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Giay in Vietnam

Giay

Send us a photo of this people.  [1]

Giay in Vietnam map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
65,000 Bouyei Ethnic Religions 0.50 % 0.02 % Not available   

Giay in Vietnam

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Introduction / History
Vietnam, located on the eastern border of Southeast Asia, is home to many distinct people groups. Yet, the overwhelming percentage of the population consists of ethnic Vietnamese. Historical upheavals have forced the major people groups to intermingle with others, to split up, and to live in scattered locations. Their cultures, languages, and lifestyles were all affected, resulting in a somewhat blurred national character.

The Nhang immigrated into North Vietnam from China about 200 years ago. They have close cultural relations with the Nung and other Thai groups. Unfortunately, the rapid population growth in Vietnam has strained the limited social services and food supplies. In an attempt to relieve these problems, the government set up a "family planning program." They also resettled several million people into new economic areas. In 1993, the government asked the UN for aid in the resettling of ethnic Vietnamese refugees arriving from Cambodia.

What are their lives like?
The Nhang are primarily farmers and cattle producers. Generally, they live in houses built on stilts. Most also have a second home located on farm clearings where older people mind the crops, cattle, and poultry. Handicrafts are poorly developed, aside from the weaving of bamboo household items.

Traditionally, Nhang women dressed elaborately, wearing fanned out skirts covering their knees. Today, they wear typical Vietnamese style clothing, which includes carrying embroidered cloth bags. Their hair is rolled around their heads, then tied with pink threads that are usually left dangling down their backs.

Each year the Nhang celebrate their anticipated harvest in a festival called roong pooc. Every family owns land to plant rice, maize, sweet potatoes, cassava, gourds, and vegetables. They use buffaloes for plowing, horses as beasts of burden, and poultry for meat and sacrificial offerings.

Communal, or shared land, is prominent in the Nhang society. Each village has a piece of forbidden forest called ma doong xia ("sacred forest"). A ceremony is held twice a year at the biggest tree, called "the forest chief," honoring the village spirits. Bamboo structures at the village entrance hold offerings of pig, buffalo ears, or chicken legs.

Nhang society is patrilineal (inheritances are passed down through the males) and patriarchal (male-dominated). Families tend to be small. According to Nhang tradition, a woman has three people to whom she must submit: her father before marriage, her husband, then her son after her husband's death. Formerly, girls were sold into marriage and rites were complex. Today, young people are free to choose their own marriage partners.

Education in Vietnam is free and state-controlled. The leading institution of higher learning is Hanoi University.

What are their beliefs?
The Nhang, like most other minority groups in Vietnam, practice ethnic religions. They worship a multitude of gods that are associated with the earth, water, fire, and famous ancestors. They also worship various spirits. Most villages have local temples for worship. Folk literature and art are also of importance in religious life.

The Nhang view the world as having three stages: the middle stage, which is life on earth; the stage of heaven, which is to be magnificent and glorious; and the stage underneath, which is believed to be cramped and shameful.

What are their needs?
Over 44 years of war have severely damaged Vietnam's economy; recovery has been slow. In most areas, there is a lack of adequate health care facilities.

Today, Vietnam is one of the few remaining Communist nations. There is a tremendous need for evangelistic materials, Christian laborers, and intercessors to stand in the gap for these precious people.

Prayer Points
* Ask the Lord to call people who are willing to go to Vietnam and share Christ with the Nhang.
* Ask God to give the few Nhang believers opportunities to share the Gospel with their own people.
* Pray that God will open the hearts of Vietnam's governmental leaders to the Gospel.
* Ask the Holy Spirit to soften the hearts of the Nhang toward Christians so that they will be receptive to the Gospel.
* Ask God to raise up teams of intercessors who will stand in the gap for these precious people.
* Ask the Lord to raise up a strong local church among the Nhang of Vietnam.
* Pray for completion of Bible translation in this people group's primary language.

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Prayer Links  
PrayerGuard.net
Global Prayer Digest: 2006-07-24
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Country: Vietnam
Continent: Asia
Region: Southeast Asia
Persecution Rank:18 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Total Provinces on file:4
Location in Country:Lao Cai, Yen Bai, Cao Bang, Ha Giang, and Lai Chau provinces.
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
   
 
Maps
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
 
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Giay
People Name General: Giay
Alternate People Names:
Chi ChuChungcha
DangDioi
GiaiGiang
GiáyGlay
NhangNyang
Pau ThinPu Nam
Sa NhanXa Chung Cha
YaiZay
ROP3 Code: 107305
Joshua Project People ID: 13385
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 65,000
Population all Countries: 72,000
Least-Reached: Yes
   
 
Affinity Bloc: Southeast Asian Peoples
People Cluster: Bouyei
People Name General: Giay
Ethnic Code: MSY49z
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
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Primary Language: Bouyei (65,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): pcc    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
   
 
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.50 %(Evangelical: 0.02 %)
Ethnic Religions99.50 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent15.00 %
Protestant10.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic75.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 2   Less than 2% Evangelical. Initial (localized) church planting within past 2 years
 
 
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1904
New Testament: None Reported
Complete Bible: None Reported
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Bouyei
Film / VideoMy Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
 
 
Ministry Activity
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Networking: Visit LinkingGlobalVoices.org for networking possibilities.
Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
 
Data Notes
Data Sources
 
 

Giay in Vietnam

Peoples
               
Geographic
Global                 Global
           
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
           
   
People Cluster
       
Region
   
    Bouyei     Southeast Asia    
     
People-Group-Across-Countries
   
Country
   
      Giay Vietnam    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Giay in Vietnam          
      Religion Language  
      Ethnic Religions     Bouyei  
    Global    
Language
 
    All Religions                              
   
Religion
                             

Direct link:  http://legacy.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?rog3=VM&peo3=13385