of Tamil Nadu and Kerala. They live in deep forests and try to stay away from modern Indian society.

What are their lives like?
The Kattunayakan live much like their ancestors have for hundreds of years. The Kattunayakan like to live in separate family dwellings of about ten people. A council of elders makes decisions for the family groups. Honey plays a special role in their lives. They eat it, use it for medicine and trade it for things they need. The Kattunayakan can climb 20-30 meter trees in search of honey. One hive can yield over 25 pounds of honey. They get so many bee stings that their bodies develop immunity. Their main competition is bears, which they sometimes have to fight off to get the honey.

The Kattunayakan are known for their dancing and singing. They pass on their history and customs through song and dance. The Kattunayakan are monogamous with girls marrying when they reach puberty. The main languages that the Kattunayakan speak are Tamil and Telugu.

What are their beliefs?
The Kattunayakan practice folk religion with some elements of Hinduism. Their main god is a form of Shiva, the destroyer. They are animists who believe that spirits inhabit rocks, trees, rivers, snakes and other animals. The Kattunayakan believe in magic which many of their women practice. They perform rituals to protect themselves from evil spirits. They honor and venerate their ancestors. A small number of Kattunayakan have become Christians.

What are their needs?
The Kattunayakan need a stable source of income. When honey and forest products are available, they survive. When these items are not available, the Kattunayakan can starve. Most all of, the Kattunayakan need to hear the life-changing message of Jesus Christ in a way they can understand.

Prayer Points
* Pray the Lord leads some workers to live with the Kattunayakan to help them with learning how to read the Bible.
* Pray the tiny number of believers may be trained to share the gospel with their brothers and sisters.
* Pray that a strong movement to Jesus will bring whole Kattunayakan families and communities into a rich experience of God's blessing.


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  Submit Update:
Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: South Asia
Persecution Rank:11 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:67,000
Largest States:
Tamil Nadu (47,000)Kerala (19,000)
Puducherry (1,200)Karnataka (200)
Telangana (100)Andhra Pradesh (60)
Odisha (20)
Total States on file:7
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Kattunayakan
People Name General: Kattunayakan
Alternate People Names:
Jenu Koyyo SholanayakasJenu Kuruman
Jenu-KurubaKadu Kurumb
Kattu NaickanKattu Naicken
NaickanTen Kuruba
Ten KurumanTen Kurumban
ROP3 Code: 112684
Joshua Project People ID: 17305
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 67,000
Population all Countries: 67,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: Tamil
People Name General: Kattunayakan
Ethnic Code: CNN25r
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Tamil (27,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): tam    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Telugu (19,000)Malayalam (13,000)
Kannada (6,600)Bhili (500)
Marathi (300)Odia (70)
Gujarati (60)Tulu (40)
Hindi (40)English (Unknown)
Note: Only 10 largest secondary languages listed
Total Languages: 15
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.49 %(Evangelical: Data not available)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism99.14 % 
Islam0.10 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.01 % 
Unknown0.26 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1714-1956
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 1727-2002
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsFather's Love Letter
Audio RecordingsGeneral Ministry Resources
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsOnline Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio RecordingsOral Bible
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoFollowing Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / VideoGeneral Ministry Resources
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Tamil
Film / VideoMagdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoMy Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
GeneralBible Visuals
GeneralGod's Simple Plan
GeneralGot Questions Ministry
Mobile AppDownload Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed MatterBible
Text / Printed MatterBible: Old Version Bible
Text / Printed MatterBibles, Bible League
Text / Printed MatterEasyBibles
Text / Printed MatterOneHope resources for children and youth
Text / Printed MatterOnline Bible (Bibles India)
Text / Printed MatterWorld Missionary Press Booklets
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Kattunayakan in India

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Tamil     South Asia    
      Kattunayakan India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Kattunayakan in India          
      Religion Language  
      Hinduism     Tamil  
    All Religions                              

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