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Parja in India


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Parja in India map

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
565,000 Odia Hinduism 3.29 % Unknown   

Parja in India

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Introduction / History
The Parja are thought to be from the Ghond tribes and are mostly in the Central province(s) of India. The name Parja comes from the Sanskrit language. In parts of the Bastar region they are called Dhurwa which means a headman. The Parja are cultivators and mostly grow rice. They are said to be hard working.

The Parja are divided into three, the Mudara, the Peng and the Tagara. The Tagara (or Thakara) live in the Bastar region.

What are their lives like?
The Parja are exogamous, meaning they will marry outside of the group. If someone accidentally kills an animal after which his clan has been named, many rituals are performed for purification. For example all utensils in the house are got rid of, clothes are washed and the whole house is purified with the bark of a mango or jamun tree soaked in water. This is a ritual of mourning. If someone in the goat Sept eats a goat then it is thought he will go blind. If anyone kills a snake who belongs to the snake Sept, he puts a new yarn on his head and prays for forgiveness. (They need to realize what are and what are not sins and that forgiveness is only through Jesus Christ).

The Parja are mainly Hindus and have local religious beliefs. Marriage is not supposed to be with the people of the same clan but as their Septs are small in number, that rule is not followed but they are not to come from the same village. The marriage proposal is first made by the father of the boy. The girl is told about it. They dance during the wedding ceremonies. The marriage ceremony is in the house of the boy. Widows can marry again but must marry the younger brother of the deceased husband. The Parja bury their dead. They do quite a few funeral rites. They eat pigs, wild buffalo, monkeys and fowls but not flesh eating animals.


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Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2009-09-25
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Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: South Asia
Persecution Rank:11 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:565,000
Largest States:
Odisha (451,000)Bihar (47,000)
Andhra Pradesh (36,000)Jharkhand (22,000)
Assam (4,500)Chhattisgarh (1,400)
West Bengal (1,300)Maharashtra (600)
Telangana (400)Delhi (300)
Total States on file:20
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Parja
People Name General: Parja
Alternate People Names:
ROP3 Code: 113381
Joshua Project People ID: 17901
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 565,000
Population all Countries: 565,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: Oriya
People Name General: Parja
Ethnic Code: AUG06z
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Odia (194,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): ory    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Bhatri (103,000)Pengo (63,000)
Bodo Parja (53,000)Hindi (51,000)
Duruwa (35,000)Kuvi (21,000)
Angika (14,000)Telugu (11,000)
Maithili (7,000)Chhattisgarhi (3,500)
Note: Only 10 largest secondary languages listed
Total Languages: 41
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.01 % 
Christianity3.29 %(Evangelical: Data not available)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism95.91 % 
Islam0.04 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.76 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 3   Less than 2% Evangelical. Widespread church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1811-1956
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 1815-2004
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsOnline Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoFollowing Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Odia
Film / VideoMagdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoMy Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / VideoRivka (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
GeneralFour Spiritual Laws
GeneralGod's Simple Plan
GeneralGot Questions Ministry
Mobile AppDownload Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed MatterBible
Text / Printed MatterBible: ODIA - Oriya
Text / Printed MatterBibles, Bible League
Text / Printed MatterOneHope resources for children and youth
Text / Printed MatterOnline Bible (Bibles India)
Text / Printed MatterWorld Missionary Press Booklets
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Parja in India

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Oriya     South Asia    
      Parja India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Parja in India          
      Religion Language  
      Hinduism     Odia  
    All Religions                              

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