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Mongol, Khalka in China

Mongol, Khalka

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Mongol, Khalka in China map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
68,000 Mongolian, Halh Buddhism 0.25 % 0.19 %   

Mongol, Khalka in China

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The name Khalka means "shield." The region of northern Mongolia has been called the shield since the sixteenth century. In the early 1900s one missionary described the Mongols as "well-built and sturdy. In appearance he is dirty and unkempt. His unwashed face and hands, tousled hair, and shaggy, greasy, sheep-skin garments create a prejudice against him. On the other hand, he is simple-minded, fearless, and self-reliant; generous, and comparatively honest, kindly, hospitable, and easily approached and understood when treated with proper consideration."

The Khalka language is largely intelligible with the standard spoken by most Mongols in China. Speakers from the two countries have little trouble understanding each other; however, one linguist points out that the two languages "have important phonological and loan differences."

The Khalka keep "carefully preserved genealogies to prove they are descendants of Genghis Khan." For centuries they were ruled by a hereditary line of nobles and princes, until they were stripped of power by the Mongolian and Chinese Communist governments this century.

The greatest festival of the year for all Mongols is nadam, a word meaning "amusement." Mongols from far and wide gather for horse racing, wrestling, and other fun and games.

The majority of Khalka Mongols in China follow Tibetan Buddhism, also known as Lamaism. "It has welded them together, has leavened their civilization with religious ideals, and has made them kind and hospitable. But, on the other hand, it has robbed their manhood of its energy and natural ambition. Until the power of Lamaism, with its overgrown, dissolute, and corrupting priesthood, is broken, there can be no hope of arresting the sure decay of the Mongols or of preventing their ultimate extinction."

There are a few known Christians among the Khalka in China. Prior to 1949 the Catholic Church claimed many converts (mostly Han Chinese) in Inner Mongolia, but one critic observed that "very often the incentive held out to the heathen is an economic one. The converts are invited to live on the land, each family is given an ox, a plow, a small field and sufficient seed." Portions of the Bible were first translated into Khalka in the early twentieth century, but the script used is now obsolete. Early missionary work was slow and difficult. "Looking back on our work in Mongolia it seems dark, having borne little fruit, but I lift my eyes upward to Him who can look deeper and farther than we can look and does not judge simply by the outward appearance as we do. We believe there will be some saved souls from Mongolia in the great blood-washed multitude before the throne of the Redeemer."

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Country: China
Continent: Asia
Region: Northeast Asia
Persecution Rank:43 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:The Khalka language, or Hahl for short, is the main language of the nation of Mongolia. In addition, approximately 50,000 speakers of Khalka are located along the China- Mongolia border.
(Source: Operation China, 2000)
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Mongol, Khalka
People Name General: Mongol, Khalka
Alternate People Names:
BayitHahl Mongol
Khalkha MongolMeng Zu
OiratSoutheastern Mongolian
Western Mongul
ROP3 Code: 114225
Joshua Project People ID: 18605
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 68,000
Population all Countries: 2,165,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: East Asian Peoples
People Cluster: Mongolian
People Name General: Mongol, Khalka
Ethnic Code: MSY41f
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Mongolian, Halh
Language Code (ISO): khk    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Buddhism
Religion Sub-division:Tibetan
Major Religions:
Buddhism60.00 % 
Christianity0.25 %(Evangelical: 0.19 %)
Ethnic Religions30.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious9.75 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent90.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic10.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 2   Less than 2% Evangelical. Initial (localized) church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1979-1991
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 2003
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoBuilding a Family of Love ( ...
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Mongolian, Halh
Film / VideoMagdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoMy Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
GeneralGot Questions Ministry
Text / Printed MatterBible: Mongolian Ariun Bible, 2004 Editi ...
Text / Printed MatterFathers Love Letter
Text / Printed MatterWorld Missionary Press Booklets
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Mongol, Khalka in China

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Mongolian     Northeast Asia    
      Mongol, Khalka China    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Mongol, Khalka in China          
      Religion Language  
      Buddhism     Mongolian, Halh  
    All Religions                              

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