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Abdul in India


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Abdul in India map

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
33,000 Urdu Islam 0.00 % 0.00 %   

Abdul in India

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Introduction / History
The Abduls in Nepal are said to have originated from the Abdal Muslims. The term Abdal means 'lieutenant'. Little other information is known of the origin of this group that has a strong tradition in the music, singing and particularly the playing of percussion instruments. In many parts of India they are known by the name Dafali. This majority of the over 50,000 Abduls are found in Bihar, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal India as well as Bangladesh and Nepal.

What are their lives like?
Being of a lower social status has caused many Abdul families to survive on charity. In some communities they are alms gatherers while singing and drumming or selling perfume. It is said that during Ramadan some Abdul wake up early and go village to village playing their dafali (instrument) and singing the names of Allah. Traditions like this have given them the title 'wandering singers' or 'a class of wandering Muslim saints' in some places. They are Sunni Muslims in Nepal and are not vegetarians. They include wheat , rice and maize in their diet. Maithili is their primary language though most understand Urdu and Bhojpuri.

What are their needs?
Because of the Abduls tradition of being able to share food and water with most Hindu communities, this group is likely easier to reach than some Muslim people. Their community is small and hidden in many ways.

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  Submit Update:
Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: South Asia
Persecution Rank:11 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:33,000
Largest States:
Bihar (26,000)Uttar Pradesh (4,900)
West Bengal (1,200)Himachal Pradesh (200)
Jharkhand (200)Delhi (200)
Uttarakhand (100)
Total States on file:9
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Abdul
People Name General: Abdul
Alternate People Names:
HashmiHashmi Saudagar
SaudagarShaikh Darwesh
Sheikh Darweshअब्दुल
ROP3 Code: 111252
Joshua Project People ID: 16152
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 33,000
Population all Countries: 60,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: Urdu Muslim
People Name General: Abdul
Ethnic Code: CNN25r
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Urdu (20,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): urd    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Bhojpuri (9,500)Bengali (1,900)
Maithili (1,700)Punjabi, Eastern (30)
Total Languages: 5
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.00 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam100.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1747-1894
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 1843-2016
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament - Easy to Read (FCB ...
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament - Pakistan Bible So ...
Audio RecordingsOnline Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio RecordingsOral Bible
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Audio RecordingsUrdu Online Audio Bible
Film / VideoA Gathering of the Followers of Isa (Ind ...
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Urdu
Film / VideoMagdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoMy Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / VideoThe Greatest Sacrifice (
Film / VideoThe Hope Video
Film / VideoThe Prophets Story (
GeneralBible Visuals
GeneralFour Spiritual Laws
GeneralGod's Simple Plan
GeneralGot Questions Ministry
Mobile AppDownload Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed MatterBible
Text / Printed MatterBible: Revised Urdu Bible
Text / Printed MatterBible: UGV Devanagari
Text / Printed MatterBible: اردو جیو ورژن
Text / Printed MatterBibles, Bible League
Text / Printed MatterEasyBibles
Text / Printed MatterEasyBibles
Text / Printed MatterFathers Love Letter
Text / Printed MatterInternational Bible Society
Text / Printed MatterWorld Missionary Press Booklets
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Abdul in India

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Urdu Muslim     South Asia    
      Abdul India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Abdul in India          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Urdu  
    All Religions                              

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