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Han Chinese, Xiang in China

Han Chinese, Xiang

Send us a photo of this people.  [1]

Han Chinese, Xiang in China map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
38,312,000 Chinese, Xiang Ethnic Religions 2.50 % 2.00 % Not available   

Han Chinese, Xiang in China

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Identity
The Xiang are traditionally acknowledged as the most stubborn and proud of all Chinese peoples. "The people themselves are the most clannish and conservative to be found in the whole empire, and have succeeded in keeping their province practically free from invasion by foreigners and even foreign ideas."

Xiang is a distinct Chinese language in transition. It is exposed to Mandarin from several directions. Hunanese women once possessed their own writing system. It was taught by women to women and could not be read by men.

History
The People's Republic of China (1949- ): The Communists seized control of China in 1949. Initial euphoria among the people soon vanished as famine, economic mismanagement, and the suppression of all opposition became the norm. The darkest period came between 1966 and 1976 when millions of innocent people were butchered in the name of progress. After Mao's death in 1976 a power struggle ensued. Deng Xiaoping, who stood alone with an agenda of economic reforms, took power and China gradually reopened to the outside world. A demonstration held in Tiananmen Square, Beijing, to demand political reform was forcefully broken up by the army on 4 June 1989. Fears that China would revert to the excesses of the 1960s and 1970s proved unfounded, however, and China continued to open up and become a thriving part of the world community throughout the 1990s.

Customs
In 1911 the Xiang were described as "the best haters and best fighters in China. Long after the rest of the empire was open to missionary activity, Hunan kept its gates firmly closed against the foreigner." The Xiang are renowned for their theaters and opera.

Religion
Recently there has been an upsurge in religious interest in Hunan, as people seek to fill the spiritual void in their hearts. "A monastery in Hunan has witnessed tens of thousands of pilgrims arriving to worship the three 'gods' of Communist China - Chairman Mao, Zhou Enlai and Zhu De. This pilgrimage has set alarm bells ringing in the local government over the revival of superstition."

Christianity
In 1861 Welsh missionary Griffith John met a Hunan military mandarin, who "boasted of the glory and martial courage of the Hunan men, and said there was no danger of their ever believing in Jesus or of His religion taking root there." The pride of the Xiang has made them the most unreached of all Han Chinese peoples. Today only 80,000 of the Xiang are Christians. The entire Christian population of Hunan is numbered at no more than 120,000. Because of internal strife, the Hunan church has been described as a "disaster area."

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Prayer Links  
PrayerGuard.net
Global Prayer Digest: 2008-07-14
Global Prayer Digest: 2013-04-05
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Country: China
Continent: Asia
Region: Northeast Asia
Persecution Rank:39 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:Approximately 35 million speakers of Xiang Chinese - or Hunanese - live in China. The majority are located in Hunan Province. Others inhabit 20 counties of western Sichuan and parts of northern Guangxi and northern Guangdong provinces.
(Source: Operation China, 2000)
   
 
Maps
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
 
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Han Chinese, Xiang
People Name General: Han Chinese, Xiang
Alternate People Names:
Han Chinese Hsiang
HuaneseHunan
Hunan ChineseHunanese
ROP3 Code: 114092
Joshua Project People ID: 18484
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 38,312,000
Population all Countries: 38,420,000
Least-Reached: Yes
   
 
Affinity Bloc: East Asian Peoples
People Cluster: Chinese
People Name General: Han Chinese, Xiang
Ethnic Code: MSY42a
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
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Primary Language: Chinese, Xiang (38,312,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): hsn    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
   
 
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions
Major Religions:
Buddhism20.00 % 
Christianity2.50 %(Evangelical: 2.00 %)
Ethnic Religions43.50 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious34.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent92.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian1.00 %
Roman Catholic7.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 5   Greater than or equal to 5% Evangelical
 
 
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: Questionable translation need
New Testament: None Reported
Complete Bible: None Reported
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Chinese, Xiang
 
 
Ministry Activity
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Networking: Visit LinkingGlobalVoices.org for networking possibilities.
Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
 
Data Notes
Data Sources
 
 

Han Chinese, Xiang in China

Peoples
               
Geographic
Global                 Global
           
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
           
   
People Cluster
       
Region
   
    Chinese     Northeast Asia    
     
People-Group-Across-Countries
   
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      Han Chinese, Xiang China    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Han Chinese, Xiang in China          
      Religion Language  
      Ethnic Religions     Chinese, Xiang  
    Global    
Language
 
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Religion
                             

Direct link:  http://legacy.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?peo3=18484&rog3=CH