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Madiga (Hindu traditions) in India

Madiga (Hindu traditions)

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Madiga (Hindu traditions) in India map

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
7,420,000 Telugu Hinduism 0.21 % Unknown   

Madiga (Hindu traditions) in India

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Introduction / History
The Madiga are a Scheduled Caste and are mainly in Andhra Pradesh (the term mainly from other sources) but also in Kerala, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka.

In Andra Pradesh, the Madiga are also called Adi Andhra, Jambavalu etc. They live mainly in the rural regions. They speak, read and write in Telugu. They are less than average in height. They are not vegetarian and alcohol is consumed. The traditional work of the Madiga is making footwear and leather work. Most of them work as laborers in agriculture. They are Hindus and worship the gods Shiva and Vishnu. Many have become Christians. In urban regions many have good jobs due to their education. The literacy level is low though. They use family planning and modern medicine. The young have taken a liking to computers and machines recently. (

The Madiga, Scheduled Caste, of Tamil Nadu are mainly in the northern districts. They are also called Madigollu. They speak in Telugu and can speak in Tamil also. The work they do includes shoemaking and tanning. Many are agricultural laborers but in urban regions many do industrial work. They have a five member local judiciary. They are Hindus but some have become Christians. They have a low literacy level.

There are only a very few living in Pondicherry and they are also called Adi Andhra. They are mainly leather workers. They are mostly Hindu with a few Christians and Buddhists. Most can read and write.

In Karnataka, the Madiga, Scheduled Caste, are also called Arundhatiyan, Gosangi and Purun Bhatta. They are not vegetarians and eat cereals such as rice. Marriage is permitted with the daughter of the sister of the father, the daughter of the brother of the mother and the daughter of the elder sister. Their main work is leather work, tanning and agricultural labor. They are Hindus but some have become Christians. Their literacy level is low.

The Madiga of Maharashtra, Scheduled Caste, speak Marathi and read and write in Devanagari. The women help in hide tanning and act as midwives. They work in agriculture for example. Not many own their own land. They are on the low side regarding literacy.

The Madiga in Kerala are also called Jambava or Mathanga. They are in the Kasargod region. They speak Malayalam, Kannada and Tulu with other communities. and read and write in Malayalam and Kannada. They eat beef, rice and ragi. They like to marry cousins. Marriages are usually done by exchange or by discussion. Divorce is not allowed but the bereaved can remarry. Inheritance goes to the oldest son. In childhood, ceremonies such as naming ceremonies take place. The dead are buried in their own section.

A traditional caste council judges in disputes among the Madiga. They follow the Hindu religion. They refuse food from the Holeya but accept it from other communities.

(Except for the very few in Pondicherry there is a low literacy level suggesting that there is a need for the gospel to be given in oral form too).

Singh, K. S., ed. "India's Communities A-Z", Oxford University Press, USA 1999

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Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: South Asia
Persecution Rank:11 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:7,420,000
Largest States:
Telangana (3,598,000)Andhra Pradesh (3,250,000)
Karnataka (517,000)Maharashtra (11,000)
West Bengal (10,000)Tamil Nadu (8,200)
Chhattisgarh (6,000)Jharkhand (3,400)
Kerala (2,700)Odisha (2,700)
Total States on file:30
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Madiga (Hindu traditions)
People Name General: Madiga (Hindu traditions)
Alternate People Names:
Adi AndhraAdi Jambava
Adi-Jambava MatangaArundhatiya
ROP3 Code: 112795
Joshua Project People ID: 17397
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 7,420,000
Population all Countries: 7,420,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: Telugu
People Name General: Madiga (Hindu traditions)
Ethnic Code: CNN23d
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Telugu (7,119,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): tel    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
English (458,000)Kannada (190,000)
Konkani, Goan (400)Konkani (200)
Odia (200)Tulu (200)
Total Languages: 7
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.09 % 
Christianity0.21 %(Evangelical: Data not available)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism99.71 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 6   Greater than or equal to 10% Evangelical
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1812-1966
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 1854-2002
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsFathers Love Letter
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsOnline Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio RecordingsOral Bible stories in Telugu
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoFollowing Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Telugu
Film / VideoMagdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoMy Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / VideoThe Hope Video
Film / VideoThe Pearl of Great Price (
GeneralBible Visuals
GeneralFour Spiritual Laws
GeneralGod's Simple Plan
GeneralGot Questions Ministry
Mobile AppDownload Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed MatterBible
Text / Printed MatterBibles, Bible League
Text / Printed MatterEasyBibles
Text / Printed MatterEasyBibles
Text / Printed MatterInternational Bible Society
Text / Printed MatterOneHope resources for children and youth
Text / Printed MatterWorld Missionary Press Booklets
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Madiga (Hindu traditions) in India

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  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Telugu     South Asia    
      Madiga (Hindu traditions) India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Madiga (Hindu traditions) in India          
      Religion Language  
      Hinduism     Telugu  
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