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Bawean in Indonesia

Bawean

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Bawean in Indonesia map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
101,000 Madura Islam 0.50 % 0.01 %   

Bawean in Indonesia

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Introduction / History
The Bawean homeland is a 200 square kilometer island 120 kilometers north of Surabaya (East Java) in the middle of the Java Sea. Bawean has been known as the "island of women" because the majority of its inhabitants are women. This is because the men tend to look for employment in other lands. A man from Tanjung Ori village who worked for 20 years in Malaysia said, "A Bawean male is not considered an adult until he has stepped on foreign soil." Merantau (going to distant lands to seek success) is a major aspect of Bawean culture and it influences almost every other facet of their society. A significant number of the Baweanese reside in Malaysia. In fact, the Baweanese population there far exceeds that found on the island itself, which numbers 60,000 inhabitants. Other areas of Baweanese migration include Perth, Australia and Singapore, where they are known as the Boyanese people. Linguistically speaking, the Bawean dialect is part of Madura language which also includes the dialects of Bangkalan, Pamekasan, Sampang, Sapudi and Sumenep.

What are their lives like?
The culture of merantau creates some interesting dynamics for the Bawean people. On one hand, their homeland is isolated and cut off from modern Indonesian life. On the other hand, they are very exposed to the world through their family members who migrate and then return to Bawean. Although early settlers came from the island of Madura (as seen in the similarity of their languages), over the centuries the Baweanese have developed their own unique culture. Influences are evident from Madura, Java, South Sulawesi, Sumatra and Kalimantan. Because of this, an Indonesian journalist, Emmanuel Subangun, wrote in 1976 that the Bawean people are a "crystallization of Indonesian ethnic variety." The main sources of income for those living and working on the island are farming and fishing. Apart from this, some residents own small shops, make grass mats from palm leaf fiber as a local handicraft, or quarry the high quality onyx on the island for export and local sale. Most of the income on the island comes from family members who live and work overseas and send money back to Bawean.

What are their beliefs?
Originally the Bawean embraced animistic beliefs. Then Hindu and Buddhist influences entered the island until the 1600s when the Baweanese people converted to Islam. Their religious devotion is extremely strong and they pride themselves in the fact that 100% of the island's inhabitants follow Islam. There are many mosques (mesjid), small Islamic prayer houses (musholla) and traditional Islamic schools (pesantren) in every village. Boys and girls from six or seven years of age receive religious instruction including lessons in reciting the Qur'an and sometimes live in the house of a kyai (Islamic teacher). The kyai is greatly respected by the Bawean people.

What are their needs?
Although the standard of living on the island is higher than in many other isolated locations, there are still many unmet needs. Electricity 24 hours a day has recently come to the island, as have telephones, Bawean's first bank and a few computers. Yet many homes are still without indoor bathrooms. The tourism sector is open for development in light of Bawean's natural beauty. All of the above are assets to improve Bawean's economy and open doors to reach out to the Bawean people.

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Country: Indonesia
Continent: Asia
Region: Southeast Asia
Persecution Rank:38 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:Jawa Timur Province, coastal areas of main island south and west of Surabaja city, southwest of Madura island; other island groups with speakers include Sapudi, Bawean, and Kangean islands; Java Sea, assorted islands with language communities under jurisdiction of Kalimantan Selatan Province.
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
   
 
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Country Map:Political map
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
 
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Bawean
People Name General: Bawean
Alternate People Names:
BaweaneseBoyanese
ROP3 Code: 101162
Joshua Project People ID: 10740
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 101,000
Population all Countries: 186,000
Least-Reached: Yes
   
 
Affinity Bloc: Malay Peoples
People Cluster: Madura of Java
People Name General: Bawean
Ethnic Code: MSY44h
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
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Primary Language: Madura
Language Code (ISO): mad    Ethnologue Listing
Primary Dialect:Bawean
Dialect Code:13255
Total Languages: 1
   
 
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.50 %(Evangelical: 0.01 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam99.50 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant100.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
 
 
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1890-1987
New Testament:
YesAudio
Complete Bible: 1994
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoDebt of Honour (Indigitube.tv)
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Madura
 
 
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources
 
 

Bawean in Indonesia

Peoples
               
Geographic
Global                 Global
           
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
           
   
People Cluster
       
Region
   
    Madura of Java     Southeast Asia    
     
People-Group-Across-Countries
   
Country
   
      Bawean Indonesia    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Bawean in Indonesia          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Madura  
    Global    
Language
 
    All Religions                              
   
Religion
                             

Direct link:  http://legacy.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?rog3=ID&peo3=10740