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Tushu in China

Tushu

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
6,500 Nasu, Wusa Ethnic Religions 10.00 % 7.90 % Not available Not available   

Tushu in China

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Identity
The Tushu are not the same ethnic group as the Tusu, even though both are officially included under the Yi nationality in China. The Tushu, who speak an Eastern Yi language, live a considerable distance apart from the Western Yispeaking Tusu.

History
Although many people presume the various Yi groups were the original inhabitants of the Weining area, the Yi themselves claim that when they first entered the region "they found a people already in possession of the land, whom they call the P'u, and whom the Chinese today speak of as the Yao-ren. ... The Nosu [Yi] say the Yaoren moved to Szechuan [Sichuan]."

Customs
Because of the poor quality of the soil, the Tushu cannot grow rice or most vegetables. Instead, the main crops in the area are corn and potatoes. In many places they also brew their own liquor, which is central to their culture.

Religion
Polytheism is the main religion of the Tushu. Spirit priests, or shamans, were once prevalent in their villages but are now rarely seen. Missionary Samuel Pollard, who worked in the area extensively in the early 1900s, noted in his diary: "Had a visit from a Nosu Wizard. He believes that chanting sacred books is expiation for the sins of dead people. In olden times, he told me, they had a book of chanting by which Wind and Rain could be called. But during the Mohammedan Rebellion the book was lost and has never been found again. They believe that all people go to Hades and that there is no Heaven. People saved by chanting come back again."

Christianity
There are at least 400 Tushu Christians today, especially in the Weining area. In 1907 Pollard started to see the first fruits of large-scale turning to Christ among the Yi of Guizhou. Not only the slaves but the landowners themselves were being saved. He wrote,"A blind Nosu [Yi] here who has become a Christian has released all his slaves and burnt the papers that bound them to him. He told them that they could remain as tenants. He has persuaded his nephew to do the same and other families have followed suit. Some he has persuaded to destroy their idols."

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Country: China
Continent: Asia
Region: Northeast Asia
Persecution Rank:39 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:More than 5,000 Tushu people live in Weining County of northwest Guizhou Province and in adjoining areas of Yiliang County in northeast Yunnan Province. One researcher estimates 2,000 Tushu people live on the Yunnan side of the border.
(Source: Operation China, 2000)
   
 
Maps
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
 
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Tushu
People Name General: Tushu
Alternate People Names:
BaiyiTushupo
TusuWhite Yi
ROP3 Code: 114338
Joshua Project People ID: 18704
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 6,500
Population all Countries: 6,500
Least-Reached: No
   
 
Affinity Bloc: Tibetan-Himalayan Peoples
People Cluster: Tibeto-Burman, other
People Name General: Tushu
Ethnic Code: MSY50i
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
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Primary Language: Nasu, Wusa
Language Code (ISO): yig    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Chinese, Mandarin (Unknown)
Total Languages: 2
   
 
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity10.00 %(Evangelical: 7.90 %)
Ethnic Religions85.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious5.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent80.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic20.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Evangelicals have a modest presence.
Least-Reached: No
GSEC Status:Level 2   Less than 2% Evangelical. Initial (localized) church planting within past 2 years
 
 
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: Help start a Bible Translation
New Testament: None Reported
Complete Bible: None Reported
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
 
 
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
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Tushu in China

Peoples
               
Geographic
Global                 Global
           
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
           
   
People Cluster
       
Region
   
    Tibeto-Burman, other     Northeast Asia    
     
People-Group-Across-Countries
   
Country
   
      Tushu China    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Tushu in China          
      Religion Language  
      Ethnic Religions     Nasu, Wusa  
    Global    
Language
 
    All Religions                              
   
Religion
                             

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