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Xibe, Western in China

Xibe, Western

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Xibe, Western in China map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
55,000 Xibe Ethnic Religions 0.50 % 0.47 % Not available Not available   

Xibe, Western in China

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Identity
There are major cultural and linguistic differences between Western Xibe and the Xibe in northeastern China. The Western Xibe have "preserved their own speech, clothing, and housing much better."

More than two centuries of separation from the Xibe in Liaoning has resulted in "a fair number of words" that are different. Many Western Xibe are bilingual or multilingual in Chinese, Kazak, Uygur, Russian, and Mongolian. Xibe is a written language which uses a reformed Manchu script. About half of the Xibe in Xinjiang can speak their language.

History
The Western Xibe are the descendants of a Manchu garrison, 3,000-strong, sent to Xinjiang in the spring of 1763 to rule the territory of the recently defeated Jungars. "The officer in charge of the migration, lining his pockets with the money earmarked for the migration, cut down the time for the journey from two years to one. Many died on the way from exhaustion and practically all the infants had to be abandoned in the wilderness as they moved on." Three hundred and fifty babies were born during the arduous year-long trek to Xinjiang.

Customs
The Western Xibe "excel at archery and are known for their remarkable horsemanship. Their enemies know well how lethal their iron arrow-heads really are. Even Nu'erhachi, a leader of the Manchurian aristocrats, was wounded in the skull in a battle against the Xibes when an arrowhead actually pierced his iron helmet." When a Western Xibe girl is born, the family hangs a red banner at the door as an announcement to their neighbors. When a boy is born, an archer's bow is displayed.

Religion
The primary religion among the Western Xibe is shamanism. Others follow Tibetan Buddhism, while still others are classified as polytheists who worship the traditional Xibe deities of Xilimama and Haierkan. Despite being surrounded by Muslims, the Western Xibe have resisted all pressure to convert to Islam.

Christianity
A visitor to Xinjiang recently commented, "Many Xibe have adopted the religion of their Han neighbors which means that some have even become Christians!" They are the first known believers among the Western Xibe. They are being formed into indigenous Xibe churches. Hudson Taylor once stated, "Why should a foreign aspect be given to Christianity? We wish to see churches of such believers presided over by pastors of their own countrymen, worshiping God in their own tongue, in edifices of a thoroughly native style.

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Country: China
Continent: Asia
Region: Northeast Asia
Persecution Rank:39 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:According to a 1983 study, 27,364 Western Xibe were living in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region. This figure was expected to rise to approximately 42,000 by the start of the year 2000. The majority are located in the Qapqal Xibe Autonomous County, southwest of Yining City. Other Xibe communities are found in Huocheng, Gongliu (Tokkuztara), and Qoqek counties in the Ili Kazak Prefecture. The Western Xibe region is close to the Kazakstan border.
(Source: Operation China, 2000)
   
 
Maps
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Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
 
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Xibe, Western
People Name General: Xibe, Western
Alternate People Names:
Manchu, WesternSibo
XibeXinjiang Xibe
ROP3 Code: 114356
Joshua Project People ID: 18721
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 55,000
Population all Countries: 55,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Engagement Status:Unengaged (per Finishing the Task)
   
 
Affinity Bloc: Turkic Peoples
People Cluster: Altaic
People Name General: Xibe, Western
Ethnic Code: MSY41i
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
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Primary Language: Xibe (55,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): sjo    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
   
 
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions
Major Religions:
Buddhism30.00 % 
Christianity0.50 %(Evangelical: 0.47 %)
Ethnic Religions68.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious1.50 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent100.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
Engagement Status:Unengaged (per Finishing the Task)
GSEC Status:Level 2   Less than 2% Evangelical. Initial (localized) church planting within past 2 years
 
 
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: Help start a Bible Translation
New Testament: None Reported
Complete Bible: None Reported
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
 
 
Ministry Activity
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Xibe, Western in China

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      Xibe, Western China    
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            Xibe, Western in China          
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      Ethnic Religions     Xibe  
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Direct link:  http://legacy.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?peo3=18721&rog3=CH