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Fulani, Pulaar in Gambia

Fulani, Pulaar

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Fulani, Pulaar in Gambia map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
6,800 Pulaar Islam 0.20 % 0.10 %   

Fulani, Pulaar in Gambia

People Group Video [7]
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Introduction / History
Over one million Tukulor live in West Africa. While most of them live in the nation of Senegal, another group can be found in Gambia, where they comprise about a small percentage of the population. The Tukulor are thought to have descended from the Fulani and the Wolof or Serer tribes. The name "Tukulor" is derived from the word Takrur, which is an Arabic term used to describe an eleventh century realm near the middle Senegal River Valley. Today, the Tukulor are known by a number of names, including Pulaar, Haal Pulaar, and Torobe. They have retained their respective languages, and many are also fluent in Arabic.

Most of the Guinea Tukulor live a rural lifestyle, raising livestock, farming, and fishing. Sadly, a steadily rising population and an unequal distribution of land have resulted in the emigration of large numbers of Tukulor (particularly youth) to the cities in search of better job opportunities.

What are their lives like?
Traditional Tukulor society is divided into four main social classes, each having twelve "castes." Their social life is a mixture of native customs and Islamic traditions. Neither Islam, the effects of colonization, nor the goals of various national leaders have been able to erase the old social divisions.

The torobe are the aristocratic class. The middle class, or rimbe, is made up of fishermen, farmers, tradesmen, and administrators. The middle class also includes the craftsmen, and the lower class includes the freed slaves and the slaves. Social status rarely changes; however, slaves are freed at every third generation. The Tukulor marry within their class divisions, women usually between the ages of 16 and 18, and men between the ages of 25 and 30. Although it is uncommon, a man may have up to four wives. Families are generally large, with an average of six children per family.

Traditional, rural Tukulor villages are small. They have round huts made of clay or rough bricks, with straw roofs. Villages are governed by a group of elders from the aristocratic caste. Dietary staples include rice, millet, sorghum, fish, nuts, and fruit. The average per capita income is only $150 to $200 per year.

Tukulor women often wear large, embedded pieces of wood in the soft lobes of their ears and have two small facial slits near the outside corners of both eyes. Although female genital mutilation is becoming increasingly illegal, over half of Tukulor girls from the ages of three to nine undergo this practice in order to be considered "clean" and worthy of marriage.

What are their beliefs?
The Tukulor first accepted Islam in the eleventh century. Traditional Muslim beliefs, such as the nature of man and his destiny after death, play a significant role in the people's outlook on life. Muslim brotherhoods teach a mystical approach to Islam: the people seek closer relationships to God through rituals, prayer, and other techniques. However, Islam has not brought any major changes to Tukulor attitudes toward spiritism and magic. The people still use charms, amulets, and witchcraft. The Tukulor attribute supernatural powers to various Muslim clerics who practice divination, the use of supernatural powers.

What are their needs?
Decreasing income from the sale of agricultural products, encroachment by the Sahara Desert on farm land, deforestation, and increasing population are resulting in extreme financial concerns for the Tukulor. Nearly all village water sources are polluted. Malaria and other infectious diseases inflict a heavy toll each year. Although there is some literacy among the aristocracy, most of the Tukulor are illiterate.

Islam has enormous penetration into every aspect of Tukulor life. A somewhat isolated people with minimal exposure to other religious ideas, the Tukulor view the world and gain their personal identities from their rigid beliefs in the Islamic family and community. They are extremely reluctant to leave the world they know.

Prayer Points
* Ask the Lord to grant wisdom and favor to missions agencies currently focusing on the Tukulor.
* Pray that the Holy Spirit will anoint the Gospel as it goes forth via radio among the Tukulor.
* Ask God to give the small number of Tukulor believers boldness to share Christ with their own people.
* Ask God to save key Tukulor leaders who will share the love of Jesus with their own people.
* Ask God to raise up prayer teams who will break up the spiritual soil of Gambia through worship and intercession.
* Pray that strong local churches will be raised up among the Tukulor.

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Tukulor People Video
  Submit Update:
Country: Gambia
Continent: Africa
Region: West and Central Africa
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:Central River, Lower River, North Bank, and Upper River divisions.
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
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Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Fulani, Pulaar
People Name General: Fulani, Pulaar
Alternate People Names:
FutankoobeHaal Pulaaren
ROP3 Code: 110257
Joshua Project People ID: 15622
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 6,800
Population all Countries: 1,533,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: Sub-Saharan Peoples
People Cluster: Fulani / Fulbe
People Name General: Fulani, Pulaar
Ethnic Code: NAB56c
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Pulaar (6,800 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): fuc    Ethnologue Listing
Primary Dialect:Toucouleur
Dialect Code:1877
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.20 %(Evangelical: 0.10 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam99.80 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent19.00 %
Protestant16.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic65.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1982-1993
New Testament:
Complete Bible: None Reported
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Pulaar
Film / VideoMagdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoMore Than Dreams (
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Fulani, Pulaar in Gambia

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Fulani / Fulbe     West and Central Africa    
      Fulani, Pulaar Gambia    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Fulani, Pulaar in Gambia          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Pulaar  
    All Religions                              

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