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Pashtun, Pathan in India

Pashtun, Pathan

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
11,439,000 Urdu Islam 0.00 % Unknown   

Pashtun, Pathan in India

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Introduction / History
The Pashtun, or Pushtun, are a race of warriors who live primarily in Afghanistan and Pakistan. They consist of about sixty tribes, each with its own territory. Although their origin is unclear, their legends say that they are the descendants of Afghana, grandson of King Saul. However, most believe they probably arose from ancient Aryans intermingling with subsequent invaders.

The Pashtun are said to be elegant, colorfully attired, hospitable, considerate, fierce in hatred, and kind in friendship. Though very dedicated to their religious beliefs, they are also fond of pleasure. They are known for their marksmanship and their love of honor.

What are their lives like?
Most of the Pashtun live in southern and central Asia. Their homes lie along a chain of barren, rugged mountains.

At the core of Pashtun society is the extended family. Each family group owns its land and lives in a fortified residence called a qala. Every qala is divided into two areas: a general living area and the private living quarters. A high wall in the middle separates the two areas.

Distinctive tribal customs and traditions also form an integral part of Pashtun society. The true essence of their culture can be seen in the "code of ethics" that they live by. This unwritten code is called Pushtunwali ("the way of the Pushtun"), and is close to the heart of every Pashtun.

Pushtunwali is followed religiously, and it includes the following practices: melmastia (hospitality and protection to every guest); nanawati (the right of a fugitive to seek refuge, and acceptance of his bona fide offer of peace); badal (the right of blood feuds or revenge); tureh (bravery); sabat (steadfastness); imandari (righteousness); 'isteqamat (persistence); ghayrat (defense of property and honor); and namoos (defense of one's women).

The Pashtun tribes range from the highly educated who live in cities to tent-dwelling nomads. Although their societies are based on tribal traditions, the Pashtun who live in cities or villages have a different attitude towards social status than do the nomads. This is because the villages are made up of both Pashtun and non-Pashtun peoples. In most cases, the Pashtun are the landowners.

Traditionally, inheritances are divided equally among all the sons. The daughters are usually excluded, in spite of the clear teachings in the Koran concerning such matters. A daftari is a man who possesses a share in the tribal lands and has a voice in tribal councils. Such a person is regarded with high esteem in Pashtun society.

What are their beliefs?
The majority of Pashtun are Sunni Muslims. Islam came to them as a great liberating and unifying force, freeing them from the cult of Brahminism and the harshness of Buddhism. For this reason, their underlying faith and steadfast devotion to Islam are very strong.

What are their needs?
Many of the Pashtun are extremely poor and live in unsanitary conditions caused mainly by poor water supply. A large number of the adults are also illiterate. The need for qualified medical teams and school teachers is great.

Prayer Points
* Ask God to grant wisdom and favor to mission agencies that are focusing on the Pashtuns.
* Ask God to encourage and protect the small number of Pashtun believers.
* Pray that God will provide greater peace and freedom to live and work among the Pashtun.
* Ask the Holy Spirit to soften their hearts towards Christians so that they will be receptive to the Gospel.

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Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: South Asia
Persecution Rank:11 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Total States on file:35
   
 
Maps
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
 
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Pashtun, Pathan
People Name General: Pashtun, Pathan
ROP3 Code: Pending
Joshua Project People ID: 21537
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 11,439,000
Population all Countries: 11,660,000
Least-Reached: Yes
   
 
Affinity Bloc: Persian-Median
People Cluster: Pashtun
People Name General: Pashtun, Pathan
Ethnic Code: CNT24a
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
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Primary Language: Urdu (10,316,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): urd    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Bengali (661,000)Marwari (152,000)
Bhojpuri (102,000)Gujarati (82,000)
Dhundari (66,000)Awadhi (55,000)
Telugu (46,000)Malayalam (33,000)
Pashto, Northern (33,000)Tamil (33,000)
Note: Only 10 largest secondary languages listed
Total Languages: 45
   
 
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.00 %(Evangelical: Data not available)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam100.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 2   Less than 2% Evangelical. Initial (localized) church planting within past 2 years
 
 
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1747-1894
New Testament:
1758-2000Audio
Complete Bible: 1843-2016
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament - Easy to Read (FCB ...
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament - Pakistan Bible So ...
Audio RecordingsOnline Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio RecordingsOral Bible
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Audio RecordingsUrdu Online Audio Bible
Film / VideoA Gathering of the Followers of Isa (Ind ...
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Urdu
Film / VideoMagdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoMy Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / VideoThe Greatest Sacrifice (Indigitube.tv)
Film / VideoThe Hope Video
Film / VideoThe Prophets Story (Indigitube.tv)
GeneralBible Visuals
GeneralFour Spiritual Laws
GeneralGod's Simple Plan
GeneralGot Questions Ministry
Mobile AppDownload Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed MatterBible
Text / Printed MatterBible: Revised Urdu Bible
Text / Printed MatterBible: UGV Devanagari
Text / Printed MatterBible: اردو جیو ورژن
Text / Printed MatterBibles, Bible League
Text / Printed MatterEasyBibles
Text / Printed MatterEasyBibles
Text / Printed MatterFather's Love Letter
Text / Printed MatterInternational Bible Society
Text / Printed MatterWorld Missionary Press Booklets
 
 
Ministry Activity
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Networking: Visit LinkingGlobalVoices.org for networking possibilities.
Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
 
Data Notes
Data Sources
 
 

Pashtun, Pathan in India

Peoples
               
Geographic
Global                 Global
           
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
           
   
People Cluster
       
Region
   
    Pashtun     South Asia    
     
People-Group-Across-Countries
   
Country
   
      Pashtun, Pathan India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Pashtun, Pathan in India          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Urdu  
    Global    
Language
 
    All Religions                              
   
Religion
                             

Direct link:  http://legacy.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?peo3=21537&rog3=IN