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Evenki, Aoluguya in China

Evenki, Aoluguya

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Evenki, Aoluguya in China map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
400 Evenki Ethnic Religions 0.00 % 0.00 % Not available Not available   

Evenki, Aoluguya in China

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Identity
The Tungus Ewenki - also known as the Khamnigan Ewenki - are one of four people groups combined to form the official Ewenki nationality in China. Each group speaks a different language and has varying customs. It is believed that the Ewenki were originally tribes or clans in Russia who migrated into China at different times 300 to 400 years ago.

Approximately 1,000 of the 1,600 Tungus Ewenki are able to speak their language. One scholar describes the language as "endangered in China and possibly extinct in Mongolia and Russia." For now, it is still spoken in the homes of two-thirds of Tungus Ewenki children, most of whom can also speak the local variety of Mongolian and Chinese.

History
The forefathers of the Ewenki lived in the forests north and east of Lake Baikal in Siberia and along the upper reaches of the Heilong River. They had a close relationship with the Northern Shiweis during the Northern Wei Dynasty (AD 386-534) and the Ju tribe at the time of the Tang Dynasty (618-907). "In the mid-1600s, aggression by Tsarist Russia led the Qing government in China to move the Ewenkis to the area around the tributaries of the Nenjiang River in the Hinggan Mountains. In 1732, 1,600 Ewenki soldiers and their dependents were moved to the Hulunbuir grasslands."

Customs
The Tungus Ewenki live in nimor, or clans, which are groups of three to ten blood families. Some Tungus Ewenki live deep within the forests. Others have chosen to live on the grasslands where they have been influenced by Mongolian culture.

Religion
Many of the Tungus Ewenki who have experienced prolonged interaction with Mongolians have been converted to Tibetan Buddhism. The remainder practice shamanism, an ancient form of witchcraft and spiritism. The Tungus are also the only Ewenki group in China known to contain Christians.

Christianity
Various sources agree that there are approximately 100 Ewenki Christians in Chenbaehru. The Tungus Ewenki believers are members of the Eastern Orthodox Church. However, "because of the profound influence of Shamanism, they worship the statue of Jesus and other idols together. Priests of the Eastern Orthodox Church also participate in the religious activities of the Ewenkis."

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Country: China
Continent: Asia
Region: Northeast Asia
Persecution Rank:39 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Total Provinces on file:1
Location in Country:The Solon Ewenki are the largest of the four Ewenki groups in China. They account for approximately 80% of all Ewenki in China, which amounts to more than 21,000 of the total 1990 census figure of 26,300 for the Ewenki nationality. The Ewenki are also found in Russia and Mongolia. They have survived for centuries in the harsh temperatures of north Asian winters. The Solon Ewenki primarily inhabit the Morindawa, Oroqen, and Arong Banners in the eastern part of Inner Mongolia. There they live alongside Mongols, Daur, and Oroqen. It is a beautiful region, with more than 600 lakes and freshwater springs located among the pasture lands and woods of the Greater Hinggan Mountains. A small number of Solon Ewenki also live in Nehe County in Heilongjiang.
(Source: Operation China, 2000)
   
 
Maps
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Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
 
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Evenki, Aoluguya
People Name General: Evenki
Alternate People Names:
EvenkiEvenks
EwenkeEwenki
Manchurian SolonOwenke
SolonSolon Evenki
SuolunTungus
ROP3 Code: 114054
Joshua Project People ID: 18453
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 400
Population all Countries: 39,000
Least-Reached: Yes
   
 
Affinity Bloc: Turkic Peoples
People Cluster: Altaic
People Name General: Evenki
Ethnic Code: MSY41i
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
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Primary Language: Evenki
Language Code (ISO): evn    Ethnologue Listing
Primary Dialect:Chenba'erhu
Dialect Code:9684
Total Languages: 1
   
 
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions
Major Religions:
Buddhism40.00 % 
Christianity0.00 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions50.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious10.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent10.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox90.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 5   Greater than or equal to 5% Evangelical
 
 
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1995
New Testament: None Reported
Complete Bible: None Reported
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
 
 
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
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Evenki, Aoluguya in China

Peoples
               
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    Altaic     Northeast Asia    
     
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      Evenki China    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Evenki, Aoluguya in China          
      Religion Language  
      Ethnic Religions     Evenki  
    Global    
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Direct link:  http://legacy.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?rog3=CH&peo3=18453