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Pumi in China

Pumi

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Pumi in China map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
49,000 Pumi, Southern Ethnic Religions 0.10 % 0.08 % Not available Not available   

Pumi in China

People Group Video [7]
Source:  Asia HarvestWatchDownload
 
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Identity
The Pumi are one of China's officially recognized minority groups. In 1960 the government combined various tribes and labeled them Pumi. Prior to that, each tribe called themselves by a different name, including Boukhai. The Pumi today call themselves a name which means "white men." The 30,000 Chrame people in Sichuan speak a language related to Pumi, but they have been counted in the Tibetan nationality.

Pumi - which has five dialects - is a member of the Tibeto-Burman language family. Some scholars believe it was originally a Qiangic language. Today after centuries of interaction, 15% of Pumi vocabulary consists of Chinese loanwords.

History
According to Pumi legends and historical records, the ancestors of the Pumi were a nomadic tribe who roamed areas hundreds of miles farther north of their present location. They were forcibly moved to Yunnan by the Mongolians in the 1300s.

Customs
On the 15th day of the first month of the Pumi calendar, all Pumi, "clad in their holiday best, go camping on mountain slopes and celebrate around bonfires. The holidays are devoted to sacrifices to the 'god of the kitchen'. They celebrate with wild feasting, horse racing, shooting contests and wrestling." At the age of 13, Pumi youth are considered adults. When a Pumi dies, a conch is blown three times to beckon villagers. A shaman then holds a Gei Yangzi Yishi (Sheep Guide) rite. The Pumi believe a sheep will lead the spirit of the deceased into the land of their ancestors.

Religion
The Pumi live in fear of the spirit world. If offended, the deities can release a deluge of fierce, predatory beasts against their livestock. All Pumi worship Suoguonaba, the god of the Mountains. Worship of this powerful spirit is observed on the 5th, 15th, and 25th day of each lunar month. Ancestor worship is also practiced. Food is not eaten until it has been placed on the guozhuang, or tripod, to signify an invitation to the ancestors to eat first. Spirits are also believed to dwell in the wooden center post of their homes.

Christianity
Because of their linguistic variety and isolated communities, the Pumi have been largely neglected with the gospel. Prior to 1949, German missionaries reportedly witnessed to the Pumi, but little fruit remains. Although there is no organized church among the Pumi today, visitors report that they are a people "ripe unto harvest." In the early 1990s several Pumi were baptized by a Mosuo believer near Lugu Lake. A potential breakthrough occurred in 1997 when 30 Pumi people prayed to receive Christ after viewing the Jesus film in Mandarin.

View Pumi in all countries.

Prayer Links  
PrayerGuard.net
Global Prayer Digest: 2008-07-27
Global Prayer Digest: 2010-07-12
Global Prayer Digest: 2013-07-28
Global Prayer Digest: 2013-07-29
 
Prayer Links
The Naxi, Mosuo, Pumi, and Lisu
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Country: China
Continent: Asia
Region: Northeast Asia
Persecution Rank:39 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Total Provinces on file:2
Location in Country:More than 37,000 members of the Pumi minority inhabit the mountains of northern Yunnan Province. They live in approximately 500 villages, some of which are located 3,200 meters (10,500 ft.) above sea level. In many locations the Pumi live beside members of the Naxi nationality. Despite 2,000 years of history, the Pumi population has remained relatively small because of disease, plague, famine, and assimilation to other tribes.
(Source: Operation China, 2000)
   
 
Maps
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
 
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Pumi
People Name General: Pumi
Alternate People Names:
BajuChrame
HsifanP'rome
P'umPimi
PrimmiPrummi
Sichuan PumiSouthern Pumi
TshomiXifan
ROP3 Code: 108172
Joshua Project People ID: 14474
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 49,000
Population all Countries: 49,000
Least-Reached: Yes
   
 
Affinity Bloc: Tibetan-Himalayan Peoples
People Cluster: Tibeto-Burman, other
People Name General: Pumi
Ethnic Code: MSY50z
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
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Primary Language: Pumi, Southern
Language Code (ISO): pmj    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Pumi, Northern (Unknown)
Total Languages: 2
   
 
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.10 %(Evangelical: 0.08 %)
Ethnic Religions97.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious2.90 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent100.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
 
 
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: Help start a Bible Translation
New Testament: None Reported
Complete Bible: None Reported
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
 
 
Ministry Activity
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Networking: Visit LinkingGlobalVoices.org for networking possibilities.
Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
 
Data Notes
Data Sources
 
 

Pumi in China

Peoples
               
Geographic
Global                 Global
           
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
           
   
People Cluster
       
Region
   
    Tibeto-Burman, other     Northeast Asia    
     
People-Group-Across-Countries
   
Country
   
      Pumi China    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Pumi in China          
      Religion Language  
      Ethnic Religions     Pumi, Southern  
    Global    
Language
 
    All Religions                              
   
Religion
                             

Direct link:  http://legacy.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?rog3=CH&peo3=14474