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Tibetan Gtsang in China

Tibetan Gtsang

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Tibetan Gtsang in China map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
742,000 Tibetan, Central Buddhism 0.01 % 0.00 % Not available   

Tibetan Gtsang in China

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Identity
The Gtsang Tibetans are part of the Tibetan nationality, but they speak a language only partly intelligible with other Tibetan varieties. Captain O'Conner, the British trade agent at Gyantse in the early 1900s, described the Gtsang Tibetans as "superstitious indeed to the last degree, but devoid of any deep-rooted religious convictions or heart searchings, oppressed by the most monstrous growth of monasticism and priest-craft which the world has ever seen."

History
Xigaze, the capital of Tibet from 1618 to 1642, is the traditional seat of the Panchen Lama, Tibet's second most powerful ruler after the Dalai Lama. In 1954 the city was nearly destroyed by floods. After putting down a revolt in 1959, the Chinese imprisoned 400 monks in the Tashilhunpo Monastery.

Customs
The Xigaze New Year Festival is held in the first week of the 12th lunar month. Thousands of visitors have flocked to Gyantse since 1408 for the annual Horse Racing and Archery Show.

Religion
The Gtsang region is home to several Buddhist sects, including the Nyingmapa (Ancient), Kagyupa (Oral Transmission), and Sakya (Gray Earth) schools. After the death of the Panchen Lama in 1989, the Chinese filled his position with their own choice of successor. In May 1995 the exiled Dalai Lama announced a new Panchen Lama who was immediately rejected by the Chinese. Monks at the Tashilhunpo Monastery, and a number of lay Tibetans, rioted in protest. Eighty monks were interrogated by the police, and the city of Xigatse was sealed off for several days. Tensions have remained high since then.

Christianity
Jesuit missionary Antonio de Andrade arrived in Tibet from India in 1624 by disguising himself as a Hindu pilgrim. "Andrade outwitted hostile local officials, made his way north to the Himalayas, endured altitude sickness and snow blindness, fought his way over a 17,900-foot pass into Tibet, and finally reached Tsaparang. ... There he impressed the king and queen with his piety, and they gave him permission to return, establish a mission, and preach the Gospel." A revolution in Tsaparang in 1635 abruptly ended the Jesuit mission. Today there are just a handful of Gtsang Tibetan Christians.

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Prayer Links  
PrayerGuard.net
Global Prayer Digest: 2007-08-16
Global Prayer Digest: 2013-07-14
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Country: China
Continent: Asia
Region: Northeast Asia
Persecution Rank:39 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Total Provinces on file:1
Location in Country:Almost 600,000 Tibetans belong to the Gtsang Tibetan dialect group. They are located in a wide geographical area, stretching east to west over roughly the entire length of the Tibet-Nepal border. Gtsang is spoken in the cities of Xigaze and Gyantse, the second and fourth largest cities in Tibet. The main attraction of Gyantse is the immense pagoda, or Kumbun, built by Rapten Kunsang Phapa (1389-1442).
(Source: Operation China, 2000)
   
 
Maps
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
 
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Tibetan Gtsang
People Name General: Tibetan Gtsang
Alternate People Names:
BhotiaGyantse
SagkaSagya
TsangXigatse Tibetan
Xigatse TibetansXigatze
टिबेटन, गठसांग
ROP3 Code: 114330
Joshua Project People ID: 18698
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 742,000
Population all Countries: 800,000
Least-Reached: Yes
   
 
Affinity Bloc: Tibetan-Himalayan Peoples
People Cluster: Tibetan
People Name General: Tibetan Gtsang
Ethnic Code: MSY50r
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
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Primary Language: Tibetan, Central (742,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): bod    Ethnologue Listing
Primary Dialect:Gtsang
Dialect Code:17465
Total Languages: 1
   
 
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Buddhism
Religion Sub-division:Tibetan
Major Religions:
Buddhism99.00 % 
Christianity0.01 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.99 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent60.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic40.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
 
 
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1862-1991
New Testament:
1885-1973
Complete Bible: 1948
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsFathers Love Letter
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoCreation to Christ (Indigitube.tv)
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / VideoGood News for You (Indigitube.tv)
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Tibetan, Central
Film / VideoPhim (Indigitube.tv)
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / VideoThe Hope Video
 
 
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
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Tibetan Gtsang in China

Peoples
               
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    Tibetan     Northeast Asia    
     
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      Tibetan Gtsang China    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Tibetan Gtsang in China          
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      Buddhism     Tibetan, Central  
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Direct link:  http://legacy.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?peo3=18698&rog3=CH