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Fulani, Pulaar in Senegal

Fulani, Pulaar

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Fulani, Pulaar in Senegal map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
1,010,000 Pulaar Islam 0.00 % 0.00 %   

Fulani, Pulaar in Senegal

People Group Video [7]
Source:  LinkUp AfricaWatchDownload
 
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Introduction / History
Over one million Tukulor live in the West African nations of Senegal, Gambia, Mauritania, Guinea, and Mali. Most of them are located in Senegal, where they comprise nearly one-tenth of the population. They are mainly concentrated in the Middle Senegal River Valley near the Dagana River.

The Tukulor are thought to have descended from the Fulani and the Wolof or Sereres tribes. Their name is derived from the Arabic word Takrur, which was a term used to describe an eleventh century realm near the middle Senegal River Valley. Today, the Tukulor are known by a number of names, including Pulaar and Torobe. They have retained their respective languages, and many are also fluent in Arabic.

Most of the Tukulor live in rural areas, where they raise livestock, farm, and fish for their livelihood. A steadily rising population and an unequal distribution of land have resulted in large numbers of Tukulor (particularly youth) moving to the cities in search of better job opportunities.

What are their lives like?
Traditional Tukulor society is divided into four main social classes, each having twelve "castes." Their social life is a mixture of native customs and Islamic traditions. Neither Islam, the effects of colonization, nor the goals of various national leaders have been able to erase the old social divisions.

The torobe are the aristocratic class. The middle class, or rimbe, is made up of fishermen, farmers, tradesmen, and administrators. The middle class also includes the craftsmen, and the lower class includes the freed slaves and the slaves. Social status rarely changes; however, slaves are freed at every third generation. The Tukulor marry within their class divisions, women usually between the ages of 16 and 18, and men between the ages of 25 and 30. Although it is uncommon, a man may have up to four wives. Families are generally large, with an average of six children per family.

Traditional, rural Tukulor villages are small. They have round huts made of clay or rough bricks, with straw roofs. Villages are governed by a group of elders from the aristocratic caste. Dietary staples include rice, millet, sorghum, fish, nuts, and fruit. The average per capita income is only $150 to $200 per year. The current high levels of unemployment are forcing many men to travel to France or urban areas of Senegal in search of better paying jobs.

Tukulor women often wear large, embedded pieces of wood in the soft lobes of their ears and have two small facial slits near the outside corners of both eyes. Although female genital mutilation is becoming increasingly illegal, over half of Tukulor girls from the ages of three to nine undergo this practice in order to be considered "clean" and worthy of marriage.

What are their beliefs?
The Tukulor first accepted Islam in the eleventh century. Traditional Muslim beliefs, such as the nature of man and his destiny after death, play a significant role in the people's outlook on life. Muslim brotherhoods teach a mystical approach to Islam: the people seek closer relationships to God through rituals, prayer, and other techniques. However, Islam has not brought any major changes to Tukulor attitudes toward spiritism and magic. The people still use charms, amulets, and witchcraft. The Tukulor attribute supernatural powers to various Muslim clerics who practice divination, the use of supernatural powers.

What are their needs?
Decreasing income from the sale of agricultural products, encroachment by the Sahara Desert on farmland, deforestation, and increasing population are resulting in extreme financial concerns for the Tukulor. In addition, the construction of dams on the Senegal River could result in displacement of many families and villages along the Senegal River. Nearly all village water sources are polluted. Malaria and other infectious diseases inflict a heavy toll each year. Although there is some literacy among the aristocracy, most of the Tukulor are illiterate. Christian teachers, humanitarian aid workers, and medical teams are needed to live among the Tukulor and share the love of Jesus with them in practical ways.

Prayer Points
* Ask the Lord to grant wisdom and favor to missions agencies focusing on the Tukulor.
* Pray that the Holy Spirit will anoint the Gospel as it goes forth via radio among the Tukulor.
* Ask the Lord to call Christian teachers, doctors, and humanitarian aid workers to Senegal to share Christ with the Tukulor.
* Ask God to save key Tukulor leaders who will share the love of Jesus with their own people.
* Ask God to raise up prayer teams who will break up the spiritual soil of Senegal through worship and intercession.
* Pray that strong local churches will be raised up among the Tukulor.

View Fulani, Pulaar in all countries.

Prayer Links  
PrayerGuard.net
Global Prayer Digest: 2007-01-15
Global Prayer Digest: 2009-02-18
Global Prayer Digest: 2011-02-05
Global Prayer Digest: 2014-02-19
Link Up Africa
 
Prayer Links
Tukulor People Video
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Country: Senegal
Continent: Africa
Region: West and Central Africa
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:Widespread.
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
   
 
Maps
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Country Map:Political map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
 
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Fulani, Pulaar
People Name General: Fulani, Pulaar
Alternate People Names:
FutankoobeHaal Pulaaren
PulaarTakarir
TooroobeToucouleur
Tukulor
ROP3 Code: 110257
Joshua Project People ID: 15622
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 1,010,000
Population all Countries: 1,490,000
Least-Reached: Yes
   
 
Affinity Bloc: Sub-Saharan Peoples
People Cluster: Fulani / Fulbe
People Name General: Fulani, Pulaar
Ethnic Code: NAB56c
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
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Primary Language: Pulaar (1,010,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): fuc    Ethnologue Listing
Primary Dialect:Toucouleur
Dialect Code:1877
Total Languages: 1
   
 
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.00 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam99.97 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.03 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
 
 
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1982-1993
New Testament:
1997Audio
Complete Bible: None Reported
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Pulaar
Film / VideoMagdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoMore Than Dreams (Indigitube.tv)
 
 
Ministry Activity
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Networking: Visit LinkingGlobalVoices.org for networking possibilities.
Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
 
Data Notes
Data Sources
 
 

Fulani, Pulaar in Senegal

Peoples
               
Geographic
Global                 Global
           
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
           
   
People Cluster
       
Region
   
    Fulani / Fulbe     West and Central Africa    
     
People-Group-Across-Countries
   
Country
   
      Fulani, Pulaar Senegal    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Fulani, Pulaar in Senegal          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Pulaar  
    Global    
Language
 
    All Religions                              
   
Religion
                             

Direct link:  http://legacy.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?rog3=SG&peo3=15622