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Khampa Tibetan in China

Khampa Tibetan

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Khampa Tibetan in China map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
1,563,000 Tibetan, Khams Buddhism 0.05 % 0.05 % Not available   

Khampa Tibetan in China

People Group Video [7]
Source:  Asia HarvestWatchDownload
 
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Identity
The Khampa have a fearsome reputation as the most hostile and violent of Tibetans. "Tall and well built men, fearless and open of countenance, they resemble Apache Indians, with plaited hair hanging from each side of well modeled heads."

History
The Khampa have a long history of conflict with the Chinese, who annexed most of Kham Province to Sichuan in 1720. "No Chinese dares to enter the territory for fear of being murdered." Military clashes between the two groups occurred in 1918, 1928, and 1932. In 1950 the Chinese captured the town of Chamdo without firing a shot. The Khampa fled in terror when the Chinese set off a huge fireworks display on the outskirts of the town. In late 1955 the Chinese authorities ordered the monks of Litang Monastery to produce an inventory for tax assessment. The monks refused to oblige. In February 1956, the Chinese laid siege to the monastery which was defended by several thousand monks and farmers. Litang and surrounding areas were bombed by Chinese aircraft. In 1959 the Khampa in Lhasa organized a revolt against Chinese rule. "The fighting lasted three days with the Tibetans caught up in a religious fervor, not caring whether they lived or died."

Customs
Sexual immorality among the Khampa is considered normal behavior. A 1950s survey "found the rate of venereal diseases was 40% in peasant areas and 50.7% in pasture areas."

Religion
The Khampa, like all Tibetan groups, are devout followers of Buddhism.

Christianity
Catholic work among the Khampa commenced in the mid-1800s. The Catholic mission at Batang Township was demolished in 1873 and 1905 - after two priests had been killed and converts who would not deny their faith were shot. By 1924 the mission numbered 2 bishops, 15 French missionaries, and 4,800 baptized converts of whom "about two-fifths were Tibetans." Today there are 200 Khampa Catholics near Kangding and some near Batang and Yajiang. Protestant work among the Khampa commenced in 1897. The missionaries ran hospitals, schools, and orphanages, but saw little fruit. By 1922 the Protestant station at Batang had won ten converts.

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Prayer Links  
PrayerGuard.net
Global Prayer Digest: 2007-07-13
Global Prayer Digest: 2009-06-25
Global Prayer Digest: 2013-04-22
Global Prayer Digest: 2013-07-05
 
Prayer Links
The Khampa Nomads
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Country: China
Continent: Asia
Region: Northeast Asia
Persecution Rank:39 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Total Provinces on file:3
Location in Country:Approximately 1.2 million Khampa Tibetans speak the Eastern Khampa language. They inhabit a vast area but are primarily concentrated in western Sichuan Province as far east as Kangding, a large portion of eastern Tibet, and parts of southern Qinghai Province. The Eastern Khampa town of Litang lies 4,700 meters (15,400 ft.) above sea level. Chamdo is another important town - at an altitude of 3,200 meters (10,500 ft.). The Chamdo Monastery was built in 1473 and now houses 2,500 monks. Other main towns include Bayi, where a massive textile and carpet factory employs 1,300 workers, and Batang, which is 2,700 meters (8,856 ft.) above sea level.
(Source: Operation China, 2000)
   
 
Maps
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
 
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Khampa Tibetan
People Name General: Khampa Tibetan
Alternate People Names:
KamKang
KhamKhamba
KhampasKhams
Khams BhotiaKhams-Bhotia
Khams-YalKonka
Konkalingखमपा, ईस्टर्न
ROP3 Code: 114136
Joshua Project People ID: 18522
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 1,563,000
Population all Countries: 1,565,000
Least-Reached: Yes
   
 
Affinity Bloc: Tibetan-Himalayan Peoples
People Cluster: Tibetan
People Name General: Khampa Tibetan
Ethnic Code: MSY50r
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
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Primary Language: Tibetan, Khams (1,563,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): khg    Ethnologue Listing
Primary Dialect:Eastern Khams
Dialect Code:11923
Total Languages: 1
   
 
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Buddhism
Religion Sub-division:Tibetan
Major Religions:
Buddhism95.00 % 
Christianity0.05 %(Evangelical: 0.05 %)
Ethnic Religions4.95 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent100.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 3   Less than 2% Evangelical. Widespread church planting within past 2 years
 
 
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: Help start a Bible Translation
New Testament: None Reported
Complete Bible: None Reported
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Tibetan, Khams
Text / Printed MatterWorld Missionary Press Booklets
 
 
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
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Khampa Tibetan in China

Peoples
               
Geographic
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  Affinity Bloc             Global  
           
   
People Cluster
       
Region
   
    Tibetan     Northeast Asia    
     
People-Group-Across-Countries
   
Country
   
      Khampa Tibetan China    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Khampa Tibetan in China          
      Religion Language  
      Buddhism     Tibetan, Khams  
    Global    
Language
 
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Direct link:  http://legacy.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?peo3=18522&rog3=CH