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Kuruba in India


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Kuruba in India map

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
4,230,000 Kannada Hinduism 1.03 % Unknown   

Kuruba in India

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Introduction / History
The Kuruba of India are one of the oldest people groups in the country. They live in Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra and Karnataka. The word Kuruba means warrior. They are farmers and shepherds by tradition as well as in the present day. The Kuruba speak Kannada, Marathi, Tamil and Telugu.

What are their lives like?
The Kuruba live in all regions of Karnataka. They read and write Kannada. The Kuruba are not vegetarians and they eat cereals such as rice and wheat. They are a people average in size. Marriage is allowed amongst cousins. Divorcees and the bereaved can marry again. Property goes to the sons when the father dies. There is a birth pollution that is regarded for nine days and the ceremony of naming the baby takes place on the tenth day. The couple is married at the home of the bridegroom. Their dead are buried and there is a ten day death pollution period. They use modern medicine and do family planning. In addition to farming, they weave rough blankets made of wool.

In Tamil Nadu, the Kuruba speak Kannada with members of their family but can speak Tamil and they read and write Tamil. The oldest son becomes in charge of the family when the father dies while the property is given equally to all the sons. They bury their dead. Besides shepherding, the Kuruba are in several other types of work.

What are their beliefs?
They are Hindus and worship the god Shiva and celebrate traditional festivals such as Mailara Jaatre.

Prayer Points
Hinduism, especially when devoutly followed, is an obstacle to the gospel but many are coming to Jesus Christ in India when they see the reality of Christianity. More prayer is needed here.

Singh, K. S., ed. "India's Communities A-Z", Oxford University Press, USA 1999

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Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2015-09-12
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Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: South Asia
Persecution Rank:11 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:4,230,000
Largest States:
Karnataka (3,407,000)Tamil Nadu (753,000)
Maharashtra (32,000)Andhra Pradesh (22,000)
Chhattisgarh (4,700)Telangana (3,700)
Kerala (2,700)Puducherry (1,800)
Goa (1,400)Delhi (500)
Total States on file:13
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Kuruba
People Name General: Kuruba
Alternate People Names:
ROP3 Code: 112719
Joshua Project People ID: 17336
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 4,230,000
Population all Countries: 4,230,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: Kannada
People Name General: Kuruba
Ethnic Code: CNN23a
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Kannada (3,244,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): kan    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Tamil (371,000)Telugu (284,000)
Kurumba, Kannada (273,000)Konkani (7,600)
Tulu (5,700)Kurumba, Jennu (3,300)
Kurumba, Alu (2,800)Konkani, Goan (1,800)
Malayalam (1,800)Bellari (1,500)
Note: Only 10 largest secondary languages listed
Total Languages: 16
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity1.03 %(Evangelical: Data not available)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism98.77 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.03 % 
Unknown0.17 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 3   Less than 2% Evangelical. Widespread church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1812-1988
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 1831-2000
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsFather's Love Letter
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsOnline Scripture / Bible
Audio RecordingsOral Bible stories in Kannada
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoFollowing Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Kannada
Film / VideoMagdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoMy Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
GeneralFour Spiritual Laws
GeneralGot Questions Ministry
Mobile AppDownload Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed MatterBible
Text / Printed MatterBible: ಕನ್ನಡ - Kannada
Text / Printed MatterBibles, Bible League
Text / Printed MatterInternational Bible Society
Text / Printed MatterOneHope resources for children and youth
Text / Printed MatterWorld Missionary Press Booklets
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Kuruba in India

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Kannada     South Asia    
      Kuruba India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Kuruba in India          
      Religion Language  
      Hinduism     Kannada  
    All Religions                              

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