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Adyghe, West Circassian in Russia

Adyghe, West Circassian

Send us a photo of this people.  [1]

Adyghe, West Circassian in Russia map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
142,000 Adyghe Islam 0.08 % 0.07 % No   

Adyghe, West Circassian in Russia

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Introduction / History
There are two main groups of Circassians: the West, or Lower Circassian, who speak Adyghey; and the East, or Upper Circassian, who speak Kabardian. Their original homeland was an area in the northwestern Caucasus Mountains, extending out onto the Russian steppes. It was bounded on the west by the Black Sea, on the northwest by the Crimea, on the north by Ukraine, and on the east by Chechnya and Daghestan.

The West Circassians of Russia represent a relatively small amount of a once large, important group of people. Having lived in the Caucasus area for thousands of years, they had contact with the many peoples who passed the steppes to the north. During that time, the Circassians knew almost constant warfare with these neighbors. By the mid-1860s, roughly 90% of the Circassian population had been either killed or forced to flee. Today, they live not only in their own homeland, but also in Turkey, Syria, Jordan, and Iraq, and other countries.

What are their lives like?
In Russia, the Circassians are largely a rural people. Their traditional economy is based on herding and farming, supplemented by growing fruit. They also raise chickens, cows, sheep, goats, pigs, and especially horses. They grow a variety of grains, and in the highlands, they also hunt. They eat bread, milk, cheese, broth, fruit and vegetable dishes, and occasionally, a meat dish with a spicy nut sauce.

Traditionally, Circassian houses were spaced fairly far apart along a river, generally in the higher country. The dwelling, called a wuna, was a long rectangular house with a porch extending along its front. It was made of twigs coated with mud and had a thatch roof. There were several rooms, including at least one for the women. The house usually had a large tree planted in front of its door to symbolize the growth and strength of the family. A vegetable garden and several other houses (for sons and their families), as well as buildings for livestock and food storage were located behind the main house. The entire compound was enclosed in a stockade.

Today, in the lowland villages where most of the people live, standardized brick homes with garden plots have replaced traditional patterns. Many Circassians now live in the cities of Maikop, Armavir, Krasnodar, Cherkassk, Stavrapol, Nalchik, and Mozdok. These centers have Circassian institutes and schools, and some Circassians have moved there to be near their work.

Outside of the cities, the extended family is the most common unit, sometimes containing as many as four or five generations. Members of a tlapq (clan) are descended from the same male ancestors and share a common name. Marriages are based on love or mutual interest and occur when the couple is in their early thirties. The wife has authority over many of the household matters, but the husband has the final say in disputes.

A man was traditionally never without his dagger, and few things were more important to him than his weapons. This reflected the prevalence of the "blood feud." Circassian folklore is rich, varied, and has served as a basis for modern literature and poetry.

In recent years, the areas in which Circassians live were elevated in status to republics and were allowed to fly the old Circassian flag. An effort is now being made, through land grants and other incentives, to have scattered Circassians return to their homeland. In fact, a number have returned, and some even dream of the return of all Circassians to the Caucasus.

What are their beliefs?
Christianity was brought to the Circassians between the sixth and twelfth centuries, but they have been Muslims for the past three or four hundred years. Nevertheless, many pagan relics and some forms of Eastern Orthodox Christianity still exist in their oral traditions and religious practices.

What are their needs?
The Circassians of Russia need Christian laborers to live and work among them. Like many ethnic groups, they are searching for national identity. Prayer is the first step towards seeing them find true identity in Jesus.

Prayer Points
* Ask the Lord of the harvest to send long-term missionaries to the West Circassians of Russia.
* Pray that God will use Christians in Russia to reach out to the West Circassians.
* Ask the Lord to save key leaders among the Circassians who will boldly declare the Gospel.
* Pray for Christian media to be translated into Adyghey.
* Ask God to raise up prayer teams who will begin breaking up the soil through worship and intercession.
* Pray that strong local churches will be raised up among the Circassians.

View Adyghe, West Circassian in all countries.

Prayer Links  
PrayerGuard.net
Global Prayer Digest: 2009-03-25
Global Prayer Digest: 2012-03-10
Global Prayer Digest: 2014-03-03
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Country: Russia
Continent: Asia
Region: Europe, Eastern and Eurasia
Persecution Rank:41 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: No
Location in Country:Adygeya Republic, Kransnodarskiy Kray, Karachayevo-Cherkesiya, and Stavropol’skiy Kray.
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
   
 
Maps
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Country Map:Political map
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
 
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Adyghe, West Circassian
People Name General: Adyghe
Alternate People Names:
CherkessCircassian
Circassian, WestKjax
Lower CircassianShapsug
ROP3 Code: 100079
Joshua Project People ID: 10161
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 142,000
Population all Countries: 679,000
Least-Reached: Yes
   
 
Affinity Bloc: Eurasian Peoples
People Cluster: Caucasus
People Name General: Adyghe
Ethnic Code: CEW17a
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
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Primary Language: Adyghe
Language Code (ISO): ady    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Kabardian (Unknown)
Total Languages: 2
   
 
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.08 %(Evangelical: 0.07 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam99.92 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 3   Less than 2% Evangelical. Widespread church planting within past 2 years
 
 
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1977-2007
New Testament:
1991
Complete Bible: None Reported
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsOnline Scripture / Portions
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Adyghe
Film / VideoThe Prophets' Story
GeneralFour Spiritual Laws
 
 
Ministry Activity
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Networking: Visit LinkingGlobalVoices.org for networking possibilities.
Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
 
Data Notes
Data Sources
 
 

Adyghe, West Circassian in Russia

Peoples
               
Geographic
Global                 Global
           
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
           
   
People Cluster
       
Region
   
    Caucasus     Europe, Eastern and Eurasia    
     
People-Group-Across-Countries
   
Country
   
      Adyghe Russia    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Adyghe, West Circassian in Russia          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Adyghe  
    Global    
Language
 
    All Religions                              
   
Religion
                             

Direct link:  http://legacy.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?peo3=10161&rog3=RS