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Lingayat in India

Lingayat

Send us a photo of this people.  [1]

Lingayat in India map

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
1,710,000 Kannada Other / Small 0.02 % Unknown   

Lingayat in India

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Introduction / History
The Lingayat people are known for wearing a linga, an object representing a god; in this case, Shiva. They are a numerous group in India, especially in the state of Karnataka.

This group formed in the 12th century by Basava, a philosopher and a social reformer. He taught against the caste system and its regulations. He envisioned a casteless society, though the resulting society eventually began drawing up lines of caste distinctions again, creating their own hierarchy of social status after Basava's death.

Basava consented to the marriage of a Brahmin woman and a man from an untouchable caste. This story reached the ears of King Bijjala who punished the couple by putting out their eyes and dragging them to their deaths behind an elephant. Basava saw this punishment as unacceptable and left Kayla. He moved on to Kudula Sangama where he died in 1167.

Where are they located?
They are found primarily in Karnataka, where they comprise a major population. They are also found in significant numbers in Maharashtra and Andrah Pradesh.

What are their lives like?
The Lingyat are vegetarian and refrain from alcoholic drinks. They are known to be a progressive people and there are people from many walks of life and religious expression to be found among them. Most work in government service, but they are from many occupations, including artisans, cultivators and priests.

What are their beliefs?
They have a series of initiatory rites, including Lingadharane, the bestowing of the linga. This rite is usually performed within the first week of a child's life. From this day forward, the person will wear the stone as an act of worship of the god (Shiva), in a box around their neck. The linga is not seen as a mere representation of god, but rather god himself.

They adore Shiva, but Basava taught that his worshipers should worship him alone rather than numerous gods. Lingayats reject polytheism and the Vedas and follow the teachings of the Vachana sahitya instead.

References
Sources:
1. K. S. Singh, ed., India's Communities A-Z, Oxford University Press, USA (June 3, 1999) ISBN-10: 0195633547
2. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lingayatism
3. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Basava
4. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vachanas
5.http://goo.gl/BRgiO

View Lingayat in all countries.

Prayer Links  
PrayerGuard.net
Global Prayer Digest: 2006-09-25
Global Prayer Digest: 2007-09-09
Global Prayer Digest: 2010-10-09
Global Prayer Digest: 2015-09-10
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Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: South Asia
Persecution Rank:15 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:1,710,000
Largest States:
Karnataka (1,366,000)Telangana (176,000)
Maharashtra (92,000)Tamil Nadu (40,000)
Andhra Pradesh (16,000)Kerala (6,900)
Gujarat (4,300)Delhi (3,200)
Madhya Pradesh (1,000)Uttar Pradesh (600)
Total States on file:31
   
 
Maps
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
 
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Lingayat
People Name General: Lingayat
Alternate People Names:
BanajigaHugar
JangamJeer
JirKuruhinashetti
LinganganiLingawant
NagarthaNai
SivabhaktaVeerasaiva
लिंगायत
ROP3 Code: 112764
Joshua Project People ID: 17372
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 1,710,000
Population all Countries: 1,710,000
Least-Reached: Yes
   
 
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: Kannada
People Name General: Lingayat
Ethnic Code: CNN23a
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
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Primary Language: Kannada (1,343,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): kan    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Telugu (168,000)Marathi (41,000)
Konkani (24,000)Tulu (19,000)
Tamil (10,000)English (1,400)
Hindi (1,000)Konkani, Goan (900)
Malayalam (700)Gujarati (400)
Note: Only 10 largest secondary languages listed
Total Languages: 14
   
 
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Other / Small
Religion Sub-division:Lingayat
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.02 %(Evangelical: Data not available)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small100.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 3   Less than 2% Evangelical. Widespread church planting within past 2 years
 
 
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1812-1988
New Testament:
1823-1995Audio
Complete Bible: 1831-2000
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsFathers Love Letter
Audio RecordingsKannada Bible stories
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsOnline Scripture / Bible
Audio RecordingsOral Bible stories in Kannada
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoFollowing Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Kannada
Film / VideoMagdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoMy Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
GeneralFour Spiritual Laws
GeneralGot Questions Ministry
Text / Printed MatterBibles, Bible League
Text / Printed MatterInternational Bible Society
Text / Printed MatterOneHope resources for children and youth
Text / Printed MatterWorld Missionary Press Booklets
 
 
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources
 
 

Lingayat in India

Peoples
               
Geographic
Global                 Global
           
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
           
   
People Cluster
       
Region
   
    Kannada     South Asia    
     
People-Group-Across-Countries
   
Country
   
      Lingayat India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Lingayat in India          
      Religion Language  
      Other / Small     Kannada  
    Global    
Language
 
    All Religions                              
   
Religion
                             

Direct link:  http://legacy.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?peo3=17372&rog3=IN