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Kyakala in China


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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
2,900 Chinese, Mandarin Non-Religious 0.00 % 0.00 %   

Kyakala in China

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The Kyakala are the remnant of a people whose assimilation into surrounding nationalities was hastened by the large populations of their neighbors. The Kyakala were initially consumed into the Manchu nationality, which in turn has largely been swallowed up by the Han Chinese. Assimilation occurs when "members of minority groups have absorbed the characteristics of the dominant group to the exclusion of their own and become indistinguishable from members of the majority."

The Kyakala area was controlled by the Japanese between 1932 and 1945. Horrific cruelty was inflicted on the inhabitants of Manchuria. "Over 4,000 were exterminated in bestial fashion; some were frozen or infected with bubonic plague, others were injected with syphilis, and many were roasted alive in furnaces." Fu Yuguang of the Jilin Institute of Ethnic Studies in Changchun is presently the most competent scholar on the Kyakala.

Many Kyakala people today earn their living from their involvement in cross-border trade with the Russians, which has increased markedly since the collapse of the Soviet Union. The main items traded are food, clothing, and household goods.

Once a people dominated by shamanism, the Kyakala show few traces of their former religion today. Most of these people are nonreligious, although many elderly Kyakala retain ancestor worship practices in their homes.

There are no known Kyakala Christians. A revival in the 1990s swept through many parts of Heilongjiang Province but did not encompass the Kyakala area in the northwest of the province. The Kyakala would now best be reached by using the Chinese Scriptures.

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Country: China
Continent: Asia
Region: Northeast Asia
Persecution Rank:43 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:Approximately 2,000 members of the Kyakala were reported in 1996. None, however, are able to still speak the Kyakala language. The majority are concentrated to the south of Heihe County in Heilongjiang Province. Heihe is located on the China- Russia border. Due to the recent thawing in relations between the two countries, Chinese tour groups are now able to cross the border from Heihe into the Russian town of Blagovenshcensk. "Chinese tourists don't find much to buy in Russia, but are impressed to see a city where nobody spits and people actually stand in line." Smaller numbers of Kyakala live in various cities between the Ussuri and Sungari river basins.
(Source: Operation China, 2000)
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Kyakala
People Name General: Kyakala
Alternate People Names:
QiakalaUdege Kyakala
ROP3 Code: 114144
Joshua Project People ID: 18529
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 2,900
Population all Countries: 2,900
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: Turkic Peoples
People Cluster: Altaic
People Name General: Kyakala
Ethnic Code: MSY41i
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Chinese, Mandarin (2,900 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): cmn    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Non-Religious
Major Religions:
Buddhism45.00 % 
Christianity0.00 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious55.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1864-1986
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 1874-1983
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsChrist for the Nations
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament - Traditional (FCBH ...
Audio RecordingsOnline Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoChanged Lives (
Film / VideoCreation to Christ (
Film / VideoFathers Love Letter
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / VideoJesus film: view in Mandarin Chinese
Film / VideoLight of Revelation (
Film / VideoMagdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoMy Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / VideoOpen the Doors See the Mountains (Indigi ...
Film / VideoPath to Truth and Life (
Film / VideoStory of Hope (
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / VideoThe Hope Video: View in Chinese, Mandari ...
Film / VideoThe Prophets Story (
GeneralBible Visuals
GeneralChinese Blog about Unreached Peoples
GeneralFour Spiritual Laws
GeneralGot Questions Ministry
Text / Printed MatterBible Gateway Scripture
Text / Printed MatterBible: Chinese Union Version, Shangti Ed ...
Text / Printed MatterBible: Chinese Union Version, Shen Editi ...
Text / Printed MatterBible: Revised Chinese Union Version, Tr ...
Text / Printed MatterBible: 新譯本(繁體字版)
Text / Printed MatterBibles, Bible League
Text / Printed MatterCartoon Gospel tract
Text / Printed MatterEasyBibles
Text / Printed MatterEasyBibles
Text / Printed MatterEasyBibles
Text / Printed MatterInternational Bible Society
Text / Printed MatterOneHope resources for children and youth
Text / Printed MatterOneHope resources for children and youth
Text / Printed MatterWorld Missionary Press Booklets
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Kyakala in China

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Altaic     Northeast Asia    
      Kyakala China    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Kyakala in China          
      Religion Language  
      Non-Religious     Chinese, Mandarin  
    All Religions                              

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