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Turaiha in India


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Turaiha in India map

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
350,000 Bhojpuri Hinduism 0.00 % 0.00 %   

Turaiha in India

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Introduction / History
The Turaiha are a fishermen Hindu Tribe. They are considered as a lower caste and very depressed. Most of them have no idea about their origin. As Mr. A.C. Turner (1933) states "They are an offshoot from Kahars who have a subcaste of Turai in the plains and of Turaha in the hills. They now form a distinct caste broken away from Kahars" (Census of India, 1931.)

Where are they located?
The main population of Turaihas is located near the different rivers and lakes in Rohilkhand, Meerut, Agra, Oudh and Benares Division of Uttar Pradesh as well as Bihar and Bengal. The Turaihas are also known as Turai, Turaha, Turahiya and Turha.

What are their lives like?
Turaiha people used to speak in Hindi, Bhojpuri, Matheli, Oudhi and Bengali. The chief occupation of Turaha people is fishing, cultivating Singhara (Water Nut), making handheld fans and baskets. They are some of the best fishmen in India. They catch and sell fish for their daily income.

They usually drink liquor and toddy. They eat mutton, pork, fish, tortoise and crab. Brahmins do not enter Turaiha houses. On Hindu social scales Turaiha is higher than Chamar and Bhangi. Turaiha community is near to Bhil Tribe and somewhere treated as Dheemar also.

What are their beliefs?
Turaiha are Hindu. They believe they are descended from the Sun god. The great Deity of the Turaihas is Sanichar Raja. Their main festival is held on Saturday in the month of Sawan at the asthan (Shrine) of Sanichar Raja by offering goats, pigs, kheer, grains and bread.

Prayer Points
* For the salvation of the Turaiha and that God may bring several Christian workers among them.
* Pray that Turaiha will wake up and join the main stream of nation.
* Pray that Christianity will bring modern medicine and antibiotics to the sick of the Turaiha community.

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  Submit Update:
Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: South Asia
Persecution Rank:11 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:350,000
Largest States:
Bihar (305,000)Uttar Pradesh (21,000)
West Bengal (21,000)Uttarakhand (1,300)
Jharkhand (500)Meghalaya (70)
Andaman and Nicobar Islands (30)
Total States on file:9
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Turaiha
People Name General: Turaiha
Alternate People Names:
ROP3 Code: 113816
Joshua Project People ID: 18272
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 350,000
Population all Countries: 352,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: Hindi
People Name General: Turaiha
Ethnic Code: CNN25c
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Bhojpuri (158,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): bho    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Hindi (149,000)Bengali (20,000)
Maithili (20,000)Kumaoni (800)
Garhwali (300)Kanauji (100)
Awadhi (100)
Total Languages: 8
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.00 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism100.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1911-1982
New Testament:
Complete Bible: None Reported
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsOral Bible stories in Bhojpuri
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Bhojpuri
Film / VideoMagdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoMy Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
GeneralGot Questions Ministry
Text / Printed MatterOneHope resources for children and youth
Text / Printed MatterOnline Bible (Bibles India)
Text / Printed MatterOnline Bible (Bibles India)
Text / Printed MatterWorld Missionary Press Booklets
Ministry Activity
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Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
Data Notes
Data Sources

Turaiha in India

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Hindi     South Asia    
      Turaiha India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Turaiha in India          
      Religion Language  
      Hinduism     Bhojpuri  
    All Religions                              

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