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Berber, Rifi in Morocco

Berber, Rifi

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Berber, Rifi in Morocco map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
1,493,000 Tarifit Islam 0.03 % 0.00 % Not available   

Berber, Rifi in Morocco

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Introduction / History
The Northern Shilha of Algeria and Morocco, known as the "Rif Berbers," are numerous tribes of tough and hardened people eking out an existence on the harsh, uninviting slopes of the Rif Mountains. The land, located in the northwestern portion of Africa, is a combination of deserts, mountains, and rolling fields. It is bordered by two rivers and 145 miles of coastline.

The word "rif" is an Arabic word meaning "the edge of cultivated area." The Rif Berbers are actually made up of 19 tribes: five in the west along the Mediterranean coast, seven in the center, five in the east, and two in the southeastern desert area.

Despite the rugged environment, these people remain bound by strong family traditions. Their farming is done mostly by hand, providing a meager crop at best. Influenced by a Mediterranean climate, the winters are mild and the summers hot and dry. Along the coast, it is humid in the summer months.

What are their lives like?
In contrast to the Southern and Central Shilha, raising livestock plays only a secondary role in the lives of the Northern Shilha. They grow some sorgo (grain) for feed, but the fig and olive trees that cover the mountain slopes make up their principal resources. Incomes are supplemented through job opportunities in major cities of Europe. In fact, such jobs lure up to one-third of the male population for most of the year.

In rural communities, the effects of modernization are scarce, despite government projects to aid farm production. The Rif often reject these efforts as being an intrusion upon their culture and traditions.

Rif houses are usually built of stone and have flat roofs. Some of the poorer people live in wood huts plastered with mud. Houses are often placed on ridges or other such locations, at least 300 meters from the nearest neighbor. This proves to be strategic in times of defense.

The Shilha women wear long, colorful dresses and head scarves. The men wear the traditional djellaba cloak, which is made of wool or cotton with wide sleeves and a hood. They also wear turbans, which are distinctive and unique to each particular tribe. Younger men often wear western style clothing.

The Northern Shilha follow a traditional Muslim, male-dominated family structure. When the man dies, each son sets up his own household, and the cycle continues.

Education is strictly a male privilege, but it does not have a high priority. If a family has many sons, they may send their third and fourth sons to an Islamic school.

Overpopulation and poverty are big problems among the Rif. Too many children, insufficient crops, and increasing migration of the young men to the European cities are all major concerns.

What are their beliefs?
The Northern Shilha are nearly all Muslim; however, their religious practices are based more on traditions and the decisions of the community judges than on the Koran. Their societies are organized around two main systems: Islam and the tribe. However, there are many differences between urban and rural societies. In urban areas, orthodox Islam prevails; whereas, in rural societies, ancient beliefs and customs are intermingled with their Muslim faith.

Although the Northern Shilha have been one of the most responsive Berber groups to Bible correspondence courses offered by radio, there has been no known Protestant witness living among them for at least a century. Some progress has been made among the Rif migrants in urban centers.

What are their needs?
The Northern Shilha have not taken advantage of the educational opportunities available to them, apparently not realizing their importance. Modern farming methods are desperately needed to aid farm production in the mostly arid soil.

Although the New Testament and a Christian witness are accessible to them, a majority of the Rif have not yet heard the Gospel.

Prayer Points
* Ask the Lord to call people who are willing to go to Morocco and share Christ with the Northern Shilha.
* Pray that the doors of Morocco will soon open to missionaries.
* Ask God to strengthen, encourage, and protect the small number of Northern Shilha Christians.
* Ask the Holy Spirit to soften the hearts of the Northern Shilha towards Christians so that they will be receptive to the Gospel.
* Pray that God will open the hearts of Morocco's governmental leaders to the Gospel.
* Ask the Lord to raise a strong local church among the Northern Shilha.

View Berber, Rifi in all countries.

Prayer Links  
PrayerGuard.net
Global Prayer Digest: 2006-11-06
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Country: Morocco
Continent: Africa
Region: Middle East and North Africa
10/40 Window: Yes
Total Provinces on file:2
Location in Country:Taza-Al Hoceima-Taounate and Oriental regions. Dialects from all areas of the Rif.
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
   
 
Maps
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Country Map:Political map
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
 
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Berber, Rifi
People Name General: Berber, Rif
Alternate People Names:
BeraberBerber
ImazighenJebala
Northern ShilhaNorthern Shilih
RifRif Berber
RiffRiffan Berber
RiffiRiffi Berber
RiffianRuafa
Shilha, NorthernShleuh
ROP3 Code: 101275
Joshua Project People ID: 10803
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 1,493,000
Population all Countries: 1,785,000
Least-Reached: Yes
   
 
Affinity Bloc: Arab World
People Cluster: Berber-Riff
People Name General: Berber, Rif
Ethnic Code: CMT32e
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
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Primary Language: Tarifit (1,493,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): rif    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
   
 
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.03 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam99.87 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.10 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent11.00 %
Protestant10.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic79.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
 
 
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1887-2001
New Testament:
2009
Complete Bible: None Reported
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsOnline Scripture / Portions
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Tarifit
Film / VideoMagdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoMy Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Text / Printed MatterRifi Berber Bible
 
 
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources
 
 

Berber, Rifi in Morocco

Peoples
               
Geographic
Global                 Global
           
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
           
   
People Cluster
       
Region
   
    Berber-Riff     Middle East and North Africa    
     
People-Group-Across-Countries
   
Country
   
      Berber, Rif Morocco    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Berber, Rifi in Morocco          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Tarifit  
    Global    
Language
 
    All Religions                              
   
Religion
                             

Direct link:  http://legacy.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?rog3=MO&peo3=10803