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Thakali in Nepal

Thakali

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
11,000 Nepali Hinduism 4.41 % Unknown   

Thakali in Nepal

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Identity
The 1991 census in Nepal returned 13,731 members of the Thakali ethnic group, of which 7,113 (51.8%) were still able to speak the Thakali language. They primarily inhabit the Thak Sat Soe area in Thak Khola in the southern part of the Mustang District. Mustang is located within the Dhawalagiri Zone of north-central Nepal. Others have spread out into the 'Myagdi, Baglung, Parbat, Kaski, Gulmi, Syangja, Palpa and Rupendehi districts. The thirteen major Thakali villages are spread on the western bank of the Kali Gandaki Gorge through which flows the Kali River.' The Thakali region is spectacular, flanked by the massive Annapurna Himal and the Dhawalagiri Himal, with peaks rising to 8,090 metres (26,535 ft.).

The Nepal government acknowledges the Thakali as one of the 61 ethnic groups of their nation. They also officially acknowledge the Marphali, Thintan and Syangtan as separate groups, even though they 'resemble the Thakalis in every conceivable way'. There are four major clan divisions among the Thakali: namely Chhyoki, Salki, Dhimchen and Bhurki.

Thakali men traditionally obtain their brides by abducting a girl when she is gathering wood in the forest or fetching water from a stream. She is taken back to the boy's home for several days, after which notification is sent to the girl's parents, bidding them to agree to the marriage.

History
For centuries the Thakali dominated the salt trade of western and central Nepal, trading southward into India and northward into Tibet. This has made them one of the wealthiest groups in Nepal today. Although the Thakali language is part of the Tibeto-Burman family, they are making a 'conscious effort to dilute their Bhotia [Tibetan] connection. The trend is towards identification with Hindu castes or better-known ethnic groups.'

Religion
The present transition of the Thakali culture is also seen in their religion. 'Thak Khola is located in the zone where Tibetan cultural influences from the north come into contact with Hindu cultural influences from the south. Thus a mixture of native cultural elements and elements brought in and assimilated from the outside can be witnessed. This syncretism is above all reflected in religion, which is here a combination of animistic, pre-Buddhistic elements joined with Buddhist and Hindu ones. Adherents of Catholicism are now found among the migrated Thakalis and some Thakalis in Kathmandu call themselves atheists.' One source notes, unflatteringly: 'Even the once proud tradition of becoming Buddhist monks is more or less extinct today, and only those old monks and nuns are upholding the traditional religion and beliefs, while the others consider these as the skeleton in their cupboards and wait for the death of these old monks and nuns so that once and for all they can bury the past.'

Christianity
Although the Thakali have been coming under many influences in recent years, Christianity has not been one of them. 'This group is still almost completely unreached with the gospel. A few have heard of and even accepted Christ, but there is still no Thakali speaking church and no Bible in their language.'

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Country: Nepal
Continent: Asia
Region: South Asia
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:11,000
Largest Provinces:
Bagmati (3,000)Dhaulagiri (2,600)
Gandaki (2,300)Lumbini (1,400)
Narayani (400)Rapti (400)
Seti (300)Kosi (200)
Janakpur (200)Mechi (100)
Total Provinces on file:14
Location in Country:They primarily inhabit the Thak sat Soe area in Thak Khola in the southern part of the Mustang District. Others have spread out into the Myagdi, Bablung, Parbat, Kaski, Gulmi, Syangja, Palpa and Rupendehi districts. The 13 major Thakali villages are spread on the western bank of the Kali Gandaki Gorge.
(Source: Peoples of the Buddhist World, 2004)
   
 
Maps
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Country Map:Political map
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
 
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Thakali
People Name General: Thakali
Alternate People Names:
TapaangThaksya
Thakuriतकली
ROP3 Code: 113764
Joshua Project People ID: 18235
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 11,000
Population all Countries: 13,000
Least-Reached: Yes
   
 
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: Nepali-Pahari
People Name General: Thakali
Ethnic Code: CNN25k
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
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Primary Language: Nepali (7,500 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): npi    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Thakali (4,200)Dotyali (40)
Lhowa (20)
Total Languages: 4
   
 
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism46.74 % 
Christianity4.41 %(Evangelical: Data not available)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism48.85 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
 
 
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1850-1961
New Testament:
1821-2010Audio
Complete Bible: 1914-2004
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsNepali Bible stories
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsOnline Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoFollowing Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Nepali
Film / VideoMagdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoMy Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / VideoNew Way - Naya Goreto (Indigitube.tv)
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / VideoThe Hope Video
Film / VideoUntil We Met (Indigitube.tv)
GeneralGot Questions Ministry
Text / Printed MatterBibles, Bible League
Text / Printed MatterEasyBibles
Text / Printed MatterInternational Bible Society
Text / Printed MatterOneHope resources for children and youth
Text / Printed MatterWorld Missionary Press Booklets
 
 
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources
 
 

Thakali in Nepal

Peoples
               
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      Thakali Nepal    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Thakali in Nepal          
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Direct link:  http://legacy.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?rog3=NP&peo3=18235