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Sauria Paharia in India



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Sauria Paharia in India map

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
58,000 Santhali Hinduism 10.61 % Unknown Not available   

Sauria Paharia in India

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Introduction / History
With a culture over 4,000 years old and the world's second largest population, India contains a multitude of closely related people groups. Over thousands of years, these countless groups have migrated into this subcontinent, and many have maintained distinctive cultures. Today, more than 800 languages are spoken in India, and the complex "caste" system has further divided the people into an endless number of social classes.

The Churahi Pahari are one of the many Hindu people groups of India. They are primarily located in the northern state of Himachal Pradesh. This is a rugged mountain region in which roads are merely mule tracks or footpaths winding around the outer slopes of the Himalayas.

The Churahi are a hardworking and often isolated people. Many of their villages are snowbound for up to four months a year, and the people must live on what they have stored away.

What are their lives like?
Most of the Churahi Pahari are meager, honest farmers. They cultivate terraces on hillsides which produce only sparse crops twice a year. Their principal crops are potatoes and rice, and a variety of other vegetables are also grown. Fertilizer is used, as well as a system of plot rotation in which the ground is allowed to lie fallow. Wet rice is grown during the monsoon season, whereas dry rice, maize, millet, and wheat are raised on the drier land during the summer and winter months. Most of the farmers raise buffalo and goats for meat and cows for milk. The villagers live on a simple diet of milk, lentils, a few vegetables, a little fruit, and occasionally meat.

The Churahi live in extended families in villages that consist of loosely grouped homes surrounded by the farm land. The villages are generally situated near rivers or springs, and the homes are connected by footpaths. Sometimes the paths meet together near a large tree that is used as a meeting place for the villagers as well as a resting place for travelers.

The houses are rectangular in shape with stone and mortar walls. The roofs are made of slate, wood, or thatch. Doors, windows, and door frames are often ornately carved and painted. The houses usually have two or more stories, with the people living on the second floor and the animals roaming freely on the ground floor.

During religious festivals or village fairs, the women like to wear brightly colored clothes, heavy silver nose rings and earrings, and colorful head scarves.

There are many rites of passage for children such as the first rice feeding and the first haircut. Also, girls go through puberty rites and boys go through initiations known as "sacred thread ceremonies." When they are about eight years old, the children begin doing domestic chores. Girls care for the younger children, haul water, and carry food for the animals. Boys tend the animals, help in the fields, or carry milk to the market. Many children walk up to five or six miles a day to school.

What are their beliefs?
The vast majority of the Churahi Pahari are Hindus, and nearly all of the others practice ethnic religions. Those who are Hindus are generally not as strict in their observance of religious laws as other Hindus.

It is said that the Hindus worship more than 300 million gods. Though other supernatural beings are also worshipped, the gods and goddesses are considered as the most powerful. They live in fear of these gods, and regularly try to appease them with offerings. Both village gods and household gods are worshipped. These include ancestral spirits, ghosts, demons, spirits, and fairies. The Churahi also recognize the five Pandava brothers (heroic warriors of a Hindu epic) as deities, although other Hindus do not.

Prayer Points
* Ask the Lord to call people who are willing to go to India and share Christ with the Churahi Pahari.
* Pray for God to raise up prayer teams who will break up the soil through worship and intercession.
* Ask God to give the Churahi Christians boldness to share the Gospel with their own people.
* Ask the Holy Spirit to soften the hearts of the people toward Christians so that they will be receptive to the Gospel.
* Pray that God will open the hearts of India's governmental leaders to the Gospel.

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Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: South Asia
Persecution Rank:15 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:58,000
Largest States:
Jharkhand (53,000)West Bengal (3,700)
Bihar (800)
Total States on file:4
   
 
Maps
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
 
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Sauria Paharia
People Name General: Sauria Paharia
Alternate People Names:
MaleMaler
MaltoSamaria Paharia
Samaria Pahariyaसौरिया पाहरिया
ROP3 Code: 113539
Joshua Project People ID: 18044
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 58,000
Population all Countries: 63,000
Least-Reached: No
   
 
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: Nepali-Pahari
People Name General: Sauria Paharia
Ethnic Code: CNN25k
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
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Primary Language: Santhali (36,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): sat    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Hindi (18,000)Bengali (3,500)
Sauria Paharia (1,600)Mundari (400)
Nepali (400)Ho (300)
Munda (100)Kurux (100)
Gadaba, Mudhili (100)Urdu (100)
Note: Only 10 largest secondary languages listed
Total Languages: 36
   
 
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.05 % 
Christianity10.61 %(Evangelical: Data not available)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism82.94 % 
Islam0.48 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown5.92 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Evangelicals have only a very small representation among all who claim to be Christians.
Least-Reached: No
GSEC Status:Level 5   Greater than or equal to 5% Evangelical
 
 
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1868-1989
New Testament:
1887-1962
Complete Bible: 1914-2005
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoEnlightened Heart (Indigitube.tv)
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Santhali
Film / VideoMy Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
GeneralGot Questions Ministry
Text / Printed MatterWorld Missionary Press Booklets
 
 
Ministry Activity
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Networking: Visit LinkingGlobalVoices.org for networking possibilities.
Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
 
Data Notes
Data Sources
 
 

Sauria Paharia in India

Peoples
               
Geographic
Global                 Global
           
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
           
   
People Cluster
       
Region
   
    Nepali-Pahari     South Asia    
     
People-Group-Across-Countries
   
Country
   
      Sauria Paharia India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Sauria Paharia in India          
      Religion Language  
      Hinduism     Santhali  
    Global    
Language
 
    All Religions                              
   
Religion
                             

Direct link:  http://legacy.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?peo3=18044&rog3=IN