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Baloch, Southern in Iran

Baloch, Southern

Send us a photo of this people.  [1]

Baloch, Southern in Iran map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
484,000 Balochi, Southern Islam 0.00 % 0.00 % Not available   

Baloch, Southern in Iran

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Introduction / History
The Southern Baluch of Iran are part of a much larger Baluch community numbering about eight million. Their homeland straddles the borders of Iran and Pakistan, with a majority living in Pakistan. About half of those in Iran live in cities, while the others are semi-nomadic shepherds. The various Baluch groups speak different languages, each with distinguishing characteristics. These languages have been divided into three groups: Eastern, Western, and Southern Baluchi.

Their name, "Baluch," is shrouded in controversy. Some say it means "nomad," while others claim that it is an old Persian word meaning "the cock's crest." Their history is just as mysterious. Some have traced their origins to Nimrod, son of Cush (Noah's grandson). But while some things are uncertain, we do know that they first moved to the region in the twelfth century. During the Moghul period, this territory became known as "Baluchistan."

What are their lives like?
Baluchmayar is the honor code by which the Baluch live. These principles include extending hospitality and mercy, dealing with each other honestly, and offering refuge to strangers. They are preserved through both songs and poetry. Children learn proper behavior by watching their elders, and are taunted whenever they misbehave.

The traditional Baluch economy is based on a combination of farming and semi-nomadic shepherding. They usually raise sheep, cattle, or goats. Agriculture is limited because of the harsh climate; nevertheless, it plays a large role in the economy. Their chief crop is wheat. While their survival techniques may vary, each community tries to keep a wide variety of animals and grow many different crops. If the local economy does not provide adequate job opportunities, the young men often move to the cities in search of work.

One wild plant, called the "dwarf palm," is used as a dietary supplement. The meat of the palm is eaten, and the leaves are used to make ropes, shoes, mats, and tents.

Baluch societies are organized into kin-based clans and territorially defined tribes. Male elders are the heads of these tribal units. Village settlements are clusters of mud houses, loosely organized around the home of the local chief. They live in these permanent settlements in the summertime. However, in winter, they migrate to the plains and coastal areas, seeking green grass for their livestock. During this time, they live in tents, and move freely across the landscape as the weather dictates. These temporary settlements are smaller.

The entire household is responsible for tending the family's herd. Women work in groups, threshing and separating the harvest; while plowing and planting are done by the men. Traditionally, land is not privately owned but belongs to the whole tribe.

What are their beliefs?
Prior to the coming of Islam, the Baluch were probably followers of Zoroaster. Today, they are Sunni Muslims. Their religious practices remain private, and there is no concept of a "state religion." All forms of secular authority are separated from the spiritual authority held by religious leaders.

What are their needs?
The Baluch have been isolated for many years due to Iran's harsh climate, the difficulty of communicating in mountainous terrain, and their reputation as bandits. Since the governments of Iran, Afghanistan, and Pakistan all have a share in Baluchistan's welfare, they have begun building roads and developing agriculture programs. However, the Baluch have remained largely unaffected by these developmental changes.

Since illiteracy among the Baluch is very high, Christian workers might find open doors into Iran as teachers.

Prayer Points
* Ask the Lord to call those who are willing to go to Iran and share Christ with the Baluch.
* Pray that God will give missions agencies favor and strategies for reaching these Muslims.
* Ask God to open doors for Christian businessmen, teachers, and other tentmakers to share the Gospel with them.
* Ask the Holy Spirit to soften the hearts of the Southern Baluch towards Christians so that they will be receptive to the Gospel.
* Pray that God will open the hearts of Iranian governmental leaders to the Gospel.
* Ask the Lord to raise up a strong local church among the Southern Baluch.

View Baloch, Southern in all countries.

Prayer Links  
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Country: Iran
Continent: Asia
Region: Central Asia
Persecution Rank:8 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Total Provinces on file:3
Location in Country:South Sistan va Baluchestan Province; Hormozgan Province, southeast coastal areas; Kerman Province, Rudbar-e Jonubi and Qaleh Ganj counties.
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
   
 
Maps
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Country Map:Political map
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
 
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Baloch, Southern
People Name General: Baloch, Southern
Alternate People Names:
BalochBaluch
Baluchi, SouthernSouthern Baluch
ROP3 Code: 109469
Joshua Project People ID: 15034
Indigenous: No
Population in Country: 484,000
Population all Countries: 1,658,000
Least-Reached: Yes
   
 
Affinity Bloc: Persian-Median
People Cluster: Baloch
People Name General: Baloch, Southern
Ethnic Code: CNT24b
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
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Primary Language: Balochi, Southern (484,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): bcc    Ethnologue Listing
Primary Dialect:Baluchi Makrani
Dialect Code:3564
Total Languages: 1
   
 
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.00 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam100.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
 
 
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1992-1994
New Testament:
1999
Complete Bible: None Reported
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Balochi, Southern
Film / VideoThe Prophets Story - Tamil Musalmani (In ...
GeneralGot Questions Ministry
 
 
Ministry Activity
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Networking: Visit LinkingGlobalVoices.org for networking possibilities.
Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
 
Data Notes
Data Sources
 
 

Baloch, Southern in Iran

Peoples
               
Geographic
Global                 Global
           
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
           
   
People Cluster
       
Region
   
    Baloch     Central Asia    
     
People-Group-Across-Countries
   
Country
   
      Baloch, Southern Iran    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Baloch, Southern in Iran          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Balochi, Southern  
    Global    
Language
 
    All Religions                              
   
Religion
                             

Direct link:  http://legacy.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?rog3=IR&peo3=15034