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Paraiyan in India


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Paraiyan in India map

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
3,085,000 Tamil Hinduism 25.73 % Unknown   

Paraiyan in India

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Introduction / History
The Paraiyan of India are also called Parayan. It has been said that Paraiyan is a Tamil word meaning drums and comes from the word Parai. They play the drums at weddings and other occasions too. They are Hindus by religion.

In Tamil Nadu, the Paraiyan speak in Tamil. They are small to medium in size. They are not vegetarians and they eat beef and pork as well as other meats. Rice is a main cereal with them. Marriages with cousins are favored. They live off the land and cultivation is their main work. The women help with agriculture. They believe in education. Traditional and modern medicines are used as well as family planning.

The Paraiyan in Kerala have migrated from Tamil Nadu. They do basket work, agricultural work and play the drums. Perakuttu is one of their Hindu gods. They believe in having their children educated.

In Pondicherry, as with the other Paraiya, about a third of them can read and write. The gospel may need to be given in oral form also. The Paraiyan also live in the state of Karnataka.

Prayer Points
* Pray that God gives the Paraiyan dreams and visions leading them to Jesus Christ.
* Pray that gospel materials will bring them to Jesus Christ.

Singh, K. S., ed. "India's Communities A-Z", Oxford University Press, USA 1999

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  Submit Update:
Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: South Asia
Persecution Rank:11 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:3,085,000
Largest States:
Tamil Nadu (2,557,000)Kerala (410,000)
Andhra Pradesh (49,000)Puducherry (31,000)
Maharashtra (16,000)Delhi (6,400)
Telangana (4,600)Karnataka (4,400)
Haryana (1,600)Madhya Pradesh (800)
Total States on file:25
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Paraiyan
People Name General: Paraiyan
Alternate People Names:
Christian Adi DravidaParayan
Parayan ChristianPariah
SambavarSambavar Christian
Veppur Parayanपरैयाँ
ROP3 Code: 113318
Joshua Project People ID: 17844
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 3,085,000
Population all Countries: 3,204,000
Least-Reached: No
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: Tamil
People Name General: Paraiyan
Ethnic Code: CNN23c
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Tamil (2,706,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): tam    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Malayalam (362,000)Telugu (14,000)
English (3,200)Konkani (2,300)
Kannada (800)Tulu (100)
Total Languages: 7
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.03 % 
Christianity25.73 %(Evangelical: Data not available)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism74.23 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.01 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Evangelicals have only a very small representation among all who claim to be Christians.
Least-Reached: No
GSEC Status:Level 4   Greater than or equal to 2% Evangelical
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1714-1956
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 1727-2002
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsFathers Love Letter
Audio RecordingsGeneral Ministry Resources
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsOnline Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio RecordingsOral Bible
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoFollowing Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / VideoGeneral Ministry Resources
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Tamil
Film / VideoMagdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoMy Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
GeneralBible Visuals
GeneralGod's Simple Plan
GeneralGot Questions Ministry
Mobile AppDownload Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed MatterBible
Text / Printed MatterBible: Old Version Bible
Text / Printed MatterBibles, Bible League
Text / Printed MatterEasyBibles
Text / Printed MatterOneHope resources for children and youth
Text / Printed MatterOnline Bible (Bibles India)
Text / Printed MatterWorld Missionary Press Booklets
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Paraiyan in India

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Tamil     South Asia    
      Paraiyan India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Paraiyan in India          
      Religion Language  
      Hinduism     Tamil  
    All Religions                              

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