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Bania Gandha Banik in India

Bania Gandha Banik

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Bania Gandha Banik in India map

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
282,000 Bengali Hinduism 0.00 % 0.00 %   

Bania Gandha Banik in India

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Introduction / History
The Bania Gandha Banik are called the "businessmen of northeast India". Their chief occupation is trade. They were originally sellers of spices, incense and perfume.

Today the Gandha Banik are known for selling almost anything except alcohol. Some of them are informal pharmacists for traditional Indian medicine. When an Indian gets ill, he or she will frequently go to a shop owned by a Gandha Banik for a herbal potion designed to heal the health issue.

Some Gandha Banik are classified in the Vaishya or merchant caste of Hinduism. Others are seen as being in the Shudra or fourth laboring caste.

The primary language of the Gandha Banik is Bengali. Many also speak English and Hindi.

Where are they located?
The vast majority of the Gandha Banik live in the Indian state of West Bengal.

What are their lives like?
The lives of the Gandha Banik vary depending on their income. Some are very wealthy business owners while others run small grocery stores in villages.

The Gandha Banik generally marry within their own community. They have an unusual wedding ceremony in which the groom climbs a tree or log and the bride is carried around the tree seven times. The Gandha Banik practice adult marriages arranged by the families of the bride and groom. Their dead are cremated. The Gandha Banik are not vegetarians but as Hindus they will not eat beef.

What are their beliefs?
The Gandha Banik practice Hinduism, the ancient religion of India. They worship and serve the gods of the Hindu pantheon. They give special attention to Vishnu, the preserver god, and his avatars of Rama and Krishna. Hindus believe that by performing rituals and good works that they will attain moksha or freedom from the endless cycle of birth, death and rebirth. The Gandha Banik visit Hindu temples and offer prayers, food, flowers and incense to their gods. There are many forms of Hinduism, each with its own deities and beliefs.

The main yearly holidays of the Gandha Banik people are Holi, the festival of colors, Diwali, the festival of lights, Navratri, the celebration of autumn and Rama Navami, Rama's birthday.

What are their needs?
The Gandha Banik need to hear the life-changing message of Jesus Christ in a way they can understand. They need to see Christianity lived out before them in practical ways. There may be no believers among the Gandha Banik at the present time.

Prayer Points
* Pray that God sends laborers to the Gandha Banik to live among them and tell them about Jesus.
* Pray the Lord will start a movement of Gandha Banik families experiencing God's blessings.
* Pray for the Holy Spirit to give the Gandha Banik people a love for God's Word and a desire to spread its influence.


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  Submit Update:
Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: South Asia
Persecution Rank:11 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:282,000
Largest States:
West Bengal (242,000)Assam (16,000)
Jharkhand (10,000)Odisha (8,700)
Bihar (3,300)Tripura (1,400)
Andaman and Nicobar Islands (700)Meghalaya (40)
Total States on file:8
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Bania Gandha Banik
People Name General: Bania Gandha Banik
Alternate People Names:
Aut AsramBania
Chhatri AsramDesa Asram
Gandha BanikGandhabania
Putali BenePutuli Bene
Sankha Asramबनिया, गंधा बनिक
ROP3 Code: 115150
Joshua Project People ID: 19698
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 282,000
Population all Countries: 289,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: Bania
People Name General: Bania Gandha Banik
Ethnic Code: CNN25
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Bengali (228,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): ben    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Hindi (37,000)Assamese (8,600)
Odia (7,300)Maithili (500)
Total Languages: 5
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.00 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism100.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 2   Less than 2% Evangelical. Initial (localized) church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1800-1980
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 1809-2000
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament - Bangla Version (F ...
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament - Mussolmani Versio ...
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament- Common Version (FC ...
Audio RecordingsOnline Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio RecordingsOral Bible stories in Bengali
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoFollowing Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / VideoI Am Guilty (
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Bengali
Film / VideoMagdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoMy Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / VideoRivka (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / VideoThe Burning Heart (
Film / VideoThe Prophets Story (
GeneralBible Visuals
GeneralFour Spiritual Laws
GeneralGod's Simple Plan
GeneralGot Questions Ministry
Mobile AppDownload Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed MatterBible
Text / Printed MatterBible: Mussulmani-Bangla, Kitabul Mukkad ...
Text / Printed MatterBible: Standard Bangla Common Language
Text / Printed MatterBible: কিতাবুল মোক ...
Text / Printed MatterBibles, Bible League
Text / Printed MatterChrist for the Nations
Text / Printed MatterEasyBibles
Text / Printed MatterInternational Bible Society
Text / Printed MatterOneHope resources for children and youth
Text / Printed MatterWorld Missionary Press Booklets
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Bania Gandha Banik in India

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Bania     South Asia    
      Bania Gandha Banik India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Bania Gandha Banik in India          
      Religion Language  
      Hinduism     Bengali  
    All Religions                              

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