Introduction / History
They have 50% linguistic similarities with Swahili, Mwani and Yao but different enough to disserve its own translation. There is great interaction between men, especially because of trade. Swahili is understood by the majority of men, but amongst women there is little comprehension. In the Palma district all men can speak Makonde. Those who attended school can speak and read in Portuguese or Swahili.
Where are they located?
They are located in the province of Cabo Delgado in one area stretching from the Tanzanian border to the interior of the province, alongside the Rovuma River. There is a greater concentration of people in the costal area of the province going down to the districts of Quionga and Palma.
What are their lives like?
Their subsistence activities are agriculture, trading and fishing.
What are their beliefs?
They are Muslims or animists. Even those who are Muslims are highly syncretistic. Even though they have Islam as their formal religion, in their daily lives when facing problems they go to the traditional healers. There is high resistance to other religions.
What are their needs?
There is a small chance for them to know de Gospel through the Makonde or Swahili. Little willingness from the nationals to reach out the Muslim groups. Their needs are in the areas of health, education/sports and social development.
Text source: Ethnic & Missiologic Research