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Han Chinese, Jin in China

Han Chinese, Jin

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
61,937,000 Chinese, Jinyu Non-Religious 8.00 % 6.00 % Not available Not available   

Han Chinese, Jin in China

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Identity
The Jin were formerly considered part of the Xibei Guanhua dialect of Mandarin, but many scholars now consider them a distinct language group.

History
The Qin Dynasty (221-207 BC): Although it lasted a mere 14 years, the Qin Dynasty constituted the first unified Chinese empire, under Emperor Qin Shihuang. Ascending the throne at the age of 13, Qin is remembered for his ghastly acts of cruelty and torture of innocents. His dynasty left its mark on China in many ways, including the start of nearly 2,000 years of strong, centralized government. China's currency and script were standardized for the first time. The construction of the Great Wall was commenced, and Qin organized the country into provinces through divisions remarkably similar to the provincial boundaries still used today. It was during his brief reign that the 6,000 Terracotta Soldiers were constructed to represent a vigilant army to protect Qin's tomb. The Han Dynasty (206 BC - AD 220): The Chinese consider the Han one of the golden periods of their history. For the first time, China extended its borders by military campaigns, bringing China into contact with foreigners.

Customs
The Jin Chinese live in what the Chinese historically viewed as the most backward and far-flung part of China. This has made them a resilient and hardworking people.

Religion
The majority of Jin Chinese are atheists. Shanxi Province has long been a power base of the Communists.

Christianity
Christianity in China is generally believed to have been introduced by the Nestorians around AD 635. However, some scholars believe it may have already been introduced by the Seres around AD 300, or by the Persians in AD 455. Traditionally, some Christians believed that China first received the gospel from St. Thomas, who before his martyrdom reportedly left India and "set sail into China on board of Chinese ships and landed at a town named Camballe." Today, there are an estimated 1.2 million Jin Chinese believers. Hebei - where more than 10 million Jin speakers live - is the strongest Catholic region in China with more than 800,000 church members. Two-thirds of the population of Shanxi Province are Jin. Recent research indicates there are 200,000 Protestants in Shanxi Province alone.

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Country: China
Continent: Asia
Region: Northeast Asia
Persecution Rank:39 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Total Provinces on file:6
Location in Country:More than 50 million speakers of the Jin Chinese language, called Jinyu, inhabit parts of five provinces in northern China: Shanxi (22.3 million speakers by the year 2000), Hebei (10.6 million), areas north of the Yellow River in Henan (9.4 million), Inner Mongolia (8.2 million), and the northern part of Shaanxi (3.2 million). Jin is spoken in a total of 175 cities and counties throughout northern China.
(Source: Operation China, 2000)
   
 
Maps
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
 
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Han Chinese, Jin
People Name General: Han Chinese, Jin
Alternate People Names:
Han ChineseJin
Jinyu
ROP3 Code: 114083
Joshua Project People ID: 18477
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 61,937,000
Population all Countries: 61,937,000
Least-Reached: No
   
 
Affinity Bloc: East Asian Peoples
People Cluster: Chinese
People Name General: Han Chinese, Jin
Ethnic Code: MSY42a
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
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Primary Language: Chinese, Jinyu (61,937,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): cjy    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
   
 
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Non-Religious
Major Religions:
Buddhism11.00 % 
Christianity8.00 %(Evangelical: 6.00 %)
Ethnic Religions31.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious50.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent89.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian1.00 %
Roman Catholic10.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Evangelicals have a modest presence.
Least-Reached: No
GSEC Status:Level 5   Greater than or equal to 5% Evangelical
 
 
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: Questionable translation need
New Testament: None Reported
Complete Bible: None Reported
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Text / Printed MatterBible Gateway Scripture
Text / Printed MatterBible-in-Your-Language
 
 
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
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Han Chinese, Jin in China

Peoples
               
Geographic
Global                 Global
           
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
           
   
People Cluster
       
Region
   
    Chinese     Northeast Asia    
     
People-Group-Across-Countries
   
Country
   
      Han Chinese, Jin China    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Han Chinese, Jin in China          
      Religion Language  
      Non-Religious     Chinese, Jinyu  
    Global    
Language
 
    All Religions                              
   
Religion
                             

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