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Amdo, Hbrogpa in China

Amdo, Hbrogpa

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Amdo, Hbrogpa in China map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
724,000 Tibetan, Amdo Buddhism 0.05 % 0.05 % Not available   

Amdo, Hbrogpa in China

People Group Video [7]
Source:  Asia HarvestWatchDownload
 
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Identity
Hbrogpa, which means "nomad" or "herder" in Tibetan, is the largest of four main Amdo languages. These in turn have been counted as part of the Tibetan nationality in China. "Within these groups are many subgroups, each speaking its own language and living in different areas."

Amdo is very different from other varieties of Tibetan. Within Amdo there are four mutually unintelligible languages, of which Hbrogpa is the largest. Various sources mention 15 unnamed dialects within Hbrogpa.

History
Horrendous clashes with the Chinese have resulted in massive loss of Amdo Tibetan life. The Dalai Lama listed 49,049 deaths from battles within the Amdo regions before 1983, in addition to 121,982 deaths from starvation.

Customs
Most Amdo are seminomadic herders of sheep, yaks, and goats. They move to new pastures whenever their animals have made good use of the land.

Religion
Although the vast majority of Amdo are Tibetan Buddhists, in recent years there has been a revival of interest in the pre-Buddhist religion of Bon.

Christianity
Several mission agencies worked in the Amdo area prior to 1949. At least five small churches consisting of Amdo Tibetans remain today. One report optimistically estimates as many as 10,000 Tibetan believers near Hezuo. Approximately 200 Tibetan believers attend a church in Lintan County in southern Gansu, but they are Jone Tibetans, not Amdo. Cecil Pohill of the China Inland Mission started a mission station in Xining in 1888. Later he "opened up Songpan as a center for Tibetan work." In 1922 it was reported, "The confidence of the people has to a great extent been achieved, and not a few have an intelligent knowledge of the way of salvation." In 1986, "A few Christian households in Gansu Province gathered to worship during a Chinese New Year's celebration. Their neighbors, seeking to wipe out Christianity, told them to disperse. The Christians were unwilling to stop their meeting and were severely beaten by the crowd. The next morning the persecutors found their sheep, cows and horses were dying. Their family members also began to die one by one. Realizing that the wrath of God had fallen upon them, they pleaded with those who believed in Jesus to pray. The Lord heard the believers' prayers, and the sick and dying were healed. As a result, over a hundred Amdo Tibetans turned to the Lord!"

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Prayer Links  
PrayerGuard.net
Global Prayer Digest: 2009-04-26
Global Prayer Digest: 2010-07-16
Global Prayer Digest: 2013-07-04
 
Prayer Links
The Amdo Tibetans
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Country: China
Continent: Asia
Region: Northeast Asia
Persecution Rank:39 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:More than 550,000 speakers of the Hbrogpa Amdo language live in a vast, sparsely populated area. The majority are located in eastern Qinghai Province, as far north as the Qinghai-Gansu border. Significant numbers also live in southwest Gansu Province and in adjacent parts of northern Sichuan. The Hbrogpa region ranges from Qinghai Lake in the north - which at 4,000 square kilometers (1,560 sq. mi.) is the largest lake in China - to the town of Songpan in Sichuan in the south. Songpan, encircled by a wall built in 1379, once housed 10,000 families. The Amdo region was incorporated into the Chinese empire in the early 1700s.
(Source: Operation China, 2000)
   
 
Maps
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
 
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Amdo, Hbrogpa
People Name General: Amdo, Hbrogpa
Alternate People Names:
AmdeAmdo
AnduoBrogpa
HbrogpaMade
Ngambo
ROP3 Code: 113985
Joshua Project People ID: 18392
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 724,000
Population all Countries: 724,000
Least-Reached: Yes
   
 
Affinity Bloc: Tibetan-Himalayan Peoples
People Cluster: Tibetan
People Name General: Amdo, Hbrogpa
Ethnic Code: MSY50r
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
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Primary Language: Tibetan, Amdo (724,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): adx    Ethnologue Listing
Primary Dialect:Hbrogpa
Dialect Code:6954
Total Languages: 1
   
 
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Buddhism
Religion Sub-division:Tibetan
Major Religions:
Buddhism99.00 % 
Christianity0.05 %(Evangelical: 0.05 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.95 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent100.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
 
 
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: Yes
New Testament: None Reported
Complete Bible: None Reported
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsOnline Scripture / Portions
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Tibetan, Amdo
Film / VideoMy Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
GeneralFour Spiritual Laws
GeneralGot Questions Ministry
Text / Printed MatterWorld Missionary Press Booklets
 
 
Ministry Activity
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Amdo, Hbrogpa in China

Peoples
               
Geographic
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Region
   
    Tibetan     Northeast Asia    
     
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      Amdo, Hbrogpa China    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Amdo, Hbrogpa in China          
      Religion Language  
      Buddhism     Tibetan, Amdo  
    Global    
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Direct link:  http://legacy.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?peo3=18392&rog3=CH