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Antandroy in Madagascar


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Antandroy in Madagascar map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
1,220,000 Malagasy, Tandroy-Mahafaly Ethnic Religions 20.00 % 1.97 % No   

Antandroy in Madagascar

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Introduction / History
The Tandroy people live in the arid extreme-South of Madagascar. The name Androy indicates the area where they live and means "where there are thorns", "roy" referring to a particular mimosa with long thorns (Mimosa delicatula). They have adapted to a very inhospitable environment, covered with thorny bush and plagued with drought. It is a constant struggle to find water and famine is regular. Their immediate neighbors are the Mahafaly (west), Bara (north) and Tanosy (east).

The Tandroy are usually tall and strongly built, known for their fierceness and self-assurance. They are intrinsically a pastoral people, but also cultivate manioc, millet, maize, and sweet potatoes. Their villages are hidden from the main road tracks, characteristically behind living fences of cactus. Their history has not yet been conclusively researched. The first written record referring to them as "Antandroy" is by Robert Drury (1729), recounting his fifteen years of captivity among them. According to oral history, different clans invaded Androy in the eighteenth century from the east, north and northwest and put an end to the ruling dynasty of the Andriamañare. The Tandroy remained divided into numerous small entities, sometimes uniting their forces against common enemies, maintaining their independence vis-a-vis the Merina until 1903 when French troops and administrators arrived. (Pearson, 1992).

There are today a substantial number of Tandroy living on just over 20,000 square kilometers between the Mandrare and Menarandra rivers. Many more are found in other parts of Madagascar where they migrate in search of work. Most of these migrants settle in separate communities, retaining their customs and return home after a few years. The migrations started in the 1920s and intensify during times of famine.

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Country: Madagascar
Continent: Africa
Region: Africa, East and Southern
10/40 Window: No
Location in Country:Androy, Atsimo-Andrefana, and Anosy regions: Beloha, Tsihombe, Ambovombe, and Bekily districts.
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
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Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Antandroy
People Name General: Antandroy
Alternate People Names:
ROP3 Code: 100382
Joshua Project People ID: 10345
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 1,220,000
Population all Countries: 1,220,000
Least-Reached: No
Affinity Bloc: Malay Peoples
People Cluster: Malagasy
People Name General: Antandroy
Ethnic Code: MSY44j
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Malagasy, Tandroy-Mahafaly (1,220,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): tdx    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity20.00 %(Evangelical: 1.97 %)
Ethnic Religions72.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam8.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent5.00 %
Protestant55.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic40.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Evangelicals have only a very small representation among all who claim to be Christians.
Least-Reached: No
GSEC Status:Level 3   Less than 2% Evangelical. Widespread church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 2012-2014
New Testament: None Reported
Complete Bible: None Reported
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Malagasy, Tandroy-Ma ...
Film / VideoMy Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Text / Printed MatterOnline Bible text (Scripture Earth)
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Antandroy in Madagascar

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Malagasy     Africa, East and Southern    
      Antandroy Madagascar    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Antandroy in Madagascar          
      Religion Language  
      Ethnic Religions     Malagasy, Tandroy-Mahafaly  
    All Religions                              

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