Introduction / History
The Kurds are the largest people group without their own homeland. They are spread across Turkey, Iran, Iraq, Lebanon, Armenia, and Georgia. This oil-rich area is known as Kurdistan.
The Kurds of Georgia originated in Turkey. Large numbers of Kurds immigrated to the republics of Armenia and Georgia in the late 1800s and early 1900s. Some are Yazidis (a sect of Islam) who were fleeing persecution as heretics in the Turkish Ottoman Empire.
Though the distinct Kurdish communities within the C.I.S. (former USSR) are separated by religion, places of origin, and distance, many Kurds still dream of a united Kurdistan. Customs and traditional dress have been maintained in many areas. The C.I.S. encourages the Kurds to use their national language. In nearby Armenia, there are radio broadcasts in Kurmanji, and there is a Kurdish publishing house.
What are their lives like?
The Kurds of Georgia enjoy a higher standard of living than their cousins in Turkey and Iran. Although they still farm and care for animals, many now live in cities. About half live in Georgia's capital city, Tbilisi.
While the Kurds in Turkey are relatively poor, former Soviet Kurds are among the nation's most prosperous citizens. They work hard on the various collective farms, as well as tending to their own herds and plots of land.
In Georgia, the prosperity of the Kurds is evident in the quality of their homes. They have modern houses made of stone or brick, usually equipped with central heating and sometimes even a telephone. Their villages have broad, well-lit streets, linked to the cities by reasonably good roads. They have their own schools, school books, and a printing press, as well as many other things that are considered luxurious in Kurdistan. They face no discrimination and many hold high political offices. Illiteracy disappeared among them in the 1930s.
Prior to glasnost, there was a measure of cultural freedom for the Kurds. However, both glasnost and Georgia's independence have contributed to a resurgence of Kurdish identity and expression. As Kurdish nationalism has been re-awakened, many C.I.S. citizens have embraced their ethnic origins by declaring themselves to be Kurds.
Though the Kurdish Yazidis of Georgia are small in number, they have done the most to defend their identity. They have jealously guarded their national customs and have resisted the pressure to be absorbed into the Georgian lifestyle.
The Kurds are noted for their elaborate and colorful national costumes. The men's attire consists of baggy, colored trousers and plain shirts with huge sleeves split at the wrist and tied at the elbow. Brilliantly colored vests and sashes are also worn. Women wear brightly embroidered, heavy clothing.
What are their beliefs?
While most of the Kurds of Georgia are Shia Muslims, nearly one-tenth are non-religious. Others are followers of the ancient Persian religion of Zoroastrinism. Zoroastrinists worship a god named Ormazd. They believe that there is a universal struggle between darkness and light. However, the traditional Muslim Kurds have long persecuted the Yazidis, whom they view as heretics.
What are their needs?
The Northern Kurd of Georgia have followed Islam for many years. Although they are financially prosperous, spiritually they are paupers.
Although the New Testament and the Jesus film are available in their language, there are still only a few known believers among them.
* Ask the Lord to call people who are willing to go to Georgia and share Christ with the Kurds.
* Ask the Holy Spirit to soften the hearts of the Muslim Kurds towards Christianity.
* Pray that God will raise up Georgian Christians as a clear Gospel witness to the Muslim Kurds.
* Ask God to strengthen, encourage, and protect the few known Kurdish Christians.
* Ask the Lord to give missions agencies strategies for reaching the Kurdish population.
* Pray that a strong local church will be raised up among the Kurds of Georgia.